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OCCA names environmental essay contest winners – OCCA – Otsego
APPSC Group 1 syllabus- Prelims syllabus. Reading Comprehension Passage- (followed by Questions) Recognition of Parts of Speech. Verb forms – Usage of Tenses. Identifying and Interchange of essay, Sentences. (Simple, Complex, and Compound) (Active and Passive voice) Use of Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases. Correction of Sentences. Use the given Idioms and Phrases in your own Sentences. One Word Substitutes – Recognition and Usage. Synonyms – Recognition and business change plan, Usage. Antonyms – Recognition and essay contest, Usage. Words often confused.
Expansion of Proverb /Sayings. Write a Paragraph using the given Words/Phrases. Summarizing /Precis Writing. Essay writing on Topics of Social relevance. Description of business change, a given Picture/Symbols. Letter writing (Informal Formal) Non-Verbal Communication (Body Language) After Qualifying Papers, APPSC Group 1 syllabus has five main papers 01.General Essay. 02.History and constitution. 04.Science and environmental essay contest, Technology. (Candidate should write three Essays, selecting one from each Section compulsorily. Each Section contains three Topics. Each Essay carries 50 marks.) 1. Crisis management. 2. Social problems, Analysis and solutions.
1. Current events of national and international importance. 1.Current events relating to State of Andhra Pradesh. HISTORY AND CULTURAL HERITAGE OF INDIA WITH EMPHASIS ON 20TH CENTURY HISTORY OF INDIA. 1. Indus Valley Civilization. Vedic Culture – Social Formation –Emergence of New Religious Sects in 6th c. B.C.E. – Jainism and Buddhism and Its Impact – Rise of abortion essay, Mauryans – Ashoka Dharma –Social and Cultural Life – Sangam Age and Its Literature – Kushanas and their Contribution to Culture – Guptas – Socio-Economic and environmental essay, Cultural Conditions – Harshavardhana and His Contribution to Buddhism. 2.Pallavas of abortion is morally wrong, Kanchi, Chalukyas of Badami and Cholas of Tanjore -society, Religion, Language, Literature, Art and essay contest, Architecture – Delhi Sultanate – Cultural Developments – Significance of Bhakti and Sufi Movements and contrast essay beowulf achilles, Its Influence – Emergence of Composite Culture – Vijayanagar Empire – Socio-Economic and Cultural Conditions. 3.. Mughals – Socio-Religious Life and Cultural Developments – Rise of Shivaji – Advent of Europeans – Trade Practices – Rise of English East India Company – It#8217;s Hegemony – Changes in Administration – Social and Cultural Spheres – Role of Christian Missionaries – Resistance to British Rule – 1857 Revolt and Its Impact. 4. Socio-Religious Reform Movements. Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Dayananda Saraswathi, Swamy Vivekananda, Annie Besant, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and Others Self Respect Movements – Jyotiba Phule, Narayana Guru, Periyar Ramaswamy Naicker, Mahatma Gandhi, Dr.
B.R. Ambedkar and Others. 5. Indian Nationalism. Factors for the Growth of Nationalism – Three Phases of India’s Freedom Struggle 1885-1905, 1905-1920 and Gandhian Phase 1920-1947 Tribal, Peasant and Workers Movements – Women and environmental, Dalit Movements – Role of different parties and organizations in the freedom struggle including role of revolutionaries – Local and regional movements as part of freedom struggle Interreligious Unity and Communalism Freedom and is morally wrong, Partition of environmental, India.. SOCIAL AND CULTURAL HISTORY OF ANDHRA PRADESH. Satavahanas, Ikshvakus, Salankayanas and Vishnukundins – Social and Economic Conditions – Religion, Language, Literature, Art Architecture – Chalukyas of Vengi – Social Life, Religion, Telugu Language, Literature, Learning, Art, and environmental contest, Architecture. 2. . Essay. Medieval Andhra : Socio-Cultural and Religious conditions in Andhradesa between 1000 to 1565 A.D Growth of Telugu Language and change plan, Literature (KavitrayaAshtadiggajas) Fine-Arts, Art Architecture – Monuments – Significance, Contribution of Qutubshahis to Andhra History and Culture.
3. Modern Andhra : European Trade establishments in Andhra – Andhra under Company Rule – Education – Role of contest, Christian Missionaries –Socio-Cultural Awakening – Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Raghupathi Venkataratnam Naidu and psychology, Others – Prominence to Spoken Telugu – Gidugu Ramamurthy and others – Library Movement in Andhra Pradesh Role of News Papers. 4. Nationalist Movement in Andhra and Role of Andhra Leaders – Non- Brahmin Movement and Justice Party – Nationalist and Revolutionary Literature – Role of poets/authors/social reformers (like Gurajada Appa Rao, Kandukuri Veereslingam, Rayaprolu Subba Rao, Unnava Lakshminarayana, Gurram Jashuva, Boyi Bheemanna, Sri Sri, Garimella Satyanarayana, Tripuraneni Ramaswamy Choudhary and Several Others) – Andhra Mahasabha – Movement for Separate Andhra State – 1903 to Formation of Andhra State 1953 – States Reorganisation Commission and Its Recommendations – Emergence of Andhra Pradesh 1956 – Important Social and Cultural Events between 1956 and 2014.. 5. Essay. Bifurcation of major depressive disorder evolve, Andhra Pradesh and its Administrative, Economic, Social, Cultural, Political, and contest, legal implications/problems, including a). Loss of capital city challenges in building a new capital and its financial implications. b). Division and rebuilding of common Institutions. Environmental. c). Division of employees, their relocation and nativity issues. Essay. d). Effect of bifurcation on commerce and entrepreneurs. e). Business Change Plan. Implications for financial resources of contest, state government. f). Essay Beowulf. The task of post-bifurcation infrastructure development and opportunities for investments. g).
The socioeconomic, cultural and demographic impact of bifurcation. Environmental Essay. h). The impact of bifurcation on change river water sharing and consequential issues. i). AP REORGANISATION ACT, 2014 and the arbitrariness of certain provisions. GENERAL OVERVIEW OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION. 1. The Indian Constitution Making of the environmental essay contest, Constitution- Legacies of British RuleConstituent Assembly- Constitutional Development – Salient features of the Indian Constitution- Preamble- Fundamental Rights- Directive Principles of State Policy and their relationship- Fundamental Duties- Impact of Socio- Economic factors on Indian Polity.
2. Structure and functions of Union Governmen t- Legislative, Executive, Judiciary and their relationship- State Governments- Legislative, Executive and Judiciary and their relationship- Types of Legislatures- Unicameral, Bicameral, Executive– Parliamentary, Judiciary- Judicial Review and counseling psychology paper, Judicial Activism. 3. Centre- State relations between the environmental contest, Indian Union and States- Administrative, Legislative and Financial- Need for Reforms- Recommendations of Rajmannar, Sarkaria and M.M. Punchchi Is Indian System, a Federal or Unitary System Powers and Functions of Constitutional Bodies- UPSC, State Public Service Commissions, CAG. 4. Amendment Process to the Constitution Centralization Vs Decentralization Constitutional Review Commission, Community Development Programs- Grass root Democracies- Local Governments- Rural and Urban- 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts and their Implementation. 5. Party Systems -National, Regional- Types of Party Systems- One Party, Bi-Party, Multi-Party- Regionalism, and Sub- Regionalism – Demand for the New States Sri Krishna Committee Threats to National Integration- Elections- Election Process- Role of Election Commission- Need for Reforms- Voting Behaviour. Abortion Essay. 6. Social Movements and Welfare Mechanisms- Agrarian, Civil Liberties, Women, Tribals, Dalits and Environmental- Need for Reforms for contest, SCs, STs and psychology research, BCsPrevention of SC’s and ST’s Atrocities Act- National and States SC’s ST’s and BC’s Commissions- Women Commission- Minorities Commissions- Human Rights Commission- RTI- Lokpal and Lok Ayukt.
PLANNING IN INDIA INDIAN ECONOMY. 1. National income and environmental, other macroeconomic aggregates in India – Trends; Sectoral Contribution of Income; Human Development – Indicators – Importance and Measurement. 2. Indian Economic Planning – Characteristics – Types – Objectives – Achievements and Failures – Vision, strategy, accomplishments and difficulties in implementation of various 5 year plans (starting from 1st plan to 12th plan) – Economic reforms and liberalization – Origin of Economic Crisis (Meltdown in counseling psychology 2007- 08) market failure – Role of Public and Private Sectors – Guiding principles and functioning of Niti Ayog – Decentralization in resource sharing – Cooperative Federalism Finance Commissions. 3. Poverty and contest, Unemployment in and contrast mesopotamia essay India -Concepts-Magnitude-Measurement – Causes; Measures for Eradication of Poverty; Unemployment – Nature – Types – Causes – Government Policy initiatives for mitigating Unemployment – MGNREGS; Income inequalities – causes- measurement- Remedial Measures. 4. Monetary Policy –Objectives Functions of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) – Control of Credit – Structure of Indian Banking – Financial Sector Reforms. Trends in Revenue and Expenditures of the Central and State Governments – India’s Public Debt –Analysis of the Union Budget – Demonetization as a policy instrument. 5. India’s Economic Problems : Nutrition and balanced diet – provision of Healthcare and basic education to all financing of infrastructure – PPP; agrarian crisis – migration – urbanization – growth of slums; climatic change; irrigation and water; skill development and essay contest, demographic dividend; environmental degradation. Abortion Wrong Essay. LAND REFORMS SOCIAL CHANGES IN A.P. AFTER INDEPENDENCE. 1. Contest. The Genesis of Land Reforms – Abolition of and contrast essay, Intermediaries – Tenancy Reforms – Land ceiling in Andhra Pradesh.
2. The structure of the Andhra Pradesh Economy – Sectoral and Regional Analysis – The Extent of Poverty – Agricultural Inputs and Technology. 3. Demographic Features and Social Backwardness – Literacy and Occupational Structure – Changes in the Sectoral Distribution of Income and Employment- SocioPolitical and Economic Empowerment of Women. 4. State Finances and Budgetary Policies – Trends in environmental essay contest Revenue and Expenditures of State Government – Public Debt – Analysis of the State Budget. 5. Five Year Plans of Andhra Pradesh – Outlays; Regional Imbalances – Development Strategies in major disorder case study evolve Andhra Pradesh – Outlays after formation of essay, Niti Ayog. ANDHRA PRADESH ECONOMY, PRESENT STATUS ITS STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES. 1. Growth and structure of counseling research, industries in Andhra Pradesh, factories, small and tiny sectors, their composition and growth – problems – remedial measures. 2. Agricultural growth in Andhra Pradesh – Trends in agricultural output and productivity – Agricultural Price Policy – Public Distribution in Andhra Pradesh.
3. Regional disparities in income, industrial output, irrigation, health and education in Andhra Pradesh. 4. Agricultural credit in Andhra Pradesh – Sources of Rural Credit – Institutional and none –institutional-Co-operative Credit societies – Micro Finance and Development Adequacy of credit. The service sector in Andhra Pradesh – with special reference to essay contest, Power, Transport Communication, Tourism IT Sectors. 5. Growth Corridors – Exploration of minerals – Infrastructural projects in A.P – Ports Development – World-class Educational Institutions. 6 . Depressive Disorder. Mission oriented Development Strategy – Key Missions Vision 2020 and essay contest, 2050 – Sunrise Andhra Pradesh – CORE – Post-reorganization economic and welfare programs and business plan, schemes of Government of Andhra Pradesh. ROLE AND IMPACT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA:: Science and Technology- Classical and contest, emerging areas their relevance to the day to day life, National Policy of research, Science and technology and its changes, Importance of science and technology nation Building. Nation Policies of Science and Technology- energies in essay contest Policies with time, Technology Missions- Basics in Computers in Communication and Broad-costing, Role of the information Technology in rural India, Software Development in Economic Growth, Development of Nanotechnology, Role of Nanotechnology in different areas. Space Programme in India, its Applications with Reference to industrial, Agricultural and counseling paper, other rural development activities; INSAR, IRS, EDUSAT, Chandrayan, Mangalayan and other futures Programmes, a role of Space Programme in Agriculture and Rural Development, IRNSS. Energy Resources: Energy demands, Indian Energy Sciences Conventional energy powers, Thermal, renewable energy resources, Solar, wind, Bio and wasted based, energy policies Geothermal and Tidal Sources, energy Policies in India, energy security.
Current Science Technology Developments in environmental essay contest India, Global Warming and Climate change, Floods, Cyclones and Tsunami, Natural and essay, Manmade Disasters, Tsunami, Mobilization, and environmental essay contest, Industrialization. Abortion Essay. BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES, HUMAN WELFARE AND MODERN TRENDS IN LIFE SCIENCES. Biological Resources : Plants, animals, and Microbes. Outline classification of plants, animals, and microorganisms. Microbial resources History of fermentation development industrially important fermentation products antibiotics, organic acids, alcohols, vitamins, amino acids. Insulin, and growth hormones.
UNIT 2: Plants and Animal Resources : Uses of plants food, fodder, medicine and fibers and essay contest, other products. Essay. Cultivated plants-origin and Indian natives. Poisonous plants. Animals wild and domesticated. Usefulness of animals for mankind for food and medical advancements. Human diseases- microbial infections. Common infections and preventive measures.
Introduction to bacterial, viral, protozoal and fungal infections. Basic knowledge of infections-diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera, tuberculosis, malaria, viral infections like HIV, Encephalitis, Chikungunya, bird flu preventive measures during outbreaks. Introduction to Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. Basic concepts of genetic engineering. Tissue culture methods and applications.
Biotechnology in agriculture- Bio-pesticides, Bio-fertilizers, Bio-fuels, Genetically modified crops. Animal husbandry- transgenic animals. Environmental Contest. Vaccines : Introduction to immunity, Fundamental concepts in vaccination, Production of Modern Vaccines (production of Hepatitis vaccine). ECOLOGY, NATURAL RESOURCES, AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES: Ecosystems and Biodiversity : Ecosystem- structure and function. Energy flow in compare and egypt essay ecosystems, productivity and food chains. Contest. Biogeochemical cycles- C N. Compare Mesopotamia And Egypt. Types of Ecosystems aquatic and environmental contest, terrestrial, Biodiversity: types – genetic, species and ecosystem diversity and value – economic values (food, fiber, medicine). hot spots. Threats and. Biodiversity conservation- in situ and ex-situ. Major Disorder Evolve. Natural Resources : Types of Natural resources- renewable and Nonrenewable. Forest resources. Fishing resources.
Fossil Fuels- Coal, Petroleum, and essay contest, Natural Gas. Mineral resources. Is Morally Wrong. Water resources – Types, Watershed management. Land resources – types of soils and soil reclamation. Environmental Contest. Nonconventional energy resources. Environmental pollution and counseling research paper, Solid waste management: Sources, impacts, and essay contest, control of disorder study evolve, air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution. Noise pollution. Solid waste management – Types of solid waste, impacts of solid waste, recycling and reuse.
Global Environmental issues and role of information Technology in Environment and essay, Human Health Ozone layer depletion, Acid rain. Climate change and its impacts. Environmental legislation : International Law, Montreal protocol, Kyoto protocol, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change, CITES. Compare And Contrast. The Environment (Protection) act 1986, Forest conservation Act, Wildlife protection act. Biodiversity Bill of India – cop 21 Sustainable Development Goals – National Disaster Management Policy, 2016 of India and contest, Disaster management initiatives in India. DATA APPRECIATION AND INTERPRETATION, LOGICAL REASONING, QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE AND PROBLEM-SOLVING. 1. Data Analysis and Interpretation of diagrammatic data for APPSC Group 1 syllabus. Analytical Interpretation of statistical Data, Study of Graphs and Charts Bar graphs, Line graphs and Pie- charts and drawing conclusions. Basic problems in Trigonometry like properties of triangle, heights distances. Basic problems in disorder Probability and environmental contest, Statistics including construction of frequency tables, mean, median, mode, range, the coefficient of compare, variation, variance, standard deviation etc. 2. Logical Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude for APPSC Group 1 syllabus. a) Time and Work, Speed -Time – Distance, Simple and Compound Interest, Logical reasoning problems like Calendar and Clock Problems, Blood Relationship, Seating arrangement etc. b) Quantitative Aptitude – Number system, Number Sequences, Permutations and Combinations, Series, Averages, Ratio and Proportion, Profit, loss and environmental essay contest, discount problems etc.,
c) Coding and Decoding problems: coding using Ciphers and non-ciphers. d) Problem-solving using Venn Diagrams. 3. Passage Analysis: A duly structured situation which is related to issues in social or economic development will be presented to depressive case study, the candidates and they will be asked to analyze and suggest their own solution to the problem arising out of the situation. Alternatively, they may be called upon to prove the understanding of the situation by answering certain searching questions based on the situation.
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Harmful Algal Blooms and Aquaculture. Harmful Algal Blooms and how they are Linked to Aquaculture Abstract Harmful algal blooms cause a wide range of negative effects on aquaculture. These effects are come from the essay contest, complexity of harmful algal species; the toxins they create and depressive study morphology they have adapted. Science still lacks a full understanding of essay contest factors that are envolved in blooms formation. Aquaculture and harmful algal blooms are directly related because it is one of many anthropogenic factors that unintentionally produce the counseling psychology paper, conditions that promote harmful algal blooms. The methods of essay production, feeds used, waste produced can lead to nutrient loading and eutrophic conditions by releasing essential nutrients into water that are necessary for counseling research, algal growth. Phosphorus and nitrogen compounds are two of the essay contest, main byproducts or aquaculture that are associated with bloom formation. To minimize the effects of harmful algal blooms on aquaculture you must understand the diversity and complexity of harmful algal blooms and their relationship with aquaculture. Abortion Is Morally Essay! Abstract Harmful algal blooms cause a wide range of environmental contest negative effects on aquaculture. These effects are come from the complexity of essay harmful algal species; the toxins they create and morphology they have adapted. Science still lacks a full understanding of factors that are envolved in blooms formation.
Aquaculture and harmful algal blooms are directly related because it is one of many anthropogenic factors that unintentionally produce the conditions that promote harmful algal blooms. The methods of production, feeds used, waste produced can lead to nutrient loading and eutrophic conditions by releasing essential nutrients into water that are necessary for algal growth. One of the bigger concerns today is the apparent increase in harmful bloom events. Researchers have linked this increase with anthropogenic activities, aquaculture being one of them. Aquaculture operations adds additional nutrients to the system, this lowers nutrients that limits algal growth. A better understand of the dynamics and characters the essay contest, form and make up a bloom combined with the compare and egypt essay, a better understanding of nutrient loading of aquaculture could potentially help reduce the negative effects harmful algal blooms have on aquaculture. Single celled microscopic algae like phytoplankton are the most globally abundant species and one of the oceans’ most important resources. These autotrophic primary producers form the bottom of the food pyramid, acting as the primary source of food for larval finfish, crustaceans, filter feeding bivalves, and other species (Hallengraeff, 1995). In normal concentrations, these single celled algae work in balance with the environmental, ocean and psychology research its inhabitants, filling important roles in chemical and environmental nutrient cycles.
They act as primary producers, providing nutrients and depressive disorder study evolve food for variety of essay different species. These simple microscopic species are vitally important to the success of both fisheries and aquaculture, but in some situations they can also have detrimental effects on the marine and abortion coastal environment and numerous terrestrial and marine species. A combination of physical, chemical, biological, hydrological, and meteorological events can generate appropriate conditions that allow these simple single celled microalgae can exhibit exponential growth and reproduction. These natural events create the opportunity for algal bloom formation with potential large scale negative effects throughout the area they cover (Graham, 2007). Algal blooms can be very diverse and differ from one another in many ways . How they form, the algal specie of contest causation, characteristics and dynamics of a blooms, the species they affect, and impacts they cause are some of the complex factors that are found in blooms (Zingone Enevoldsen, 2000). The specific characteristics used to define a harmful bloom vary by sources.
Hans Paerl, among others, defined harmful blooms by wrong using several characteristics. Paerl also defined harmful blooms at environmental essay contest, their most basic level by environmental essay contest classifying them as having nuisance conditions, meaning ecological and/or economic impacts (Paerl, 1988). As harmful algal blooms move across the contest, ocean, the observable effects they cause go beyond the change, ocean and marine species it covers. These events will also have wide spread negative impacts on costal terrestrial organism and both human health and activities. Algal species produce sevral different toxins that are detrimental effects to human health, causing various illnesses and mortalities. About 10% of foodborne disease in the United States results from environmental essay contest, algal toxins; worldwide they cause more than 60,000 intoxications a year. Van Dolah, 2000) Economic losses due harmful algal blooms have been estimated in the tens of millions of dollars, from costs of beach clean ups, decreased tourism, and closing or stopping sales of commercial fisheries and aquaculture (Van Dolah et al. , 2001). Over the depressive disorder study evolve, past several decades there has been an apparent increase in the frequency and geographic range of harmful algal blooms. This apparent increase has been attributed to both increased observations and focus on harmful algal blooms and increased inputs from anthropogenic sources. Aquaculture is one of many anthropogenic activities that is believed to be hypernutrification and eutrophic conditions in surrounding bodies of water. This paper will attempt to gain a better understanding of diversity of harmful algal blooms and also the effect aquaculture has on the environment in adding in formation of environmental essay contest harmful algal blooms.
Algal Blooms Historically algal blooms are a naturally occurring phenomenon in earth’s oceans and have been observed throughout recorded history (Hallegraeff, 1993). These events are often beneficial to business change plan, bivalves by supplying an abundant food supply to these filters feeding that relay on microalgae for their source of nutrients. Environmental! Algal blooms can quickly turn into detrimental to the environment and its inhabitants are various ways (Leverone, 2007). Sources from human history including the bible may contain the first documented cases of major depressive study evolve algal blooms. Environmental Essay! In Exodus 7: 20-21 referring to one of the plaques on Egypt “all the waters that were in the river turned to blood, and the fish that was in the river died”. Some historians and scientist now believe this biblical reference from 1,000BC could be the first written record of an algal bloom. (Hallegraeff, 1993) Other historical sources may have unknowing recorded written evidence on algal blooms, in China around 200AD general Zhu Ge-Ling documented sicknesses and losses of military personnel after drinking from a river that was stained green. (Chorus Bartram, 1999) Examination of fossil algal specimens and historical reference compounding evidence that these event are not a new phenomenon and have been occurring in earth’s oceans for thousands if not millions of years. Recent finding from numerous long term studies conducted around the plan, world has brought a strong belief in the scientific community that algal blooms have been increasing in their frequency and geographic distribution. Contest! Even though most scientiest support the idea of a global increase of blooms and twith strong evidence supporting this theroy there is still a major dissagreement about what is causing the increase (Pelley, 1998). The apparent increase of environmental essay contest algal blooms, along with the global impacts on aquatic organisms, the environment, human health, and activities has increased interest and research being done on these events (Li et al.
2002; Van Dolah et al. , 2001). The exact characteristics and descriptions that define an algal bloom are fairly broad and very from source to source. Environmental Contest! I was unable to find a universal definition of algal blooms. The description and definition I came across were similar but differed in counseling psychology paper, many aspects; this included sizes, formation factors, impacts, and algal species. Overall algal blooms are generally defined significant increase in biomass due to a rapid reproduction of a single microalgal species.
The problem with this source is there can also be macroalgal blooms. Others described them as forming high density populations, with some species creating visible discoloration of the water. (Carstensen, Henriksen, Heiskanen, 2007; Diersing, 2009) Others define blooms by impacts they cause; displacing indigenes species, destroy habitat, oxygen depletion, and alter biochemical cycles. (Hoagland et al. , 2002) A more generalized definition was given by environmental contest Hallegraeff, adding that a bloom must have at least million cells per liter (Hallegraeff, 1993). The defining characteristic that differentiates a bloom from a harmful algal bloom is when they takes on a destructive roll and causes environment impacts. The term harmful is defined more specifically as causing negative impacts on the environment and adverse effects on both aquatic and terrestrial organisms. This is due to factors such as toxins they produce, specie specific cell physical structure causing damage to aquatic organisms or by accumulation of biomass affect naturally occurring organisms causing alterations food web dynamics and biochemical cycles (Anderson et al. 2002). Psychology! Depending on the species, some algae produce toxins that can affect crustaceans, fish, shellfish, birds and mammals including humans; nontoxic species can still causes damage by blocking light from contest, penetrating the counseling psychology paper, water column, clogging or damaging gills, and creating anoxic conditions from accelerated decomposition as they die off (Silver et al. , 2006; Sellner et al. , 2003) Harmful alga can also have impacts on shoreline coastal habitats, toxins can be transported onto the shore by sea spray (Hoagland et al. , 2002). There are over 5,000 know photoplanktonic algal species that inhabit the marine waters only environmental essay contest, a small portion, about 300 species are known to have blooming capabilities and even fewer, about 40-80 species or 2-3% of all photoplantonic algal species are known to have toxic chemicals producing capabilities; this includes members that form red tides (Hallegraeff, 1993; Smayda, 1997).
Nontoxic red tides are not uncommon, today people often incorrectly or mistakenly refer to toxic algal blooms as red tides even when brown, green or colorless (Anderson, 1994). Toxic and comparison contrast other harmful algal species are ubiquitous throughout the marine and freshwater environment; the majority of the time they present at low population densities that cause few, if any and only minor impacts on the environment and its local inhabitants (Van Dolah, 2000). There are a variety of different phycotoxins algal species are able to environmental essay, synthesize; individual species will only produce one type of toxin. The evolutionary advantages of these toxins are not fully understood; they are believed to play a role in bloom formation and predator protecting (Nehring, 1993). The different phycotoxins vary from one another in terms of the impacts and degree of damage they have on marine and terrestrial organisms, depending on the toxicity, the concentration, and the organisms. Toxicity vary among algal species Dinophysis is comparison contrast beowulf, one example, they have the ability to produce toxins that have negative effects at densities as low as 100 cells per environmental, L-1 (Sellner et al. , 2003).
The most toxic algal species are mainly found in dinoflagellets (Table 1) with some having toxicity greater than venomous snakes. Table 1. Toxicity of several phycotoxins created different organisms including algae. (Van Dolah, 2000) The taxonomic algal groups’ dinoflagellets, raphidophyetes, cynobactria, and some diatoms are known to have the capabilities of contrast essay phycotoxins production; these species are often the culprit behind harmful algal blooms. Phycotoxins are toxic chemicals created biologically by photosynthetic organisms. Dinoflagellets are one of the predominate species that forms red tides; members of this group also produce toxin that lead to foodborne illness and environmental human mortalities (Li et al. Business Plan! , 2002; Hallegraeff et al. 1995).
Human induced illnesses are not an uncommon result from consumption of environmental essay contest seafood. Many algal toxins are potentially dangerous and even deadly to humans. Toxins accumulate in tissues of organisms like shellfish, finfish, and crustaceans that come in contact with a toxic bloom. These species are usually far less affected by algal toxins having adaptive mechanisms that lower the effects on the organisms associated with toxic blooms. However toxins still accumulate within the tissues and detoxification can take weeks before they reach levels safe for human consumption. Algal toxins cause for concerns for humans not only because they maintain their toxicity long after the bloom but more importantly because they can withstanding heat from cooking. Algal toxin foodborne diseases are caused by various species or toxins and depressive come from different vectors. Essay! Bivalve vectors can induce human illness that include (Table 2) paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP), neurotoxic shellfish poisoning (NSP), amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP), diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP); other vectors can lead to various other diseases as well (Van Dolah, 2000). The popular term of red tide given to harmful algal bloom comes from compact, high densities of compare and contrast essay algal cells that containing red photosynthetic pigments, causing the water to environmental, appear red (Carstensen et al. , 2007). These toxic species can normally be found in low concentrations have no impacts on organisms and environment.
The adverse effects on organism often deepened on cell concentration; in comparison essay beowulf, blooms toxic algae aggregate and are more dangerous (Van Dolah, 2000). Some toxic algal species have developed unique life cycles and morphological characteristics that allow them to environmental essay, occupy a specific niche that will be further examined. Table 2. Foodborne and environmental disease caused by harmful algal species, the toxin produced and the primary vector they inhabit. (Van Dolah, 2000) Harmful algal species have many adverse impacts on bivalves’ this includes a wide range of sub-lethal and lethal effects; some algal species are more detrimental than others (Leverone, 2007). It is believed that increase frequency of contrast beowulf blooms is partially due to the introduction of non-indigenous algal species. Non-indigenous species potentially will create a specific niche, and/or out compete native species. Indigenous naturally occurring harmful algal species are far less direct effects on bivalves; this is because they have been able to naturally adapt to their presence over time. Native algal species in most case do not have as bad direct, detrimental impacts on shellfish and are usually not associated with large scale bivalve die off.
The exception to this is in cases of intense blooms (Matsuyama Shumway, 2009; Nehring, 1993; Zingone Enevoldsen, 2000). It’s still hard to truly say many large scale die-offs and essay contest increase sub-lethal impacts are directly due to non-indigenous algal species because identification is sometimes difficult, longer term data individual algal species geographic ranges are limited combined, and the theory anthropogenic factors are causing an overall increase in blooms. In many circumstance of HAB mortalities it’s difficult to differentiate whether they resulted from the algal specie or unfavorable water quality that coincide with blooms (Anderson et al. , 2002; Leverone, 2007). Complex morphology are found in many harmful algal species that helps protect them from abortion, predation and the environment and help obtain nutrients. Environmental! Diatom algae are members of the Bacillariophyceae class; they have been around for over 180 million years helping to create earth’s atmosphere and also play a major role in nutrient and chemical cycles. Over their evolutionary history diatoms have developed a variety of different exterior cellular morphology for protection from the environment and predation. They have a range of cell shapes and sizes and compare and contrast also form unique frustule cell walls made from silica.
The frustule cell wall is made up of essay two over lapping overlapping silica bands forming a protective shell. The 100,000 diatom species have developed “seeming infinite variations” of major disorder study cell wall micropatterns and structures; including ridges, spines and plates (Kroger Poulsen, 2008) These cellular morphological characteristics help protect them under adverse environmental conditions and restrict or prevent predation. Some species of diatoms have developed such strong cell walls with structural properties that enable them to survive ingestion and escape after passing through the digestive system. (Merkel, et al. 2003) The benefits of these structures do have negative effects and come at the expense of motile abilities, limits growth, and makes the cell very dense; motile restorations and high cell densities make diatoms much more likely to sink out of the high nutrient water column. Bloom Formation The intricacy of bloom formation is due to both the abiotic(environmental and anthropogenic factors) and biotic factors; these being the algae themselves. Adaptations of life cycle, morphology, and contest environmental conditions enable rapid reproduction of certain algal species that have developed specific niches (Sellner et al. 2003; Zingone Enevoldsen, 2000). Algal blooms formation driven by the complex relation between the environmental factors and algal species; although we understand the basics of formation there are still many unknowns. There are seemingly endless amounts of variables and factors that play a role in creating of a bloom.
The main driving factors of when and where a bloom forms are a combination of counseling psychology research environmental/anthropogenic factors (nutrient cycles and inputs) and algal morphology (Pinckney et al. , 1997; Sellner et al. Essay! ,2003). As simple as it sounds, there are countless variables including natural condition, anthropogenic effects, algal physiological and morphological characteristics that lead to the unpredictability and overall misunderstanding we still have on blooms. (Sellner et al. , 2003; Anderson, 1994) The belief that algal blooms are increasing in frequency and geographic range is abortion is morally wrong, a popular belief that is backed by numerous studies. The cause of this apparent increase has been attributed to the expanding human population (anthropogenic effects). Some still argue that the increase in blooms is due to the increase in contest, observations from studies worldwide, a better understanding of abortion wrong essay blooms and better record keeping; but with overwhelming evidence supporting the lateral it’s hard to essay, believe the human race is not playing a major roll. (Sellner et al. , 2003) Looking at the numer of literary reference to harmful algal bloom over 70 years(figure 1) shows a dramitic increase algal blooms from the 1920’s through late 1990’s (Hallegraeff, 1993). This also give arguments that increase research and business change plan technology contriubute to the increase ovserevd.
Figure 1. Environmental! Literary references of contest harmful algal blooms from contest, Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstract (AFSA) publications over about 70 years. Wrong! The increase can be attributed to a combination of anthropogenic factors or increased observations and present arguments for both sides. (Hallegraeff, 1993) Today we have an understanding of the natural environmental processes and factors that lead to bloom formation; but the environmental essay contest, effects humans apply to abortion is morally wrong essay, the environment alter the natural cycles making it more difficult to environmental essay contest, predict blooms (Paerl, 1988). Blooms occur under irregular conditions that promote growth and reproduction allowing some species to flourish. The conditions found in blooms broad and often species’ specific adding to the complexity and unpredictability of counseling research paper blooms. Environmental Essay Contest! In general the conditions associated with blooms are abundance (eutrophic), or an imbalance of nutrients, along with favorable water conditions (temperature, DO, salinity, etc. ). Natural processes like atmospheric deposition, water column turnover, upwelling, oceanic currents, storms, and anomalous weather events (El Nino) work together and fluctuate over time effecting mixing rates, water quality. Nutrients pools build up over time from organic decomposition in benthic sediment. Mixing of the sediment perelapses the nutrient pools and bring about eutrophic conditions or alter the water chemistry that enable specific species of comparison achilles algae to flourish (Sellner et al. , 2003; Van Dolah, 2000; Paerl, 1988). Natural mixing rates occur during regularly during temporal or seasonal with environmental fluxes or randomly from disturbances (natural anthropogenic). Environmental Essay Contest! Sediment mixing are very important environment processes, releasing nutrients back into the water column allowing for increased primary producer growth. Seasonal and temporal sediment mixing produce lead to the specific conditions that form blooms. Eutrophication has been defined as “an increase in supply of organic matter to the ecosystem; in terms of algal bloom this refers to an increase in nutrients that allows an comparison essay beowulf achilles, increase of primary production” (Bonsdorff et al. , 1997).
Three key nutrients, nitrates ammonia and phosphates are associated with eutrophication and environmental essay considered the driving forces behind bloom (Sheng, Jinghong, Shiqiang, Jixi, Dingyong, Ke, 2006). Research! The levels found in marine waters are driven naturally based on natural events discussed above. Studies have found a correlation between anthropogenic actives leading to nitrogen and phosphorus nutrient loading and the apparent increase in frequency of algal blooms along with alteration of essay natural nitrogen/phosphorus ratio (Bonsdorff et al. , 1997; Paerl, 2009). There are various anthropogenic activities that have led to the both local and counseling research paper global increase of nutrients in fresh and essay marine waters. Aquaculture is just one of many of these activities. Many studies have shown that aquaculture operations have byproducts that can cause eutrophic conditions. Nutrient loading from business change plan, aquaculture only has local effects and the amount of effects it causes is size dependent (Anderson et al. , 2002). Aquaculture and Nutrient Loading It is important to contest, understand the relationship between aquaculture and harmful algal blooms.
Additional nutrients from the is morally essay, feed used, effluent discharge, and waste products are some of the source that lead to nutrient loading (Tacon Forster, 2003). The amount of additional nutrients added to a system increases based on how intensive the operation is. HABs have wide spread negative impacts on aquaculture, the hope of significantly minimizing these impacts are still years away. To minimize the effects on aquaculture you must understand characteristics and dynamics of essay contest blooms, this includes the diversity of species involved and the factors associated with bloom formation. The apparent increase frequency and business plan geographic range of harmful algal blooms is very important to aquaculture because aquaculture plays a role in essay contest, helping create the conditions necessary for and egypt essay, bloom formation. Aquaculture operations provided year round nutrient inputs in environmental essay, a local aspect, this eliminates nutrient limitations in those areas (Bonsdorff et al. , 1997). This section will discuss and review the relationship aquaculture has with nutrient loading and eutrophication of the surrounding water. Nitrogen and phosphors are to key elements that take on various forms necessary for bloom formation. Both nitrogen and phosphors in the forms of nitrates, ammonia, phosphates and other compounds are byproducts of aquaculture. Algal growth is limited by nutrient availability, mainly based on availability of nitrogen and phosphors in the environment. Nitrogen in the forms of nitrates and ammonia are water soluble and essay beowulf enter the environmental essay, system from either dissolved feeds, effluent discharge, or from waste produced by fish.
Phosphates often accumulate mainly in the sediment and during mixing events are released into the water in high quantities (Karakassis, Pitta, Krom, 2005). Nutrient loading from aquaculture that leads to case study, eutrophic conditions come from several sources. The amount and source of the nutrients depends on the operation. Location of farm (open ocean, ponds, raceways etc. Contest! ), what is achilles, being cultured (shrimp, finfish, bivalves), what are the essay contest, inputs (feeds, fertilizer, etc. ) and how intensive the operation is. The source of local nutrient loading from major depressive study, aquaculture can be traced back to where the environmental, operation is counseling psychology paper, taking place.
Open ocean farming of finfish for instance causes eutrophic conditions right around the cages. On the other hand inland facilities such as pond systems and other flow through systems release effluent discharge causing nutrient in the and around the bodies of water they run into. The species being cultured also plays a major role. Bivalves for instance play a role in limiting algal growth by filter feeding, while finfish inputs and excreting essential nutrients in their waste is a major source of nutrients (Soto Mena, 1991). How intensive an operation is and the actual inputs into the system are directly related. The more intensive an operation the more inputs and the more inputs the essay, greater chance of hypernutrification and eutrophic conditions. Different operations require different inputs and these inputs have different nutrient atios. Culture of some juvenile finfish require fertilization to promote phytoplankton growth for feed this puts the essential nutrients for algal growth directly into the system.
The feeds used in aquaculture vary on the nutrients they are made up of, how stable they are and whether they float or sink. These factors are all in play in evolve, nutrient loading that come directly from essay contest, aquaculture (Islam, 2005). The effects of aquaculture feeds on and contrast and egypt, nutrient loading depend on several factors. There are three main factors these include; 1) the amount of wasted feed. This is due to poor farming and management practice and floating Vs. sinking feeds. Poor management practices means over or an improper feeding technique that puts more feed in contest, the water. Floating and sinking feed choices is also important.
Sinking feeds may not be eaten by finfish if they go through the bottom of a net or cage, or if they sit on the bottom. Environmental Contest! On the other hand floating feeds may be less stable or uneaten if they are transported out of essay contest a system or to a place where they are unable to be eaten. 2) The actual quality of the feed. This poor stability and high solubility of feed pellets in water mean that once they are in the water they will be broken down and release more and nutrients and in less time. The final factor is deals is loosely related to essay, the previous two. 3) Once the feed is ingested factors such as limitations of absorption and retention of the nutrients from the essay contest, feed. This factor deals mainly with poor digestibility or metabolism of the species being culture to the feed they are given.
The nutrients in the feeds many not be utilized to their full potential once ingested fish will excrete the excess nutrients (Soto Mena, 1991). Feed and counseling psychology nutrient inputs play a major role in nutrient loading and creating the conditions that promote algal growth either directly in the form of uneaten feeds or nutrients leaching or dissolving from the feeds, or indirectly from the digestion, metabolism and waste products from the species being cultured (Tacon Forster, 2003). Environmental! The important of feeds in nutrient loading must not be overlooked one study estimated that 70% of phosphorus and 30-50% of nitrogen in feeds is not utilized by business plan fish and environmental is released into the environment (Soto Mena, 1991). This only shows two of the most essential nutrients associated with bloom formation and not the various other nutrients that are also released and are important for algal growth. This also shows the significance of feeds based on the large amount of psychology nutrients that are not utilized and instead entering the environment, promoting algal growth.
Over all aquaculture farm operations lead to excessive amounts of inorganic and environmental organic fertilizer, feeds, and wastes that are put into local water bodies with high concentrations nutrient, that lead to nutrient loading and eutrophic conditions. Discussion and research paper Conclusions Aquaculture over the last several decades has grown globally in both its production and popularity. Contest! In the future aquaculture will continue to grow in its importance to the human population as alternative food source to agriculture and wild fisheries, as well as helping with the depleted ocean stocks. As of now it appear that we will be seeing an increase in counseling research paper, aquaculture around the world in the years to come. Although there are many benefits to aquaculture and the potential of increased production may have we must measure the benefits against the environment impacts they cause.
Nutrient loading is just one of the environmental impacts associated with aquaculture and the effects of nutrient loading go beyond promotion of algal blooms. The global increase in aquaculture coincides with the apparent increase in harmful algal. Although there are many other anthropogenic factors that are at play in global nutrient loading aquaculture is a major local point-source form. We must understand the essay contest, specific conditions that are associated blooms and the role aquaculture plays along with how complex and diverse blooms can if we hope to develop mechanisms that can significantly reduce the impacts on aquaculture. I choose the topic of research paper harmful algal blooms and aquaculture effects of nutrient loading because it fits in perfect with our class: aquaculture and the environment.
The purpose of this paper was to gain a general understanding of harmful algal blooms, and also to essay contest, review the factors of aquaculture that lead to nutrient loading, eutrophic conditions, and the aid in bloom formation. Abortion Is Morally Wrong Essay! This topic caught my attention because of similar topics I’ve cover and work I’ve done this semester in this class and others classes. Harmful algal blooms in general are very interesting because of the essay, diversity of blooms, the range of effects they have, how unique the species involved are, and comparison contrast beowulf because of the complexity and over all lack of understanding have in factors of bloom formation. The purpose of this class included reviewing the impact of environmental essay aquaculture on the environment and methods of reducing or eliminating those impacts. This paper focuses on harmful algal blooms and how aquaculture creates conditions that promoted bloom formation.
I focused a great deal of this paper on harmful algal blooms because if you hope to minimize the impacts they cause you must appreciate and understand their complexity and also understand the environmental, relation they have with aquaculture. The purpose of this paper was not to contest, examine direct ways in contrast essay beowulf achilles, which to minimize nutrient inputs of harmful algal blooms but the information given on harmful algal blooms and the role aquaculture plays in promoting bloom formation is useful to future studies and contest reviews focusing on ways to minimize the contest, impacts of HABs on aquaculture and help reduce the factors of aquaculture that promote harmful bloom formation. Bibliography Anderson, D. M. (1994). Red Tides. Scientific American Vol. 271, No. 2, 52-58. Anderson, D. M. Environmental Essay! , Glibert, P. M. , Burkholder, J. Change! M. (2002). Harmful Algal Blooms and Eutrophication: Nutrient Sources, Composition, and Consequences . Estuaries Vol. 25, No.
4b, 704-726. Anderson, D. , Andersen , P. , Bricelj, V. , Cullen, J. , Rensel, J. (2001). Environmental Contest! Monitoring and Management Strategies for Harmful Algal Blooms in Coastal Waters. Paris: UNESCO. Environmental! Bonsdorff, E. , Blomqvist, E. M. Environmental Contest! , Mattila, J. , Norkko, A. (1997). Coastal Eutrophication: Causes, Consequences and business change plan Perspectives in the Archipelago Areas of the Northern Baltic Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and environmental contest Shelf Science Vol. 44, Sup. A, 63-72.
Bonsdorff, E. , Blomqvist, E. , Mattila, J. , Norkko, A. (1997). Abortion Wrong Essay! Coastal Eutrophication: Causes, Consequences and Perspectives in the Archipelago Areas of the Northern Baltic Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Vol. 44. Burkholder, J. , Glasgow, H. (1997). Trophic Controls on essay contest, Stage Transformation of a Toxic Ambush-Predatior Dinoflagellate. Journal of Eukaryotic and Microbiology Vol. 44, Issue 3, 200-205. Carstensen, J. , Henriksen, P. Change Plan! , Heiskanen, A. Contest! -S. (2007).
Algal Blooms in Shallow Estuaries: Definition, Mechanisms, and Link to compare and contrast and egypt essay, Eutrophication. Limnology and Oceanography, Vol. 52, No. 1, 370-384. Chorus , I. , Bartram, J. (1999). Environmental Essay! Toxic Cyanobacteria in Water: A guide to environmental essay contest, their public health consequences, . London: E FN spon . Diersing, N. (2009). Phytoplankton Blooms: The Basics. Florida keys: NOAA. Gerssen, A. , Pol-Hofstad, I. E. Environmental Essay Contest! , Poelman, M. Wrong Essay! , Mulder, P. P. , Van Den Top, H. J. , Boer, J. (2010).
Marine Toxins: Chemistry, Toxicity, Occurrence and essay contest Detection,. Toxins Vol. 2, 878-904. Gilbert , P. M. , Burkholder, J. M. Psychology! (2006). The Complex Relationships Between Increases in environmental, Fertilization of the Earth, Coastal Eutrophication and major disorder evolve Proliferation of Harmful Algal Blooms. Ecological Studies Vol. Environmental Essay! 189, 331-354. Major Depressive Disorder Case Study Evolve! Hallegraeff, G. M. (1993).
A Review of Harmful Algal Blooms and their Apparent Global Increase*. Phycologia Vol. Environmental Contest! 32 No. 2, 79-99. Hallegraeff, G. Counseling Psychology Research! M. (1993). Global Increase of Harmful Algal Blooms. Environmental! Phycologia 32(2). Hallegraeff, G. M. , Anderson, D. Contrast Beowulf! M. , Cembella, A. D. (1995).
Manual on environmental, Harmful Marnie. Paris: UNESCO. Hallengraeff, G. M. Environmental! (1995). Harmful Algal Blooms: A Global Overview. In G. M. Hallegraeff , D. M. Anderson , A. D. Essay! Cembella, Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae. Paris: UNESCO. Comparison Contrast Beowulf Achilles! Hegaret, H. , Mirella da Silva, P. , Wikfors, G. H. , Haberkorn, H. , Shumway, S. E. , Soudant, P. (2011). In Vitro Interatction Between Several Species of contest Harmful Algae and Haemocytes of Bivalve Molluscs.
Cell Biology and Toxicology Vol. 27 No. 4, 249-266. Hegaret, H. Compare And Egypt Essay! , Shumway, S. , Wikfors, G. , Pate, S. Essay Contest! , Burkholder, J. (2008). Potential Transport of Harmful Algae via Relocation of Bivavle Molluscs. Marine Ecology Progress Series Vol. 361 , 169-179.
Hoagland, P. , Anderson, D. Is Morally Wrong! M. , Kaoru, Y. , White, A. M. (2002). The Economic Effects of Harmful Algal Blooms in the United . Estuaries Vol. 25, No. 4b, 819-837. Islam, S. Environmental Contest! (2005). Nitrogen and Phosphorus Budget in Coastal and Marine Cage Aquaculture and Impacts of essay beowulf Efflent Loading on Ecosytem: Review and Analysis towards Model Development. Marine Pollution Bulletin Vol. 50.
Karakassis, I. Environmental Contest! , Pitta, P. , Krom, M. (2005). Contribution of and contrast mesopotamia Fish Farming to the Nutrient Loading of the Mediterranean. Science Maria Vol. 9. Keyhani, N. Essay Contest! , Roseman, S. (1998). Physiological Aspects of Chitin Catabolism in Marine Bactria. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) General Subjects Vol.
1473 Issue 1, 108-122. Kroger, N. , Poulsen, N. (2008). Diatoms—From Cell Wall Biogenesis to Nanotechnology. Annual Review of Genetics Vol. Compare And Contrast Essay! 42, 83-107. Contest! Lansberg, J. (2002). The Effects of Harmful Algal Blooms on Aquatic Organisms . Reviews in Fisheries Science Vol. 10, No. 2, 113-390. Leverone, J. Counseling Research Paper! R. (2007). Comparative Effects of the Toxic Dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis, on Bivalve Molluscs from Florida.
Graduate School These and Dissertation , University of South Florida, Biological and Oceanography. Lewitus, A. , Horner, R. , Caron, D. , Garcia-Mendoza, E. , Hickey, B. Environmental Essay Contest! , Hunter, M. , et al. (2012). Harmful algal blooms along the North American west coast region:. Abortion Is Morally Wrong Essay! Harmful Algae 19, 133-159. Li, S. -C. , Wang, W. -X. , Hsieh, D. P. (2002). E? ects of toxic dino? agellate Alexandrium. Environmental Essay Contest! Marine Environmental Research Vo. 53, 145-160. Depressive! Matsuyama, Y. , Shumway, S. (2009). Impacts of Harmful Algal Blooms on Shellfish Aquaculture.
Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing . Essay Contest! Merkel, R. Hamm, C. E. , Springer, O. , Jurkojc, P. , Maire, C. , Prechtel, K. Environmental Essay! , et al. (2003). Environmental Essay Contest! Architecture and Material Properties of Diatom Shells Provide Effective Mechanical Protection. Nature Vol 421, 841-843. Nehring, S. (1993). Mechanisms for Recurrent Nuisance Algal Blooms in Coastal Zones: Resting Cycst Formation as Life-Strategy of wrong Dinoflagellates.
Proceedings of the International Coastal Congress ICC Kiel 192. (pp. 454-467). Berlin: Peter Lang Publishing. Paerl, H. W. (1988). Nuisance Phytoplankton Blooms in Coastal, estuarine, and environmental contest Inland Waters. Environmental Essay Contest! Limnology and Oceanography, Vol. 3, No. 4, Part 2, 823-847. Paerl, H. W. (2009).
Controlling Eutrophication alng the Freshwater-Marine Continuum: Dual Nutrient (N and P) Reduction are Essential. Estuaries and Coasts Vol. 32, 593-601. Pelley, J. (1998). What is causing Toxic Algal Bloom? Anvironmental Science technology Vol. 32, No. 1, 26-30. Pinckney, J. L. , Millie, D. F. , Vinyard, B. T. , Paerl, H. W. (1997). Environmental Controls of Phytoplankton Bloom Dynamics in contest, the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina, U. S. A. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Vol.
54, 2491-2501. Sellner, K. G. Doucette, G. J. , Kirkpatrick, G. J. (2003). Harmful Algal Blooms: Causes, Impacts and Detection. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol Vol. 30, 383-406. Sheng, Z. , Jinghong, L. Comparison Contrast Essay Achilles! , Shiqiang, W. , Jixi, G. , Dingyong, W. , Ke, Z. (2006). Impact of Aquaculture on Eutrophication in essay, Changshou Reservoir.
Chinese Journal of Geochemistry. Silver, M. , Kudela, R. , Roberts, K. (2006). Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs). California: Center for Integrated Marine Technologies (CeNCOOS). Smayda, T. J. (1997). Disorder Case! Harmful Algal Blooms: Their Ecophysiology and General Relevance to Phytoplankton Blooms.
Limnology and Oceanography Vol. 42 No. Environmental! 5, 1136-1153. Smayda, T. J. , Reynolds, C. S. Comparison Contrast Essay! (2001). Community Assmbly in Marine Phytoplankto: Application of Recent Models to Harmful Dinoflagellate Blooms. Journal of Plankton Research Vol.
23, No. 5, 447-461. Soto, D. , Mena, G. (1991). Essay! Filter Feeding by Freshwater Mussel, Diplodon Chilensis, as a Biocontrol of Salmon Farming Eutrophication. Aquaculture Vol. 171, 65-81. Tacon, A. , Forster, I. (2003). Compare And Contrast And Egypt Essay! Aquafeeds and the Environment: Policy Implications. Aquaculture Vol. 226.
Thouzeau, G. Chauvaud, L. , Paulet, Y. -M. Contest! (1998). Effects of Environmental Factors on the Daily Growthrate of Pecten maximus Juveniles in the Bay of Brest (France). Journal of abortion wrong essay Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol. 227 Isu. 1, 83-111. Tran, D. , Haberkorn, H. , Soudant, P. , Ciret, P. , Massabuau, J. Environmental Contest! -C. (2010). Behavioral Responses of Crassostrea gigas Exposed to the Harmful Algal Alexandrium minutum. Counseling Psychology! Aquaculture Vol.
298 Issues 3-4, 338-345. Van Dolah, F. M. , RoeIke, D. Essay! , Greene, R. M. Comparison Contrast Essay Achilles! (2001). Health and Ecological Impacts of environmental contest Harmful Algal. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: Vol. 7, No. 5, pp, 1329-1345.
Van Dolah, F. M. (2000). Marine Algal Toxins: Origins, Health Effects, and Their Increased Occurrence. Environmental Health Perspectives Vo. 108, No. Counseling Paper! 1, 133-141. Villareal, T. (1988).
Positive Bouyancy in the Ocean Diatom Rhizosoenia debyana H. Peragallo. Environmental Essay Contest! Deep-Sea Research. Part A. Comparison Contrast Essay Achilles! Oceanographic Research Papers Vol. Contest! 35, No. 6, 1037-1045. Walsby, A. Plan! , Bleything, A. (1988). The Bimensions of Cyanobacterial Gas Vesicles in Relation to their Efficiency in Providing Buoyancy and Withstanding Pressure. Environmental Essay Contest! ournal of environmental contest General Microbiology Vol. 134, No. 10, 2635-2645.
Wayne, L. , Vandersea, M. , Kibler, S. , Madden, V. , Noga, E. , Tester, P. (2002). Life Cyle of the environmental, Heterotrophic Dinoflagellate Pfiesteria piscicida (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology Vol. 38, No. 3, 442-463. Xie, Y. , Hu, B. , Wen, C. , Mu, S. (2011). Morphology and Phagocytic Ability of Hemocytes from Cristaria plicata. Contrast! Aquaculture Vol. Essay Contest! 310 Issues 3-4, 245-251. Zingone, A. Achilles! , Enevoldsen, H. O. (2000).
The diversity of harmful algal blooms: a challenge. Ocean Coastal Management. Haven’t found what you want? 12-22 Newhall St, Birmingham B3 3AS, UK [emailprotected] Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?
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21 Basic Resumes Examples for Students and essay contest New Graduates. Written by Neil O’Donnell. Published July 5th, 2017. Neil O’Donnell, CPCC is a nationally certified career coach whose experience includes over 15 years of environmental career counseling experience in environmental contest, addition to his having written thousands of résumés and cover letters. Working with professionals around the counseling psychology research, globe, Neil helps recent graduates and seasoned professionals alike in achieving their career dreams. Let’s face it, writing résumés is a daunting task, especially for undergraduates or recent college or high school graduates. Admittedly, one of the biggest complaints I often hear from such entry job seekers is environmental essay contest, that no one showed them how to write a résumé or curriculum vitae. Would it make you feel better to know that most teachers and professors don’t honestly know how to write a good résumé?
Truthfully, most colleges have a career center, which students are repeatedly informed about, but students rarely utilize the services at abortion, such centers before or after graduation. Environmental Essay? Hello! All graduates should make contact with their alma mater’s career center, because such centers usually offer free or low-cost résumé writing, basic resume examples, and interview preparation services! That said, let’s get to the heart of the environmental, issue. How do you write a good résumé for typical undergraduate/new graduate needs? Here are 4 basic resume examples, guidelines, and templates to help you out. 1. Contest? Sample Resume for essay, an Internship.
Most internships require a student provide a résumé and cover letter, but students often are frightened by environmental this as they usually don’t have any experience related to the internship. Beowulf? Most employers are not expecting you to environmental essay contest have extensive experience because an compare mesopotamia essay internship is usually the first experience students have in their field. As for essay contest, the structure of a résumé for internships, much of the design is consistent with my previous guidance. However, a few things of are more routine when it comes to an internship résumé. First, as a person seeking an internship often has little or no professional experience, volunteer experience can be vital. Because, such experience can show a hiring manager or internship coordinator that you are a go-getter. You’d be amazed at the amount of employers across most fields place a great deal of value on volunteer experience, especially since a lot of volunteer responsibilities connect with the responsibilities of essay professionals. For instance, if you volunteered at a foodbank, you would likely perform a mix of duties from handling inventory, keeping records of where food was shipped, and interacting with those in needs by environmental essay contest providing directions on where to go to obtain food.
Such experience translates into environmental customer service and office operations experience. Considering that MOST interns end up doing a lot of filing work and call monitoring, the essay, volunteer experience is huge. In addition to professional and or volunteer experience, I recommend internship seeking individuals include a summary of qualifications section (placed before the experience section) to identify skills they have that best match with the job and/or highlight skillsets that suggest the would-be intern would excel in the workplace (aka not be lazy). Many of psychology research us have had nightmare experiences with interns. So, any qualifications that could point towards you being a dedicated worker will likely help your case. In the qualifications section, also include coursework you completed that is environmental contest, relevant to the major/internship setting. For a business major seeking sales/accounting experience, it would be prudent to list courses you completed that connect with business, accounting, statistics, and contrast essay achilles economics. See the included Internship résumé for essay contest, a full example. 2. Sample Resume for a Part-time Position.
College students need to essay contest pay bills while professionals making little more than minimum wage need to find ways to make ends meet. This is essay contest, often where a part-time job comes into environmental contest play. Part-time jobs most often are connected to essay contest the service industry, though sales, medical tech, and administrative jobs often fill this void as well. In most of these instances, training on abortion the job is key so a relevant degree is not usually necessary (although pursuing a relevant degree could provide an essay advantage. For part-time work, it is important to keep a few things in mind. First, if you have an advanced degree (a Masters or higher), you should consider dropping that from the résumé.
Because, employers might see your advanced degree and figure you will only stay long enough until you find something better (better pay or better benefits). Also, if you have extensive experience, you should limit what is on your résumé to the last ten years. Too much experience may also suggest to an employer that you won’t be there long. Undergraduates and essay recent high school graduates don’t usually have these issues, but older workers seeking employment (especially after a layoff), could very well find themselves battling such hurdles. Again, including a ‘Summary of Qualifications’ section is a good idea when seeking part-time work as it can highlight skillsets you have relevant to the work being completed. For part-time jobs, especially those in the service industry, your education can be placed at essay contest, the end (and in many cases, it should be last as pursuit of compare and egypt essay a college degree may make a hiring manager hesitate in hiring you for fear that you are only going to environmental essay be there a short time. Lastly, as with the internship résumé, those with little experience should consider including volunteer experience to essay beowulf achilles help fill up one full page for the résumé. Environmental? See the example for an individual seeking part-time work as a sales associate, positions many undergraduates seek out while in college. 3. Sample Resume for an Entry Level Job. Again, applying for psychology paper, entry-level positions, a hiring manager is not going to expect applicants to environmental contest have extensive experience.
For recent college graduates, including a list of major study relevant coursework is a good thing to consider as employers like to hiring individuals with up to date knowledge relevant to the field, particularly in tech fields. I also believe listing relevant technological proficiencies is environmental essay, crucial as many older employers often have limited experience in computer programming and repair. As someone who has always efforted to stay on top of technological advancements, I can attest to the fact that tech-proficient individuals are a hot commodity. For those with a great deal of is morally essay experience and advanced degrees who are seeking an entry-level position, drop the essay, advanced degree and only include last ten years of experience. 4. Compare And Contrast Essay? Basic Sample Resume for No Experience.
For those without any experience, building a résumé is not so easy. Things that can help in such situations are volunteer experience, relevant coursework from essay school, and a job objective. Frankly, most of us who are professional résumé writers do not use job objectives, but when in comparison achilles, need of environmental contest filling a page, an objective can come in comparison contrast essay achilles, handy. Just make certain your resume objective is focused on the job you are applying to (i.e. “To obtain a line cook position at the Cityview Restaurant). Adding a summary of qualifications section where you highlight your computer proficiencies and environmental essay contest “soft” skills can help as well (soft skills including thriving in a team environment, conflict resolution, good communications skills, and organization). If you participated in activities at paper, high school or college, including those experiences could also be a great addition, especially if you served in a position such as president, treasurer or secretary. For those with no experience, staying at your first job for essay contest, a few years is important to build a foundation for future success.
Getting a new job every year looks bad on a résumé and will hurt your chances of being hired in business plan, the future. Armed with this advice, know that every field/major requires a different focus on what to highlight in a résumé, particularly with regards to skillsets. Asking a professor for an example of her/his résumé would provide a good foundation to start with. Additionally, the environmental essay contest, following samples offer a glimpse at and contrast mesopotamia essay, what a solid résumé would look like.
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Favourite Author Enid Blyton Essays and Research Papers. ?My Favourite Author “A person who has good thoughts cannot ever be ugly. You can have a wonky nose and a crooked mouth and a . double chin and contest, stick-out teeth, but if you have good thoughts, they will shine out of your face like sunbeams and you will always look lovely.” -Roald Dahl Roald Dahl has written numerous children’s books in contrast beowulf achilles, his career as a writer. He had fun playing around with. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory , Child , Chocolate 736 Words | 3 Pages. ‘Death of the Author ’ Analysis Roland Barthes is environmental contest, a French literary philosopher born in 1915. In one of his theories ‘Death of the . author ’ he argues that by “giving a text an author is to impose a limit on that text”. He claims that having knowledge of the author’s background and purpose for major depressive case evolve, the text restricts the readers imaginative license to build their own interpretations, and that the author and text are completely unrelated. Essay! Barthes declares, The death of the author is the birth of disorder study the. Literary theory , Literature , Poetry 878 Words | 3 Pages. An analysis evaluates what a piece of environmental writing is trying to do.
In order to do that, you will have to comparison essay beowulf, decide what the essay contest author is trying to say . and who they are trying to persuade to agree with them. In addition, you will need to examine the social and cultural context and major disorder evolve, point in time when the piece of environmental essay contest writing was produced. Finally, you will need to explain how well the author fulfilled their purpose.? What sort of an business plan Analysis Essay are you being asked to write? Share in the comments about your. Article , Critical thinking , Essay 886 Words | 4 Pages. prominence of alcoholism in American literature, at least in contest, the first half of the twentieth century, and environmental essay contest, the relationship between great . authors and alcoholism has become somewhat of a literary cliche. Icons such as Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner, Tennessee Williams, and Jack Kerouac are as famous for their work as they are infamous for environmental contest, their drinking habits. Counseling Research! These authors have created a legend out of themselves just from their notorious habits of drinking. Of the seven native-born Americans awarded. Alcohol abuse , Alcoholism , American literature 1925 Words | 5 Pages.
My favourite book. For years, teachers and parents have been worried about comics, the cinema, television, and now the Internet. They . all stop children reading, they say. However, it now seems that children are reading more than ever. Reading habits have changed, because there is now lots of competition from other media, but I think that reading is essay contest, still popular. The reading is very important for plan, me because book is cognitive. When I read a book I recognize something interesting, I get. American Civil War , Ashley Wilkes , Clark Gable 936 Words | 3 Pages. nation’s attention should be invited to Sardar Patel’s concrete and constructive contribution in various areas of Indian polity and administration. Sardar . Patelji, the first Home Minister of free India, was a remarkable personality and essay contest, he is my favourite leader for his innumerable qualities. There is no one in modern India who has achieved so much in so many directions and in such a short time as Sardar Patel.
At the time of his death, the Manchester Guardian wrote that without Patel, Gandhiji’s. Gujarat , History of India , India 918 Words | 3 Pages. from big corporations” the author is aiming to abortion is morally, convince and contest, explain to the audience why shoplifting is not a bad thing and why he or she does . it. And Contrast! In this article the environmental author gives their personal opinion and abortion, feelings on environmental essay contest, shoplifting, saying “It is an entirely different sensation than the one I feel when I buy something”. Essay Contest! The author convinces his or her audience by contest giving thoughts and explanations that perceive to the audience with ethos, logos and pathos, as a result the author persuades the audience. Corporation , Corporations , Emotion 1215 Words | 3 Pages. Is Everyone an psychology Author ? Authors do not always have to essay contest, be people who write best-selling books or have published news articles; . Psychology Research Paper! they don’t even have to write something at all.
Painters, chefs, and musicians can all author compositions. An author , as described by environmental essay contest the textbook, Everyone’s An Author , is someone whose piece can be viewed by a large group of people and critiqued by anyone. This critique is a result of rhetoric. Rhetoric, “language that is compare and contrast mesopotamia and egypt essay, intended to influence people,” helps the author’s. Audience , Audience theory , Ethos 997 Words | 2 Pages. My Favourite Author Chetan Bhagat.
Chetan Bhagat - Indian Author and Script Writer Chetan Bhagat is an Indian Author who has published 5 Best Selling Novels. Essay Contest! He . graduated from the IIT Delhi (1991-1995) and completed his post graduation from IIM Ahmadabad (1995-1997). Chetan Bhagat is known for his simple way of narration. His first Novel Five Point Someone was published in the year 2004, followed by comparison contrast essay beowulf One Night @ Call Center in 2005,Three Mistakes of my Life in essay contest, 2008, 2 States : The Story of major depressive study my Marriage in 2009 and Revolution 2020 . 3 Idiots , Aamir Khan , Bollywood 544 Words | 2 Pages. reading them. Environmental! But one which has pleased me most is Munshi Prem Chand’s ‘Godaan’. ‘Godaan’, is Prem Chand’s master-piece and ranks very high in the world . of fiction. The book portrays the life of the poor villagers – Hari, Dhania and research paper, tohers.
The author felt the problems of the villagers and placed them before us honestly. Closely connected with their lives is the environmental essay picture of the town people – Meassrs Khanna and Mehta and contrast beowulf, ladies. Like Gobindi, Malti and others. They are a contrast to the lives of. Hanuman , Lakshmana , Lanka 1577 Words | 4 Pages. Section 3: Authors Note Having an essay opportunity to commit yourself to someone that you love is awe inspiring but one homosexual are currently . Beowulf Achilles! band from experiencing. Homosexuals are denied the right to show each other’s love for one another and in essay contest, some countries they have to suffer a consequence (The Human Rights Campaign, 2012).In Senegal, West Africa the penal code criminalizes sexual acts “against” nature by five year imprisonment and a fine, (ILGA, 2009). This is a direct breach of article 1 of. Africa , Amnesty International , Homosexuality 1378 Words | 3 Pages. storytelling is definitely worth recommending, and contest, plus the fact that she is able to portray and chronicle Indian life with such ease and lucidity in the . English language makes her a distinguished author . But what makes In Custody special is not merely the Indian life and the signature style of the author that it so skilfully depicts, but the story itself. The message in the story is inherent and should be read by everyone in the subcontinent.
How Urdu is getting trampled by Hindi in India and how. India , Indian English literature , Indian novelists 2519 Words | 7 Pages. We all struggle with our own immortality, many authors use death to declare their thoughts and beliefs on what it feels like, and what happens . during the process of environmental contest death. Stories such as Dorothy Richardson’s “Death” and Katherine Anne Porter’s “The Jilting of business change plan Granny Weatherall”, use a stream of environmental essay conscious narration to get across to research paper, the reader that death is different and one in environmental essay, the same for everyone. Richardson and Porter use the stream of consciousness to add depth to their characters, and to tell. Consciousness , Death , Emotion 1740 Words | 4 Pages. The life of Edgar Allan Poe, as the lives of contrast essay many other authors , was filled with tragedies that all influenced his writings. From the very . Essay Contest! beginning of his writing career, he loved writing poems for the loves of his life. Later, when he reached adulthood and contest, realized the harsh realities of life, his writing became darker and environmental, more disturbing, perhaps due to his excessive alcohol intake.
His horror stories remain some of the scariest stories ever written, and, because of business change plan this, some have speculated. Annabel Lee , Edgar Allan Poe , Eliza Poe 1380 Words | 4 Pages. Litature is a major contributory factor in a decade. In the 70s there were several break-out authors who we still read and look up to environmental essay, today. . Among them are John Updike, Joyce Carol Oates, Kurt Vonnegut, Toni Morrison, Neil Simon, Sam Sheperd, Agatha Christie, Robert C. Atkins, Christina Crawford, Richard Nixon, Carl Sagan, and Stephen King. Major Depressive Disorder Evolve! Robert C. Atkins is responsible for the Atkins Diet which has taken America by essay storm. Christina Crawford is essay achilles, responsible for the book Mommie Dearest, which. 'Salem's Lot , American novelists , Cornell University 1771 Words | 5 Pages. in a fix. • I could give up my favourite activity to take care of my parents. Environmental! • I can discuss my personal problems with my father. • I don’t . feel embarrassed to express my feeling for my parents. • I hate my parents when they do not allow me to have my way. • I feel that my parents love my sister/brother more than me. • I’d rather celebrate my birthday with my parents than with my friends. Read the passage and answer the questions that follow: Enid Blyton was born in plan, London in 1897, the. Child , Children's literature , Enid Blyton 1704 Words | 5 Pages. 9/17/12 Essa on M Favourite Teacher H OME A B OU T SI TE P RESERV E OU R A RTI CLE CONTENT QU A LI T GU I DELI NES DI . SCLA I MER TOS CONTA CT U GUIDELINES About Site Content Qualit Guidelines Terms of Service Privac Polic Disclaimer Cop right Recent Articles Essa on M Favourite Teacher ROHIT AGARWAL De igne Sa ee Online sare e sba aar.com /Sare e s-183.htm l Bu Latest Designer Sarees Online.
Free Shipping WorldWide. Order now! O ganic Fa ming www.acre. All rights reserved , Casting , Copyright 595 Words | 4 Pages. 2/24/2014 Focusing on the POSITIVES of essay contest Dharavi: Rashmi Bansal - Rediff.com Print this article Focusing on counseling, the POSITIVES of Dharavi: Rashmi Bansal . Last updated on: August 21, 2012 19:36 IST In an interview with Rediff.com, bestselling author Rashmi Bansal talks about her new book, Poor Little Rich Slum (co-authored by Deepak Gandhi) and just why Dharavi is such an important part of Mumbai. You've probably heard of environmental essay Dharavi; it's impossible not to have. If you're living in Mumbai. Book , Mumbai , Slum 1954 Words | 7 Pages.
My Favourite Day of the Week I cannot say which day of the environmental essay week is my favourite day because it is essay, unknown how a day would end . Comparison Essay! up. But still, school days are never days that I look forward to. School, homework and tuition classes burdens me. Excluding the essay contest schooldays, only depressive disorder case evolve Friday or Saturday would be my choice. The day I like the most, is Saturday. Saturday is perfectly placed at the last day of the week. As usual in the morning I would have to go to school for co-curriculum activities. Those activities. Chasing Lights , Frankie Sandford , Piano 875 Words | 3 Pages. birth to essay contest, a son.
For the depressive disorder case study first time in environmental, her life, she feels truly needed, connected, and strong. Maya has overcome her many struggle and abortion wrong, come of age. (Angelou; . 1970) Angelou went on to write various other poetic works. She has become an acclaimed author , poet, and director. She has overcome many obstacles in essay, life to achieve her status today. She was a black woman, single mother during a time when neither was expectable. She faced struggles that many of comparison beowulf achilles us today could not handle. In her poem And. Black people , Family , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings 1277 Words | 3 Pages. an Author ? Michel Foucault (1926 ? 1984) dealt with many aspects of social philosophy during his career, but it is his philosophy . Environmental Essay Contest! surrounding the role and dominance of the author in modern literature that this essay aims to deal with. From the 19th century onwards, Foucault notices that through social and political frameworks, the essay contest presence of an author vastly dominates the content and categorisation of any publication of that author . He also throws into question the essay contest idea of when an author becomes.
Anonymous work , Discourse , Literature 1746 Words | 5 Pages. Roland Barthes “the Death of the Author” ROLAND BARTHES “THE DEATH OF THE AUTHOR ” Barthes opens with a quote from contrast Balzac’s novel Sarrasine where the author offers a . description of a “castrato disguised as a woman” (142): This was woman herself, with her sudden fears, her irrational whims, her instinctive worries, her impetuous boldness, her fussings, and her delicious sensibility. (Qts. in Barthes, 142) Stereotypes aside, Barthes’ concern here is with “W ho is speaking thus” (142) in the novel: the “hero of the story” (142)? “Balzac. Grammatical person , Literary criticism , Literary theory 1923 Words | 5 Pages. The Connection Between Audience and Author. In the contest world of literature, various authors often utilize an assortment of comparison contrast essay unique writing tools to develop a strong relationship between . Environmental Essay Contest! him/herself and is morally, the reader. This relationship between author and audience is the most important that an author must consider when writing his/her literature.
Especially true in detective fiction, authors are frequently searching for matchless ways to keep their audience involved and searching for environmental essay contest, the next piece of evidence. This is particularly the case when dealing. Crime fiction , Detective fiction , Edgar Allan Poe 1242 Words | 4 Pages. Is the author really dead? “The birth of the reader must be at the cost of the death of the Author .” – Roland . Barthes Must the author be dead to make way for the birth of the reader? In his essay “The Death of the Author ,” Roland Barthes asserts that the author is environmental essay contest, dead because he/she is no longer a part of the deep structure in environmental contest, a particular text. To him, the author does not create meaning in the text: one cannot explain a text by knowing about the person who wrote. Author , Death , Literary criticism 1058 Words | 3 Pages. Roland Barthes the Death of the compare mesopotamia essay Author. Death of the Author In his story Sarrasine, Balzac, speaking of a castrato disguised as a woman, writes this sentence: It was Woman, with her . Environmental! sudden fears, her irrational whims, her instinctive fears, her unprovoked bravado, her daring and her delicious delicacy of feeling Who is speaking in this way?
Is it the story's hero, concerned to contrast beowulf, ignore the castrato concealed beneath the woman? Is it the man Balzac, endowed by essay his personal experience with a philosophy of Woman? Is it the author Balzac, professing. Grammatical person , Linguistics , Literary criticism 2366 Words | 6 Pages. Who is the Author of the Wilmot Proviso? not the psychology author of the Wilmot Proviso, but the spokesperson. The true author of the Wilmot Proviso, is Jacob Brinkerhoff. In his . document of The Wilmot Proviso Revised, he hypothesizes that possibly David Wilmot may not be the author of this Proviso, but member of the House of contest Representatives, Jacob Brinkerhoff of Ohio claims to be the psychology research paper true author of the Proviso. There is also another author , Charles Buxton Going that argues Wilmot is environmental essay contest, truly the author of the Wilmot Proviso. Wrong Essay! Both authors have very.
American Civil War , David Wilmot , Jacob Brinkerhoff 1600 Words | 5 Pages. My Favourite City My favourite place is Hyderabad. I like it for it’s culture, location, good connectivity with other cities, . somewhat moderate climate, the economy, infrastructure, education, different markets and lots of other things. Environmental Contest! It’s a city where you find all the useful things in one place, it’s also an IT-BPO hub, the environmental daily goods and services are very affordable and environmental essay contest, of reasonable quality, eateries offering a variety of compare and contrast and egypt cuisine also at very affordable rates, and to essay contest, me as a practising Muslim. Andhra Pradesh , Hyderabad State , Hyderabad, India 976 Words | 3 Pages. about the life of the popular children’s author Enid Blyton . Both the environmental essay drama and the review focus on the . Environmental Essay! relationship between the writer and her own children. Business Change! (a) Imagine you are a former employee of Enid Blyton . You have seen the TV drama and you have read the article.
You believe both are unfair to the author , so you want to give your response (which will be posted in an online comments section) which will give a much more favourable view of the author and environmental essay contest, her relationship with her children. Dissociative identity disorder , Enid Blyton , Gillian Baverstock 2142 Words | 11 Pages. Pseudoscience: Critical Thinking and Author. to do things wrongly and might lead to harms and damages eventually. To evaluate if the comparison contrast essay achilles information is credible, there are some standards; for example, check . the credentials of the environmental essay contest author , check the credibility of the plan sources of the environmental essay contest information and the relevant sources that the information contains and see if the author has good logics to prove the information (Saupe, 2005). Contrast Beowulf! In the three articles, they all talked about the contest problems of globalization. They either claimed that globalization benefits.
Anecdotal evidence , Cholesterol , Critical thinking 859 Words | 3 Pages. Authors Purpose Powerpoint Presentation. An author writes for many reasons. An author may give you facts or true information about a subject. If so, they are writing to . inform. Some authors write fiction stories or stories that are not true. They write these stories to entertain you.
Other authors may write to persuade or to try to get you to do something. Abortion! What is the essay contest author’s purpose if the passage contains . . . Facts or true Information? Fiction? to Inform or Teach to Entertain Tries to get you to Persuade or to do something. Abraham Lincoln , Charles Ingalls , Endangered species 928 Words | 19 Pages. My Favourite Sports I really love going outside and compete outdoor plot of grounds. Out of the many sports that I wee-wee play in compare and contrast mesopotamia, high . school, I like playing basketball the near. The reason is because it is challenging and it needs a plentifulness of teamwork to derive a game. Environmental Essay Contest! It is not subdued to be able to sink a basketball. It takes many days of practice. I have a good aim and I like to be the someone to throw the ball into the hoop. I find that playing a basketball game is very challenging.
Cricket , Cricket terminology , Fielding 1386 Words | 4 Pages. Remember the Titans Favourite Character. ?Remember the Titans Favourite Character Gerry Bertier was one of the business change plan most racial-abusive people on the football team. He believed that the environmental contest . whites were the dominant race, but Gerry is one of the wrong prime examples of the essay contest 1980s who were racist even after the great Martin Luther King, and the abolishment of slavery, nearly a century ago. However this is environmental essay contest, about him and not other historic times before him. Bertier's parents divorced early in his childhood (around age 7) and he was raised primarily by his.
American football , Gold medal , Hammond High School 924 Words | 3 Pages. Two Authors , Two Views School is a place where the youth of America goes to become educated to achieve their potential, and to further their . knowledge of life. People often criticize our school system by saying it’s a place where kids learn to be “book smart” and not “street smart.” Others say that students need to environmental essay, spend more time outside of the abortion wrong essay classroom to gain further knowledge about the world. These two ideas about environmental contest education are the main ideas that that authors John Gatto, and Dave Eggers have. Education , High school , History of education 1299 Words | 4 Pages. The True Author of Shakespeare's Works. Who Was The True Author of essay beowulf achilles Shakespeare's Works? The authenticity of Shakespeare's works being those of William Shakespeare has long been . debated. Many people and scholars have explored the possibility that maybe the essay contest many amazing plays and achilles, sonnets were possibly written by a man named Edward de Vere, the essay contest 17th Earl of Oxford.
There is a good amount of business change plan evidence supporting the theory that this man may be the real Shakespeare, while on the other hand, it would be very difficult to deny the popular. Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford , First Folio , Hamlet 1216 Words | 4 Pages. ? Nathaniel Hawthorne, author of The Scarlet Letter, and William Golding, author of Lord of the Flies, use writing styles that . are vastly different from one another, yet share the use of some rhetorical devices. Hawthorne used a legion of apostrophe and epithet, while Golding used a great deal of description and imagery. The forms of environmental contest writing in the two books are different, but both authors use a variety of devices in divergent manners. In The Scarlet Letter, Hawthorne broke the flow of the reading. Allegory , Boy , Hester Prynne 801 Words | 3 Pages. My favourite personality:THE PERSONALITY OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD (S.A.W.W) The Personality Of The Prophet Muhammad The Prophet Muhammad was . Counseling Paper! known for good character throughout his life. He was known as: The Honest long before he received the message of Islam . He was handsome, of medium height, very active, walked rapidly which forced his companions to environmental contest, race to keep up with him. People reported seeing light around his body and in his face, which they compared to the sun or the counseling psychology paper full moon.
His. Islam , Jesus , Medina 1122 Words | 3 Pages. ?ESSAY: MY FAVOURITE PERSONALITY Every person in this world has a hero. People have heroes because they really admire that person . and they really look up to that person. Environmental Essay Contest! They want to do what they have done and they have achieved in their life. Depressive! Like every person, I also have a hero.
My hero had a great personality and contest, a great heart. His name is Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. I choose him as my hero because I really admire him. I admire his style, his personality and what he did for. Indian National Congress , Karachi , Lahore 956 Words | 3 Pages. Grade 12 ISU—Canadian Authors Author | Title | Adamson, Gil | The Outlander | Alexis, Andre | Childhood | . Change Plan! Anderson-Dargatz, Gail | The Cure for Death by environmental essay Lightning | | Recipe for Bees | Atwood, Margaret | Alias Grace | | The Blind Assassin | | Bodily Harm | | Cat’s Eye | | The Edible Woman | | The Handmaid’s Tale | | Lady Oracle | | The Robber Bride | | Surfacing | Badami, Anita Rau | Can You Hear the Nightbird Call? | | The Hero’s. Books in Canada First Novel Award , Canada Reads , Carol Shields 452 Words | 4 Pages. Louis sachar About himself: 1. Born in essay, east meadow New York march 20, 1954 2. Contest! Moved to Austin, texas in wrong, 1985 Schooling: 3. Favorite . authors : E B white, Richard Price, Kazuo Ishigaro and E.l Doctorow 4. Not interested in reading and writing till high school. 5. “Sachar attended Antioch College for a semester before transferring to essay, University of California, Berkeley, | 6. I thought it over contrast essay beowulf and decided it was a pretty good deal.
College credits, no homework, no term papers. East Meadow, New York , Holes , J. D. Salinger 851 Words | 3 Pages. Learning and essay contest, -author Unknown Minds. making a living and a life. Contrast Beowulf! - Author Unknown Never let any branch of environmental learning interfere with with common sense. - Author Unknown . You don’t learn to hold your own in the world by standing on guard, but by mesopotamia attacking and getting well hammered yourself. -George Bernard Shaw Learn all you can from old people. They’ve gone over the road you must travel. - Author Unknown A drop of ink makes thousands think. If you’ve learned to read, you can learn to succeed. - Author Unknown No one stops growing. Albert Einstein , Learning , Life 1383 Words | 4 Pages. MY FAVOURITE CITY I love Paris with such a passion, it hurts.
Last year I lived there for four months but still, I can never get enough. . Environmental Essay! When I'm not in Paris I ache for the city as if for a lost love. If I could return once more, I'd jump feet first into all the abortion essay wonderful places I still want to essay contest, discover. And, I would also make a personal pilgrimage to environmental, my favorite places from chic to charming all that hooked my heart. First I would re visit my favorite arrondissement, the Marais. Here the.
3rd arrondissement of Paris , 4th arrondissement of Paris , Le Marais 1005 Words | 3 Pages. Role of the environmental contest Author: New Criticism and Poststructuralism. Role of the Author : New Criticism and Poststructuralism This paper studies the role of the author from the perspectives of New . Contrast Essay Achilles! Criticism and Poststructuralism. The nature of the environmental two critical approaches must be elucidated before the discussion. Counseling Psychology Research! According to ‘The Norton Introduction to Literature’, New Critics’ critical practice is to environmental contest, demonstrate formal unity by showing how every part of essay achilles a work contributes to a central unifying theme. Every part is related to the whole and the whole is reflected. Literary criticism , Literary theory , Literature 1158 Words | 4 Pages. My Favourite Holiday Destination I have been to environmental contest, several places around the world, Mumbai and Goa in environmental essay contest, India, Paris in France, Hamburg in environmental essay, . Germany, Rome and Venice in Italy, Vatican City, Singapore, Hong Kong, Melbourne and major depressive disorder case study evolve, Sydney in Australia but my personal favourite is the Brisbane-Gold Coast trip which also happens to be in Australia. I liked it very much since Gold Coast had 2 huge theme parks and an amazing water park. It was the 16th of December we were on essay, our way to Dubai International Airport.
Amusement park , Gold Coast, Queensland , Marine biology 2694 Words | 7 Pages. largely rooted in literature. The heart of this creativity all began in Harlem, New York, though its power eventually spread throughout the compare and contrast mesopotamia and egypt essay entire country. . “Harlem became the largest residential center for blacks in the United States” (Haskins 1). The authors responsible for this creative effort during the essay Harlem Renaissance worked to celebrate and plan, reconstruct the reputation of black culture through their writings of environmental essay poetry, novels, and non-fiction. They made waves by compare and egypt boldly addressing the issues of environmental essay contest race. African American , African American culture , Black people 1106 Words | 3 Pages. DATE: 03/04/2014 Introduction: plagiarism means to copy or use . Environmental Essay Contest! someone’s work, words, images, ideas and environmental essay contest, any kind of discovery without recognizing the original author and use that as own creation. Plagiarism can be committed consciously or sub-consciously. But Plagiarism is comparison essay, considered as a serious crime in academic sector as well as other sector. Plagiarism: “plagiarism” came from roman word “plagiarius” which. Academic dishonesty , Copyright infringement , Credit 782 Words | 4 Pages.
Authors With Sexual Thoughts All psychoanalytic approaches to literature have one matter in common, and that is the critics begin with a deep . psychological theory of environmental how and abortion is morally wrong essay, why people act as they do, a belief that psychologists, psychiatrists, psychoanalysts outside of the realm of literature developed. They claim this psychological theory as a normal to interpret and environmental contest, evaluate a literary work. The developer of the and egypt concepts and environmental essay, details of the theory will differ, but the theories are all universalist. Charles Scribner's Sons , Complex , Ernest Hemingway 1040 Words | 3 Pages. undertaken sin may be the abortion wrong essay first step on way to hell, and not everybody can turn away from that road. The book is written in a very simple . way, the sentences are mostly short, without large clauses and nominative constructions. The author worries about environmental contest every character and describes all their sufferings and other feelings very brightly. The main characters are: Kira Nagorskaya, a pretty blond girl of twenty with a good figure , large dark eyes with long thick eyelashes. Boy , Female , Girl 890 Words | 3 Pages.
I enjoy reading good books particularly novels, short stories, plays, etc. The world famous literary works of great authors such as, . Charles Dickens, Tolstoy, Dominique Lappiere, Rabindranath Tagore, R. K. Narayan, Arundhathi Roy, Salman Rushdie, etc. have always charmed and thrilled me, giving waves of delight, leisure, relaxation and essay, mental refreshment. My favourite book is ‘City of Joy’ written by Dominique Lappiere. The book is a touching description of the lives of the slum-dwellers. Charles Dickens , Fiction , Kolkata 479 Words | 2 Pages. ?Allegory Used by essay Authors Ines Palacio Mrs.Coplen English I Honors 10 December 2012 Do you ever wonder what it takes for essay, a revolution to . happen? Revolution usually takes time, a strong leadership, ideology, and environmental contest, not just one person. When writing a story, authors often mean for the story to interpret a second meaning behind it, to abortion is morally essay, reveal a hidden message. They do this by using allegory. In Animal Farm and Black Boy some sort of revolution happens at different points in the book to convey this meaning. Leon Trotsky , October Revolution , Russia 1155 Words | 3 Pages.
“Poe, it is obvious my work is much better at expressing human individuality.” Said Washington Irving to Edgar Allan Poe. Environmental! “Only time will tell,” replied . Edgar Allan Poe. Washington Irving, an aspiring Romantic era author , composed many stories throughout his life. Although, he was not well-known, he did compose a story by the name of “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.” Washington Irving’s short story, “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”, portrays American Romantic values by the use of imagery, rebellion against. Edgar Allan Poe , Headless Horseman , Ichabod Crane 988 Words | 3 Pages. Author Study: Writing Style I recently had the chance to interview the compare and contrast mesopotamia author of Pretty Little Liars, Sara Shepard. This . book is environmental contest, a part of comparison contrast beowulf a series that has been made into environmental essay contest a hit TV show on ABC Family. It portrays four best friends who deal with one of their best friend’s disappearance who is later found dead.
Together they all try to figure out abortion is morally essay who the environmental essay contest killer is while they receive anonymous text messages and emails from “A.” Whoever is compare mesopotamia and egypt, behind “A” knows all of the girls’ secrets and uses them. Pretty Little Liars , Protagonist , Style 1295 Words | 4 Pages. ? Two Authors with One Voice When observing the essay contest people around me, I’ve noticed that individuals have a tendency to abortion is morally wrong essay, share their personal . Environmental Essay Contest! stories in many ways. Some are too shy and others think that they will be judged if the person they were talking to and contrast essay, knew who the story was really about. It’s an easier way to environmental, share information, whether it is contest, personal or something basic like what they did today, through other’s words. Some individuals are confident enough to essay, write about themselves and talk freely. Talk radio 2548 Words | 7 Pages. Patricia Polacco (b. Depressive Disorder Case Study! July 11, 1944, Lansing, Michigan) is the environmental essay author and evolve, illustrator of numerous picture books for children. Although she . Environmental Essay! struggled in school and was unable to read until age 14 due to plan, dyslexia, she found relief by expressing herself through art. Polacco endured teasing and hid her disability until a schoolteacher recognized that she could not read and began to help her.
Thank you, Mr. Falker is Polacco's retelling of this encounter and its outcome. Early years The early. 1907 , 1908 , 1911 1101 Words | 4 Pages. Treasure Island Rob Johnson . May, 2012 About the Author Robert Louis Stevenson Stevenson was born on the 13th of November in environmental essay contest, the year 1850 in Edinburgh, Scotland and paper, died December 3rd, 1894 in Vailima, Samoa. Stevenson was of Scottish descent and was the only child of essay contest Thomas Stevenson.
At age six, Robert attended his first school and found it hard to fit in. Billy Bones , Captain Alexander Smollett , Captain Flint 2235 Words | 6 Pages. Who is your favorite author or poet. ? 9-9 Who is your favorite author or poet? Why is this author or poet your favorite?
When did you begin reading works by this . Change! author or poet? What are your favorite works of literature by this author or poet? Why? A book is one of the environmental greatest wonders of the world. It gives us a unique chance to link up with authors who lived hundreds and thousands years ago.
Thanks to books we can talk to people who lived in different ages and countries. Through reading books we hear their voices, thoughts and. Kiev , Lesya Ukrainka , Moldova 889 Words | 2 Pages. ?Senior Author Study Essay During the first two month, I read the two books by the same author . Compare Mesopotamia And Egypt Essay! Robert Cormier. These two . Contest! books name are I am the cheese and The rag and major depressive disorder study, bone shop. I Am the Cheese is the story of a boy named Adam who is on a physical journey through New England and essay contest, a mental journey through the past, revisiting his traumatic childhood and business change plan, trying to contest, uncover lost memories. The chilling book has three narrative threads. In the business change plan first, we meet Adam through his own first-person accounts;. Alicia and Annie Sorell , I Am the Cheese , Robert Cormier 2433 Words | 4 Pages. My favourite place Everyone has their own one special place, a place where you can be you, where you can find peace and harmony.
A place where . Environmental Contest! you feel happy and comfortable being there. Abortion Is Morally Essay! For some it’s a quiet place, for others it might be a hustling, bustling, full of people and movement place. But all of these places have one thing in environmental contest, common, they are places where you’d run to in times of both joy and misery. As for me, my favourite place is where I feel most comfortable and relaxed in, and. A Quiet Place , Debut albums , Feeling 620 Words | 2 Pages. Emily Dickinson, the Feminist Author. Emily Dickinson, the wrong Feminist Author Emily Dickinson is recognized as one of the greatest American poets. Environmental Essay! Emily was born to a very prominent . Depressive Case Study! family on December 10, 1830. After she had finished her schooling, Dickinson embarked on essay, a lifelong course of reading.
Her calling as a poet began in her teen years. Change Plan! She came into her own style as an artist in a short period of time. This time in her life was intense and environmental contest, filled with creativity. This resulted in her composing, revising, and saving hundreds. Emily Dickinson , Feminism , Gender 928 Words | 3 Pages. Outline: Kabuki and Authors B. Props.
A. Bugaku B. Sarugaku C. Primitive Noh D. Authors and Audience III. Noh theater A. Authors B. Props 1. Masks a. . women b. demons c. old men 2. Structure of Stage C. Themes 1. Mesopotamia And Egypt! Buddhist influence 2. Essay Contest! The supernatural D. Kyogen interludes E. Audience IV. Kabuki A. Authors B. Props 1. make-up 2. special effects C. Themes 1. Love stories 2. Revenge D. Audience V. Bunraku (puppet) theater A. Essay Contest! Authors B. Props C. Themes 1. Love stories 2. Historical. Kabuki , Kyogen , Meetings 676 Words | 4 Pages. without the closet light on, going to bed at a decent hour, not juggling eggs, and other un-fun stuff. My favorite quote of Mayer’s is environmental essay, “It’s real fun to be . an is morally wrong old kid.” Bibliography • Adler, D., Rose, R. (2012, March 1). Picture Books Author of the essay Month: Mercer Mayer. Greenville Public Library.
Retrieved March 17, 2012, from http://http://www.yourlibrary.ws/childrens_webpage/e-author122000.htm Bibliography • Kiefer, Barbara. Charlotte Huck's children's literature : a brief guide. Boston. Children's literature , Children's picture books , Literature featuring anthropomorphic characters 1374 Words | 4 Pages.