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Employee Development Engagement. Standardized Problem Solving. Process improvement occurs in prompt the workplace, not in the classroom, so the training at this Medical Center is very hands-on and action oriented, with the counseling, goal of enabling employees to samford prompt engage in front-line activities as soon as possible. Classes in an Introduction to Lean, Problem Solving I and is morally Problem Solving II are one-to-two days each, and have a strong do it flavor. This Medical Center has achieved significant and essay prompt measurable performance improvement by using the tools of A3 Problem Solving and the Value Stream Analysis Process (VSAP). Process improvement projects have been conducted in Primary Care, Behavioral Health, Nursing, Urgent Care, Pharmacy, Laboratory, Radiology, and support areas including the Mail Room, Cafeteria, and Purchasing. Projects are thoughtfully executed, with appropriate Executive Leadership engagement. Lean Healthcare: Emergency Department.
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The Operating Room was receiving instruments that did not meet quality standards. Solution: A number of layout and process improvements were implemented based on a 5-day Value Stream Analysis Processsm, which documented the current state, designed the future state, and companies developed a project plan to essay manage the paper, improvements. OPS provided on-site implementation support and helped manage the essay, execution of the Implementation Plan, including regular progress reviews with the customer. Results (First 6 months of implementation) 41% Reduction in Cycle Time 45% Improvement in Quality 100% Improvement in Nurse Satisfaction 200% Improvement in Surgeon Satisfaction 45% Decrease in Replacement Tool Costs 44% Reduction in on teacher Agency Staffing Costs Financial Results Saved more than the cost of the samford essay, project in the first 3 months of academic companies, implementation Essentially doubled productivity by reducing lead time without investing any capital or hiring additional staff. Improvement in Quality over essay 75% and it continues to improve everyday 100% reduction in Agency Staffing Costs Sustained Lead Time improvements. Lean Healthcare: Nursing Unit. There were many falls in the Pulmonary Unit largely associated with the nurses' lack of availability to the patient's bedside due to other demands including medication preparation.
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I feel the Pulmonary team has done a superb job and their front line pragmatic ideas are paying off and we see huge gains. Love the training, changes and it gives me more time with my patients. It is less stressful, less travel time to find things and the meds are better organized. The other day I could take time, about 10-15 minutes and talk to a patient and the patient responded, 'Thank you, I really needed that.' Another 40% reduction in patient falls Maintained a high rate of assisted falls The Lean training and samford prompt implemented countermeasures are being rolled-out to all nursing units hospital-wide. Lean Healthcare: Utilization Review. Lean Healthcare: Utilization Review. Less than 100% of daily Utilization Reviews (UR's) are being submitted before 5pm each day. Solution: The Lean team conducted a problem solving using the an anthropologist among and other essays, A3 as a guide to samford essay take a deep dive to understand the thesis on teacher, problem from all perspectives that affect the Utilization Review process. Prompt? Using the academic paper companies, PDCA methodology, there was a lot of samford, analysis of data, front-line observation and information gathering.
Many areas were identified for improvement based on the information gathered and performing a waste analysis on their process. Lean tools and philosophies, such as Standard Work, were used to eliminate those wastes and improve the ability to complete the daily requirement for an anthropologist the historians, UR's. Reduced morning set-up time by 50%, saving up to 1 hour per essay Care Manager Developed and implemented a Standard UR process for all Care Managers, which reduced the time to complete an average UR by at least 30% based on a typical work load for a Care Manager equates to 1.8 hours per Care Manager per day Standardized clinical content for each UR Developed a consistent and defined training process for new Care Managers Started daily huddle with each Care Manager Service line. Lean Manufacturing: Automotive Components. Customer was producing low-volume, specialty components for among the historians and other essays review, the automotive industry, and essay prompt desired to strengthen operational processes to prepare for is morally wrong, a broadening product mix and greater production capacity. This required efforts to streamline production, decrease lead times, reduce costs, and improve quality.
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Lean Government: Workforce Center. Unemployed citizens were not receiving the training necessary to help them become job ready in an appropriate amount of samford essay prompt, time, largely as a result of training, cultural issues between State and Local employees. A number of process improvements were implemented based on a 3-day Value Stream Analysis Processsm, which documented the current state, designed the future state, and developed a project plan to manage the improvements. Coaching and samford prompt support were provided to assist with the implementation and most famous argumentative essays sustainment of the changes. Lead time of the process was reduced by over 50% Customer wait time was reduced by over 75% Value-Added time for essay prompt, a new customer was increased by over 49% Lean Government: Science Center. The process for thesis on teacher, school group reservations and arrival was not efficient or effective, leaving a bad initial impression on samford essay prompt, visitors, as well as having a ripple effect that made the problem even worse for groups that arrived later in the day. A number of process improvements were implemented based on a 3-day Value Stream Analysis Processsm, which documented the paper, current state, designed the future state, and developed a project plan to manage the improvements. Lead time of the samford essay, process was reduced by over 50% Variation for thesis on teacher, customers in essay the process was virtually eliminated Customer comments: Wow!
This is so much better than last year. Abortion? You really have it together. You guys are so organized. This runs like a well oiled machine! Lean Training for Rapid Deployment. A large healthcare system was attempting to roll-out a Lean transformation and implementation across its entire organization. An efficient and essay prompt effective Training program was developed for several hundred Executives, Directors, Managers and write essays assignments mcmillan Employees that has initiated dozens of improvement projects across the organization. The OPS team also coaches, supports and holds students accountable through the completion of those projects using Toyota's A3 Problem Solving process Approximately 10% of samford essay, these initial students have been selected for further training as Lean Facilitators.
After completing the Facilitator Training and passing the certification examination administered by OPS, these individuals will be fully capable of supporting continuous improvement activities across the organization. Rapid deployment of Lean awareness, understanding and implementation across the research, entire organization Significant improvements in prompt Quality, Efficiency and Cost are a result of the academic companies, projects A growing internal capability to implement, sustain and continuously improve processes through teamwork and samford essay prompt empowered employees. Operational Performance Solutions, Inc. True to the Principles of the Toyota Production System (TPS) What is abortion is morally essay a Lean Enterprise? A Lean Enterprise is an essay prompt organization that achieves operational excellence by empowering people to continuously improve performance by academic companies relentlessly focusing on the elimination of waste. By Every Person, At Every Level, On Every Process, Every Day. An organization must have effective leadership to achieve operational excellence. Essay Prompt? Experienced OPS coaches help individual leaders and leadership teams develop the skills and argumentative knowledge to lead and sustain a successful Lean transformation. The leadership principles of essay prompt, Mr. Fujio Cho, former Chairman of Toyota and one of Taichi Ohno's original students, have been summarized as Go See, Ask Why, Show Respect . Front-line employees must be able to effectively use key Lean tools to achieve and sustain a successful Lean transformation.
OPS has proprietary learning systems and highly experienced Lean coaches to an anthropologist help client employees acquire and utilize the prompt, needed Lean skills in the shortest possible time. Our unique process achieves this through practical, hands-on, results-oriented training programs that enable rapid skills deployment and utilization across the most, client organization. OPS uses proprietary process improvement tools originally developed by the Toyota Supplier Support Center and essay prompt refined over many years of successful practice. Our highly experienced Lean coaches work shoulder-to-shoulder to achieve significant operational improvements while transferring skills and knowledge to client employees for sustainment. Typical Lean Operating System Mode. Small Business Consulting.
The OPS leadership team has many years of successful experience in growing small companies. We use our proven methodologies to help companies improve operations and prepare for substantial and sustainable growth. Information Technology Support. OPS leaders have extensive experience in the aspects of enterprise IT system design, development and implementation that complement continuous process improvement. OPS has developed significant high impact training programs that help people and teams master Lean Process Improvement skills in the shortest possible time. We make this expertise available to our clients in a variety of industries to help them address key operational issues and develop effective leaders and counseling psychology leadership teams.
Operational Performance Solutions, Inc. Operational Performance Solutions, Inc. Wednesday, September 20, 2017. OPS Expands with New Opportunities. Tuesday, September 05, 2017. OPS Attendance at the Maryland Association of Counties (MACo) 2017 Summer Conference. Wednesday, August 16, 2017.
OPS Role in Pennsylvania Lean Journey Expands. Monday, August 07, 2017. OPS participating in the Maryland Association of Counties (MACo) 2017 Summer Conference. Monday, February 13, 2017. Tuesday, October 04, 2016. Monday, September 12, 2016. Webinar with Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) Monday, August 29, 2016. Lean Government Starts in Pennsylvania.
Monday, August 15, 2016. OPS Selected to Facilitate Baltimore Police Department Purchasing Lean Events. Thursday, August 11, 2016. OPS participating at Maryland Association of prompt, Counties (MACo) Summer Conference. Monday, August 08, 2016. OPS Awarded a Contract with the psychology, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Monday, July 11, 2016. OPS Publishes Lean Government White Paper. Tuesday, April 26, 2016.
OPS Selected to Assist in Lean Process Improvement at AirBorn, Inc. Wednesday, October 21, 2015. OPS Forms Strategic Alliance with IMPAQ International. Thursday, September 10, 2015. OPS Assists Baltimore City Health Department's Year End Accounting Process. Monday, August 10, 2015. OPS Awarded a Contract with Prince George's County Economic Development Corporation Workforce Services Division.
Wednesday, July 22, 2015. Frederick County Workforce Services Update. Wednesday, July 01, 2015. Friday, May 01, 2015. OPS moves into a new World Class Location. Wednesday, March 11, 2015. OPS to launch Lean Government initative at Frederick County Workforce Services. Friday, February 27, 2015. Friday, October 03, 2014. OPS Awarded Contract with City of prompt, Baltimore to Provide Innovative Lean Government Training to Target Reducing Waste in Government Processes while Increasing Service to write Citizens.
Thursday, September 18, 2014. OPS supports Busch Manufacturing LLC. Tuesday, August 12, 2014. OPS to Co-Present on Developing a Continuous Improvement Culture in Healthcare at samford essay prompt, the Northeast Shingo Prize Conference in October. Friday, April 11, 2014. OPS Provides Lean Government Services to State Agency. Thursday, April 10, 2014.
Checklists Help Reduce Healthcare-Associated Infections. Wednesday, April 02, 2014. Standard Work Improves Utilization Review Process. Friday, March 07, 2014. OPS Employee Using Skills to Strengthen Communities. Wednesday, February 26, 2014. Sterilization Errors in North Carolina Hospital Highlight the Importance of most famous argumentative essays, Lean SPD. Wednesday, November 06, 2013. Sustaining Gains in Lean Process Improvement. Monday, November 04, 2013.
John Beakes III to speak at Mid-Atlantic Lean Conference. Thursday, October 03, 2013. OPS Presentation at NE Shingo Prize. Monday, September 23, 2013. Thursday, August 15, 2013. Tuesday, June 04, 2013. OPS and HFMA Lean webinar series partnership.
Thursday, May 23, 2013. John Beakes III to speak at NE Shingo Prize Conference. Friday, May 03, 2013. Toyota-Style Process Improvement at a VA Medical Center. Friday, April 12, 2013. OPS is samford essay Re-verified as a Veteran-Owned Small Business. Thursday, April 04, 2013. OPS conducting Train-the-Trainer Program at counseling, a Regional Health System. Wednesday, March 13, 2013.
Compliments from a Perioperative Nursing Manager. Friday, March 01, 2013. OPS Supports New Automotive Vehicle Launches. Wednesday, February 20, 2013. HFMA Lean in Healthcare Presentation. Friday, February 15, 2013. Positive Feedback to Lean in Healthcare Roadshow. Monday, February 11, 2013.
Care Management and Utilization Review Project Success. Wednesday, January 16, 2013. HFMA Roadshow Lean in Healthcare Workshop presented by John Beakes, Jr. Monday, January 14, 2013. OPS - SPD White Paper, January 2013. Monday, December 17, 2012. From a Pulmonary Unit Team at a large Virginia Hospital Thursday, December 06, 2012. Webinar: Sharing your Lean System for Total Success. Wednesday, November 14, 2012. OPS Attends Cleveland Clinic CI Conference.
Friday, November 09, 2012. OPS Sponsors the Mid-Atlantic Lean Conference. Tuesday, October 09, 2012. OPS Contracts with Maryland Hospital. Monday, October 01, 2012. Russ Scaffede was one of the essay, keynote speakers at the Northeast Shingo Prize Conference on September 26, 2012. Friday, September 21, 2012.
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Masonic Symbols: Their Use and Abuse. This file is copyright (c) 1995 The Philalethes Society and all rights including any redistribution rights are reserved by essay, the copyright holder. Permission to quote from, redistribute or to otherwise use these materials must be obtained from the copyright holder directly by research paper, contacting The Philalethes, Nelson King, FPS, Editor, 2 Knockbolt Crescent, Agincourt Ontario Canada, M1S 2P6. Samford Prompt. Tel: 416-293-8071 Fax: 416-293-8634 or firstname.lastname@example.org. Masonic Symbols: Their Use and Abuse. (Delivered at write essays mcmillan the Annual Banquet of the Allied Masonic Degrees, 25 February 1995) by Wallace McLeod, F.P.S.
Let's ponder the meaning of Masonic symbolism. We approach the topic with diffidence, because a few years ago Allen Roberts wrote a superb book called The Craft and its Symbols, that should be in the hands of every Mason. So I shall steal some ideas from him, and borrow a few words from myself, and see where it takes us. Freemasonry is said to be a beautiful system of samford essay prompt, morality, veiled in allegory and illustrated by symbols. Allegory and essays mcmillan, symbol certainly play a large role in it, but they are not restricted to it. Essay. If you have a clear notion of how they work, you may find a deeper understanding of Masonry and academic, its meaning. A symbol, according to the dictionary, is something that stands for, represents, or denotes something else (not by exact resemblance, but by essay, vague suggestion, or by some accidental or conventional relation). Some symbols occur so frequently in daily life that we have stopped thinking of an anthropologist the historians and other, them as symbols. The most familiar ones are the letters of the alphabet.
There is no reason why one kind of samford, curling line should stand for a hissing noise, or why something that looks like a couple of bee-hives side by side should make a humming sound; but we all accept them without thinking. Among Essays Review. Other symbols in common use include the numerals (1, 2, 3), mathematical and monetary signs (plus, square root, dollar), and musical notation (treble clef, flat, semiquaver). Such symbols are indispensable for almost any kind of communication. Another type of samford prompt, symbol is found in write essays assignments the arts, both graphic and samford, verbal. It represents something abstract by on teacher training, something that we can perceive with our senses, above all by sight. Samford Prompt. So white stands for purity, the dove and olive-branch for peace, the skull and an anthropologist and other, crossbones for poison, and the eagle for samford essay, the United States. In literature the symbol often occurs in most essays combination with one of the traditional figures of speech, simile, or metaphor.
Robbie Burns tells us that his sweetheart is beautiful to samford, see and to hear, and he tells us this by comparing her to other things. Shakespeare tells us that the problems of on teacher, life are like the missiles hurled by an attacking enemy, and that difficulties roll in upon us like the waves of the samford essay prompt ocean. That's the imagery behind the familiar words, In a little poem by wrong essay, Walter Savage Landor, life is compared to samford, and symbolized by a warm fire. A symbol's associations go far beyond its simple pictorial meaning. It can be used, not merely to facilitate thought, but even to shape it. Who can be afraid of death if it is symbolized by putting out to sea, as in Tennyson's familiar words?
Who can be afraid of death if it is symbolized by falling asleep, as in Bryant's Thanatopsis? For the most argumentative Freemason, every character, figure, and emblem has a moral tendency, and serves to inculcate the essay practice of virtue in thesis training all its genuine professors. Essay. The principal rounds of Jacob's ladder are faith, hope, and research, charity. Essay. Chalk, charcoal, and clay stand for freedom, fervency, and zeal. The square represents morality, the training level equality, and the plumb rule justness and samford essay prompt, uprightness of life and conduct.
The three pillars are wisdom, strength, and beauty. An ear of corn near a stream of water is on teacher, plenty. The four tassels are temperance, fortitude, prudence, and justice. The five steps are the five noble orders of architecture, and also the five senses. The seven steps represent the seven liberal arts and sciences. All these symbols are explicitly defined in the ritual, and I suppose we are obliged to accept these definitions, and are not at liberty to disagree. But the symbols are not always explained for us. If you have a flair for interpreting them, there is ample scope to indulge your talents. There's no harm in that. It may help you in your personal development. But how far can we go?
Let's look at a few examples of how the symbols have been read by others. There's a book by Foster Bailey, called The Spirit of Masonry. He tells us that the three degrees can foretell the future: having passed through the Entered Apprentice or physical age, and the Fellow Craft or intellectual age, we now stand at samford essay prompt the threshold of the Master Mason or spiritual age; a new revelation will soon restore to us the true lost word. Moreover, we learn, the two great pillars represent the essays assignments constellation Gemini; so the Craft began in the Age of Gemini, more than 6500 years ago. Or there's another book, by Arthur Ward, entitled Masonic Symbolism and the Mystic Way. Samford Prompt. There we learn about the Working Tools of the assignments Entered Apprentice: the chisel stands for essay, intellect, the common gavel for will, and the twenty-four inch gauge for vital feeling. This is not what the English ritual says; it says that they stand for accuracy, labor, and perseverance.
When we push on to the thesis on teacher training Second Degree, Ward tells us that the essay prompt Working Tools are essentially the same powers, but in the intense and spiritual form possessed by the higher Self within; they are reached and most famous argumentative, shared by the personal man in prompt the practice of meditation. So the plumb rule turns out to be spiritual insight, the square is spiritual intuition, and the level is spiritual inspiration. Again, that's not what the ritual says. A few years ago W. Kirk MacNulty wrote Freemasonry: A Journey through Ritual and Symbol. He says that the three Craft degrees recapitulate the development of the individual person, and encourage further development. The Entered Apprentice Degree (or the Ground Floor of the Temple) represents the paper physical or material being, Jung's individual consciousness. The Fellow Craft (or Middle Chamber) represents the soul or psyche, Jung's personal unsconscious. The Master Mason (or Holy of Holies) is the spiritual being, Jung's collective unsconscious, one step closer to the Divine. And non-Masons can shed light on our symbolism. A fascinating study by Katharine Thomson, called The Masonic Thread in Mozart, tells us that the number three has a special significance in Freemasonry. Most of the songs are in essay three-part harmony.
Many songs are in triple time; threefold repetitions are frequent, and major triads are of particular importance. In Mozart's music certain keys are specifically associated with Freemasonry, notably Eb major . [with] the key signature of three flats. Other Mozart specialists argue that The Magic Flute is clearly a Masonic opera. They note the three chords repeated three times, the three attendants of the Queen of the Night, the three boys, the three doors, the three trials, and psychology, so on. Besides these familiar published sources, you will find that sometimes an older and respected Mason has his own interpretation of some of the symbols, arising out of his knowledge and experience. More than one mature brother has disclosed to me that, no matter what we say, Freemasonry is essay, fundamentally Christian, because the equilateral triangle is an emblem of divinity, and it can refer only to the Christian Trinity. It may well be so. These examples are all personal interpretations.
Can we take them as correct? Arthur Ward says, If you find a key which translates a cypher message into sense, you know for certain that you have the key of the cypher; similarly, if you find an explanation which makes sense of a series of symbols you have their true meaning. This is the problem. If we accept subjective interpretations by Masons, how can we exclude subjective interpretations by non-Masons? In the Masonic ritual, God is called the Great Architect of the Universe.
For me, this is a simple metaphor; the universe is like an immense mansion or temple, and the Creator of the universe is compared to the builder. Thesis Training. Nothing secret or disrespectful about that! But in 1986 a Canadian religious magazine called The Presbyterian Record published an attack on Freemasonry, saying that the Great Architect of the Universe was the samford name of the false god that the Masons worship at their altar. And two years ago, Dr James Larry Holly, the man who orchestrated the Southern Baptist campaign against the Masons, said that to call God a Great Architect is derogatory to the True God's creative omnipotence. Thesis On Teacher. An architect only puts together from the materials already at hand. Essay Prompt. God creates from nothing. Actually a bit of research discloses that the term Great Architect was introduced into Freemasonry in 1723 by the Presbyterian minister, James Anderson, and that he got it from the works of John Calvin, one of the founders of Presbyterianism. The modern dogmatists are attacking an expression that was used by one of the great theologians of all time! We all know that the square and compasses form a symbol that stands for Masonry.
But there's more to it than that. The fundamentalist Pastor Ron Carlson, who has spoken about Freemasonry in evangelical churches in many parts of America, says that the square represents the earth, the argumentative essays compasses represent the samford essay prompt sky, and the square and compasses when united represent the sky impregnating the earth with its showers; that is, they represent sexual intercourse. But there is more to come. Training. There's a man called Ed Decker, who has written a book called What you need to Know About . Masons. And in it he tells us that the evil square and samford, compasses are permanently enshrined in the plan of abortion is morally wrong essay, this city. I quote: Take any good street map of downtown Washington D.C. and find the Capitol Building. The left leg [of the samford essay prompt compasses] is represented by Pennsylvania Avenue and the right leg by Maryland Avenue. The Square is found . with the intersection of Canal Street and Louisiana Avenue. The left leg of the Compass stands on the White House and the right leg stands on the Jefferson Memorial. On top of the White House is an inverted five-pointed star. The point rests squarely on the White House.
The center of the pentagram is 16th Street where, 13 blocks due north of the very center of the White House, the Masonic House of the Temple sits at the top. This must show that the Masons have been running the country since the abortion is morally wrong essay beginning! The same writer tells us that, when the new Mason says he wants Light, and it is given to samford, him at the command of the Worshipful Master, this is wrong, because Light is salvation, and comes only through Jesus. See John 8:12: I am the light of the an anthropologist the historians and other essays world; he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the samford prompt light of life. And again, Dr Holly, whom we just mentioned, speaks about Masonic light: This is blasphemous, he says. Jesus Christ is the Light of the World. No other light is revealed in the Word of God. Pretty strong language! Pat Robertson, in his book The New World Order, says that the Masonic All-Seeing Eye is found in assignments the Great Seal of the United States on the back of the samford essay dollar bill.
This, he tells us, is the eye of an ancient Egyptian deity, Osiris, who is revered in . the sacred rites of the Masonic Order. It follows that Masonry still preserves the pagan mysteries, and is incompatible with Christianity or Judaism, because the All-Seeing Eye belongs to academic companies, an Egyptian god. And you will be aware that a number of these people are convinced that the truncated pyramid, likewise found on the reverse of the samford prompt dollar, in fact points to the International Masonic conspiracy to take over the world, because it corresponds to psychology research paper, a symbol that was used by the Illuminati of samford prompt, Bavaria in essays assignments mcmillan the 1770s. These interpretations are every bit as plausible as the essay prompt others, but they are all contrary to the spirit of Masonry as it is reflected in the symbols that are explained in the ritual, and they are all anti-Masonic. There is a real problem here. If a symbol in one part of the world resembles another in a different part of the world, does that mean they are related, or that they mean the same thing? If we look at an ancient Greek statue, and see that its pose resembles a modern Masonic gesture, does that mean that it portrays a Mason? If we find that the Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamen was buried wearing an apron, does that mean he was a Mason?
I could refer you to written texts that say he was. The Historians And Other Essays. To me, this is obviously preposterous, and I decline to discuss it further. But in the very same way, the samford essay prompt anti-Masons confuse similarity with identity, and accept only one interpretation for any symbol. We noted that Pat Robertson objects to an anthropologist among and other, the All-Seeing Eye, because it is pagan. I can't help wondering if his Bible includes the words, The eyes of the Lord are in every place, beholding the evil and the good (Proverbs 15:3), or The eyes of the prompt Lord run to and fro throughout the whole earth (2 Chronicles 16:9). Research Paper. This sounds to me as if the essay prompt God of the Bible also has an all-seeing eye!
We noted that several of these people object to the new Mason asking for Light, because light can only be the counseling psychology research salvation of samford prompt, Jesus Christ. But the Bible itself uses light in various senses. It can stand for most, life: Wherefore is light given to him that is in misery, and life unto the bitter in soul? (Job 3:20). Prompt. It can represent joy and prosperity: Light is sown for the righteous, and gladness for the upright in heart (Psalm 97:11). It can mean moral excellence: The path of the essays mcmillan just is as the essay prompt shining light. The way of the paper companies wicked is as darkness (Proverbs 4:18). And of prompt, course in literature light means many things, and its precise application is derived from the thesis immediate context. In a poem by essay prompt, Arthur Hugh Clough, light clearly means hope, in time of despair, that the future will be brighter: In general, warmth, light, fire, and day regularly stand for life. But at one point in Paradise Lost Milton calls upon Light to among and other essays review, help him. Essay. This is appropriate in a literal sense, because his story is moving from the psychology gloomy realm of Satan to the ethereal brightness of Heaven.
We are also reminded that Milton, because of his blindness, could not see the light like other men. But finally we learn that here the light is symbolic, and represents poetic insight. In the educational world, the lamp of learning clearly represents knowledge. And so too in Masonry, in the First Degree the darkness is the darkness of ignorance and the light is the light of samford essay prompt, knowledge; in the Third, it is the darkness of thesis training, death. It is stupid and dishonest of the Fundamentalists to say that light, wherever it occurs, must be the salvation of Jesus Christ. In Masonry, the symbols need not be consistent, but they can stand for different things. The twenty-four-inch gauge can represent the twenty-four-hour day, and also accuracy. The square stands for morality, but also for the Worshipful Master. Should we go on and worry about numerical symbolism? Obviously the Masons are not the sole owners of certain numerals.
Is the number three Masonic? Consider: Three Little Pigs, Three Blind Mice, Goldilocks and prompt, the Three Bears, Three Men in a Boat, Three Musketeers, Three Stooges, Three Coins in a Fountain, Three-penny Opera, Three strikes and you're out. Are these all Masonic? Or again, what about five? We hear of a Five-act play, the Five Books of Moses, Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, the Fifth Amendment, the five-sided building known as the Pentagon, the academic five athletic contests of the Pentathlon, five o'clock shadow, five Great Lakes.
Are these all Masonic? Or shall we worry about seven? Snow White and samford prompt, the Seven Dwarfs, Seven League Boots, Seven Pillars of Wisdom, Dance of the on teacher Seven Veils, Seven Brides for Seven Brothers, Seven-Percent Solution, Seven Wonders of the World, Seven Hills of Rome, Seven Years War, and the Seven Seas. Are these all Masonic? Or should we brood about music? We mentioned a few minutes ago that the key-signature of samford essay, Eb was particularly Masonic, because it has three flats. So I looked through the hymn-book, and discovered that, not only Abide with me, but also Be Thou my vision, and O happy is the man who hears are Masonic. Or, when we turn to an old song book, so are Believe me if all those endearing young charms, Drink to me only among the historians review, with thine eyes, and Shenandoah. Do we believe that? I am prepared to say that every Mason may interpret the symbols as he wishes, provided that they are not explicitly explained in the ritual in some other fashion. It can help the individual Mason in his spiritual growth or moral evolution.
But I do not believe that he should attempt to impose his own interpretations on other Masons as if they were gospel truth, and cannot be denied. In my more intolerant moments I apply the name mystical nuts to such people. Essay Prompt. And there are a lot of academic companies, them. I think of Foster Bailey, and Albert Churchward, and Manly P. Hall, and A. E. Samford Essay. Waite, and research, Arthur Ward. My advice would be to avoid them like the plague.
Do you see the nature of the problem? I'm prepared to agree with Foster Bailey that one of the functions of Freemasonry is the erection of samford, our spiritual temple. Indeed, we are told in one part of the ceremonies, From the foundation laid this evening, may you raise a superstructure perfect in its parts and honorable to the builder. But the precise way in which this is to be done is not, in my opinion, specifically taught in Freemasonry. The brotherhood is explicitly intended to be a group of essays assignments, men of high ideals and moral purpose, who believe in the omniscience, omnipotence, and omnipresence of a Supreme Being, who have shared certain deeply moving experiences, and samford, who are striving, each in among the historians essays his own way, to improve himself, and to make the world a better place in essay prompt which to live.
Because of these common beliefs and experiences, Freemasonry is in effect an affinity group, a group of men who enjoy each other's company. Interpret the symbols how you wish, by all means. But, unless the interpretation is confirmed in the ritual, be very careful about what you tell others. And don't let the Anti-Masons shove a false interpretation down your throat.
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6 Lessons from essay prompt, Nature on Living a Peaceful, Fulfilling Life. “Nature does not hurry, yet everything is accomplished .” Five years ago, I was feeling really stressed (like millions of other people in the world). I was working full time in a job that was draining me of every single ounce of most famous energy I had. I had nothing left to give to essay, myself or those I loved at most essays, the end of each working day; life had turned into an incessant cycle of getting up, going to samford, work, coming home, working, and going to an anthropologist among review, bed. During this time, I read about so many people who were also unhappy with their lives. People who had reflected upon their existence and realized that this was not harmonious with who they were. Samford Essay Prompt? I read about these people who inspired me with awe yet at the same time felt a sense of write essays assignments mcmillan desperation. That could never, would never, be me, I thought.
And while these conflicting thoughts existed, I became increasingly stressed out and more and more unhappy. There were things I enjoyed about my job (and still do). I became a teacher because I felt fortunate in having had such amazing support throughout my own education and essay wanted to offer young people that same help and guidance in return. But at the same time, I was changing as a person and I wasn#8217;t the thesis on teacher same being I had been six years previously when I had chosen that path. Samford Essay Prompt? For my own sanity, health, happiness, and the happiness of those I loved, I knew something had to change. And then it did. My partner and I decided to abortion is morally wrong essay, move to a rural area of Herefordshire and buy a hundred-year-old cottage. There is no quick fix for happiness and I realized that the samford prompt most important way to become less stressed was to change my way of thinking. But living in the countryside has undoubtedly contributed to academic paper, my increased levels of samford calm. There is nothing like walking down a tranquil country lane, whatever the season, and just observing the most famous essays sounds, smells, and landscape. I walk the same route regularly but this never bores me.
With every single day, let alone season, something has changed and yet there is samford, also a sense of famous argumentative constancy in nature, which I find incredibly comforting. The Lao Tzu quote about nature not hurrying embodies something I find I#8217;m continually trying to work on—slowing down my daily pace. All too often we rush through our days, anxious to get things done at the fastest speed. When I#8217;m aware that this is happening, I make myself stop and think: Why am I doing this? The pace of our world is frantic and seems to be constantly increasing.
Despite this, I support the belief that life is not a race. Going faster doesn#8217;t necessarily equate with accomplishing more or better. In actual fact, the opposite is usually true. If you slow down, you make fewer mistakes, are able to think more clearly, and act with purpose. For me, this also results in feeling calmer and being more aware of my surroundings and those around me. Samford Essay Prompt? This can only be a good thing. Wrong Essay? Frequently, we might tell ourselves that we must do such and such but in most cases, this feeling of having to do something is only a result of samford essay pressure from within. I personally believe that it#8217;s important for our own sanity and health to slow down (and I apply this to driving, walking, and breathing on a regular basis). So this quote got me thinking about what we can learn from nature… Nature is pretty hard to stop. Weeds and grass grow with dogged determination (much to an anthropologist the historians, the frustration of the lazy or time-pressed gardener). Essay Prompt? Many baby birds and other young offspring grow up against a huge number of odds; they are determined to survive.
With determination, it doesn#8217;t matter how fast (or slowly) you move through life. If you are determined, if you have a goal and a plan to reach that goal, you#8217;re already a long way toward it. Have you ever pruned or cut back a plant only to wonder whether you ever actually did, because now the greenery has exploded into an amazing array? I used to be reluctant to cut any plants back until someone told me that they actually #8216;like#8217; it. Most Argumentative Essays? I suppose it#8217;s nature#8217;s fight for essay, survival; you cut it so it puts even greater energy into growing more. Nature could decide to give in and plants could just shrivel up and die. But they don#8217;t. In life, when things seem tough, we usually have two choices: give in abortion, or give more. Choose to mirror nature and decide to face problems rather than run from them. Samford Essay Prompt? Nature can be incredibly adaptable.
Just think about the four seasons. Animals and plants alike adjust to paper, cope with the changes in climate and meteorological factors. Prompt? Humans are no different. We put on an extra sweater or two in the winter but can be less adept at managing with changing circumstances. Since change is companies, one of the only certain things in life, try to accept this and see it as a positive thing as far as possible. You might not be able to samford essay, control life events, but what you can control is how you respond to them. When autumn arrives, nature seemingly goes into abortion wrong shut down. But actually, wonderful things are going on, ready for when the samford essay plant and animal kingdom come into full swing once more. Take a leaf out of most famous nature#8217;s book and nurture inner strength when times seem sunny so that when the clouds appear, you don#8217;t give in. One thing nature does really well is samford prompt, working together. Bees and flowers are just one of the abortion is morally many examples of this.
Bees collect nectar from flowers to make their honey while the flowers get a good deal out of samford prompt it by their pollen being spread by among the historians and other review their furry winged companions. You might be a real people person or perhaps you prefer your own space. Either way, the world is one huge partnership of human beings. Essay? There are so many things that we simply could not do without the an anthropologist the historians review help of others. Look around you; everything you see has been thought of by a human, designed by a human, made by a human (okay, perhaps with the help of a machine, but still).
I find that thought pretty amazing. I#8217;ll never meet most of the people who somehow are connected to my life, but knowing that every single thing I do I am able to samford essay, do because of someone else is pretty awe-inspiring. In so far as you can, see people as teammates rather than competitors or adversaries. Famous Argumentative? With the exception of an extreme weather occurrence, nature is pretty darn consistent. Want to be a super fit runner? Jogging every three months isn#8217;t going to get you there; try to stick to a once weekly routine. It doesn#8217;t matter if the day or time has to samford essay, change as long as you hit that road/treadmill/country lane once a week. Maybe you want your garden to on teacher training, look pristine and something to be proud of. Again, get out there regularly rather than spend five hours slogging away once a month. Whatever your thing, be consistent.
Whether you live in a rural area, town, or city, nature is all around us. Harness the power of nature to live your life and slowly accomplish your dreams. Essay Prompt? Alexis Evans is a teacher and complementary therapist in the UK. Psychology? She is the essay founder of zenmindbody, a mobile holistic therapies service for ladies. Visit www.zenmindbody.co.uk to find out academic paper, more or connect with Alexis. Did you enjoy this post? Please share the wisdom :) Wow! I feel like you are talking to me#8230;I#8217;m going thru a horrible time being unemployed and your article really gives me the strength to keep going and not get down on prompt myself, especially #2 #3.
Thank you so much for writing this! your words weave a peaceful and academic paper inspiring space among my thoughts.. I recover a little each day from abuse.. Samford Essay? you define a little the among the historians idea of a path.. thank you. great points! good to remember and get inspiration from. Samford Essay Prompt? thanks! Love your lessons from nature Alexis and you are so right it is only when we slow down that we can actually appreciate the lessons that nature is teaching us every day. This is a beautiful article and I am so, so glad I took the time to read it today. Over the past few weeks I have been learning the essays mcmillan art of samford mindfulness to keep myself grounded in the moment instead of flying off into an anxious fit, which has been happening way too often over the past few months that it has made my life a fragile shell of what it used to be. It#8217;s really all about slowing down and most accepting each moment for what it is and deciding which thoughts will remain thoughts and which thoughts will become actions. Essay Prompt? I feel that since life has become so hurried that no one makes the time to do this and our minds become disjointed and frantic.
Using nature as a guide is thesis training, surely something that everyone can identify with and I am going to incorporate that idea into my daily mindfulness practise. Samford? Thank you again, I still can#8217;t believe how much this hit home with me! I find just going with the counseling psychology research paper flow, loving the process, brings the best results. Samford Essay Prompt? I#8217;m so glad the article resonated with you. Thank you for taking the time to read it! Thanks Lea, glad you liked it!
That is awesome Allison, I am a big fan of mindfulness and it sounds like you#8217;ve been finding it a really helpful concept too. Thank you for reading the article and I#8217;m so happy that it connected with you! Thanks Kathy, really appreciate your comment. I love this,Mark, and it#8217;s something I definitely try to work on doing better. In admiration of your flow-going! I#8217;m so pleased that you found the training article helpful, silkred; thank you. Prompt? Good post, thanks. I certainly gain a lot of replenishment and inspiration from regular time in an anthropologist among the historians and other essays review, nature. On your point #8220;collaboration#8221;, I#8217;m reading #8220;Cooked#8221; by samford essay Michael Pollan, and he#8217;s talking about how we depend on collaboration with microbes in our body, especially the most digestive track. So that collaboration with nature is literally within us, too.
This is really great! I feel like it was inspiring, conversational, and definitely not preachy. #128578; Thanks. Great article, I really enjoyed that, thank you. Thank you for such a wonderful article. Samford Prompt? You literally spoke to me because I#8217;m dealing with a hard time in my life I#8217;ve become so stressed out. The pressure to be successful reach a certain level in life doesn#8217;t make it better, but I had to counseling psychology research paper, remember that life takes time patience. Prompt? Blessings to you #128578; It#8217;s so important to realize what makes you happy and allows you to be fulfilled. Great postreally makes me think about going slow and enjoying life! #8212; Jenna.
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essay on catholic AN ESSAY ON CATHOLIC MARRIAGE. Rama Coomaraswamy, M.D. It is no accident, as the Socialists say, that Socialism and Sex (or free love) come in together as advanced ideas. Essay! They supplement each other. Russian dissident Igor Shafarevich, in his profound book The Socialist Phenomenon, explains that the Socialist project of homogenizing society demands that the family be vitiated or destroyed. This can be accomplished in good measure by profaning conjugal love and breaking monogamy's link between Sex and loyalty.
Hence, in their missionary phases Socialist movements often stress sexual liberation, and members of abortion is morally essay radical organizations may impose mandatory promiscuity within the group, everyone sharing a bed with each of the others, each equally related to each. It is the ultimate in leveling. Few Americans will buy a bottle labeled Socialism. The cunning of the Socialist hive has consisted largely in its skill in piggybacking on samford essay, the more attractive things. Like Sex. Now it is obvious that the Evil one, who from the beginning has wanted to poison and destroy the work of the Creator, will rage incessantly against these four - marriage, sexuality, love, procreation - for among and other essays, he hates everything about them. In all times and places it has been man's delight to essay prompt, think of famous essays human love as a type of divine Love and of human marriage as a type of the marriage of the soul with God Many marriages get into trouble.
The causes of this can be listed as the world, the samford essay prompt, flesh and the devil. This old canard is not without meaning. The world imposes innumerable pressures on marriage both by most essays, its value system or rather, negative value system, and by the difficulties of earning an adequate and honorable living. How often our children are mis-educated and our women forced to work outside the home if the family is to survive as an economic unit. The flesh relates to samford essay, those problems that arise from within ourselves. Thesis On Teacher Training! A marital couple in conflict can truly be said to be at war - one is reminded of St. Paul's question, whence come your wars? - they come from your greeds and your lusts. And finally, there is the devil - or evil - which greatly delights in the destruction of marriage and the perversion of sex. There is much talk in Catholic literature of marriage, but very little of samford essay prompt sex. An Anthropologist The Historians And Other Review! Hence I shall try in what follows to deal with this delicate topic, as well as with love and marriage. Catholics are faced with a serious dilemma with regard to sex.
Brought up in an alien culture, bombarded with the distortions of the media, and strongly influenced by a scientific and biological educational background based on false philosophical and theological principles, they have increasingly tended to see sex only in its biological setting. In addition to such influences, they are also subjected to samford, a variety of distorted opinions on the subject from supposedly traditional sources. What I hope to do in what follows is present some insights into the Catholic view of sex based on documents drawn from the Church's Magisterium. In order to do this let us for a moment consider the nature of man - for most famous, sex must be placed within a given context. Unfortunately most of us have been influenced by evolutionary theory and hence we tend to see Natural Selection as a driving force in our lives. If man is only a higher form of animal, the product of natural evolution, then it logically follows that man's sexual and erotic life is seen in terms of an extension of animal instincts. The ultimate, positive basis of essay prompt human eroticism becomes the biological purpose of the wrong, species, usually seen in terms of survival. Not dissimilar to the purely biological point of view, is that which embraces the concept that sex is natural and that repressive cultural forces or religious attitudes have distorted our sexual lives.
According to samford essay prompt, this view, the only normal attitude towards sex is that of the uninhibited and amoral primitive savage - an opinion that refuses to most famous argumentative essays, recognize that even the most primitive of tribes in Africa and South America have strict rules with regard to sexual activity. This Rousseauian viewpoint is often embraced by modern writers. Thus, for example, Aldous Huxley in Point Counter Point describes D.H. Lawrence's attitude in the following terms: the natural appetites and desires of samford men are not what makes them so bestial. It is the imagination, the intellect, the principles, the education, the tradition. Leave the instincts to themselves and academic companies, they will do very little evil. The problem with both these viewpoints is that neither says anything about samford prompt, love. Without love, sexuality becomes like the activities of the birds and the bees. Most philosophers hold that man is distinguished from the on teacher, beast because of samford prompt his ability to think and will; similarly, most philosophers place love within the realm of the will.  For man to reduce sex to a natural or instinctive act, or to use the words of Lawrence, to blood and flesh, can only signify degradation, for what is called natural for man as man is not at all the same as what the term natural signifies in the case of animals. This does not mean that sex for man is not natural, but rather that, like all his acts, both his intellect and will to some degree are involved.
Clearly man shares certain instincts with animals - but a man is not said to act in an animal manner unless he refuses to academic companies, use his higher powers to modify his instinctual drives. (The reader is referred to the essay on samford, Psychological Integration and the Religious Outlook in this collection.) Conformity is natural when it is conformity to one's own type. A horse would not be seen as natural if he ran like a rabbit, and vice versa. What is normal to man must take into consideration the fact that he is placed at the apex of God's creation and made in the image of God. For him to act in paper a manner that refuses recognition to his stature is for him to act unnaturally. Proof for this contention can be found in samford essay the fact that the false notion of sexual love as a physical need.
As Julius Evola points out, A physical sexual desire never exists in man; the desire of man is substantially always psychic, and abortion wrong essay, his physical desire is only a translation and transposition of psychic desire. Only in the most primitive individual does the circuit close so fast that only the terminal fact of the essay, process is present in most famous essays their conscious as a sharp, driving carnal lust unmistakably linked to physiological conditional qualities which take the foremost place in animal sexuality.  Nor can it be claimed that human sex is driven by an instinct for samford essay prompt, reproduction. As one wit put it, when Adam awoke next to Eve, he did not cry out and say 'behold the mother of my children.' I have said that the problem of the biological or Rousseauian viewpoints is most argumentative essays that while they speak of the emotions, they say nothing of love. Samford Prompt! Now, despite innumerable attempts to define the nature of love, none of them have been wholly successful.
This is not surprising in that there is something mysterious about this affliction. The Historians And Other Essays Review! However, I believe there are certain characteristics - perhaps one could say symptoms that are fairly universally recognized. Samford! Love by thesis on teacher, its very nature seems to prompt, 1) involve the whole being. Thesis On Teacher! No one ever claimed to love another other than with their whole body, soul, and spirit. 2) love demands or longs for eternity. A person truly in love wants to bind himself forever to his beloved. 3) love sees in the beloved, not his or her faults, but rather his or her perfections. The very names of endearment speak to this, for the beloved is an angel if not a god or goddess; he or she embodies - or at least potentially embodies - all the qualities of the divine prototype - the samford essay, solar hero, the is morally essay, flawless maiden. 4) both parties to the loving relationship see their worldly, if not their eternal happiness to lie in the perpetual enjoyment of each other's company. 5) love requires an act of the will - a commitment - directed towards what is understood as desirable - an samford prompt act of the counseling psychology, will which also excludes anything that intrudes upon the unity of the parties involved.
To say this is not to exclude the emotions, for as has been pointed out above, the act of loving involves the whole of what one is. It follows then that one who refuses to commit himself, or who breaks a commitment in order to start another relationship, fools himself. Such a person confuses the excitement of novelty with authentic happiness.  What role does marriage play in all this? Borrowing from von Hildebrand, marriage is the friend and protector of love. Marriage gives love the samford essay prompt, structure and shelteredness, the climate in which alone it can grow.
Marriage teaches spouses humility and psychology paper, makes them realize that the human person is a very poor lover. Much as we long to love and to be loved, we repeatedly fall short and desperately need help. We must bind ourselves through sacred vows so that the bond will grant our love the strength necessary to essay, face the tempest-tossed sea of our human condition. Marriage, because it implies will, commitment, duty, and responsibility, braces spouses to fight to on teacher training, save the precious gift of their love. Almost all cultures initiate and establish marriage with religious rites. For those that believe in God, knowing how difficult marriage can be when we lose sight of the inner essence of the beloved and see only his or her outer accidental qualities, realizing that they have made a commitment or a vow made to God, and asking a higher power to succor their weakness, becomes an inestimable source of strength; a means of renewing their commitment and of assuming their responsibilities which not infrequently take on samford essay, the form of a cross. Marriages involve commitments in illness and in health, for better or for worse.
Religions tend to view marriage as a contract.  This in no way is meant to exclude love, regardless of whether that love has led to the marriage, or the psychology research paper, arranged marriage has opened the door to love. This is not only prompt because every commitment has a contractual aspect to it, but also because religions tend to training, see marriage in a broader context - that of society as a whole, and therefore as directed towards what philosophers call the common good. Essay! Whereas modern social theory tends to view each individual as tied to the state, traditional societies tend to see the family as the basic building block of society. The very word economia means family, and is morally, so it is that both religion and traditionally minded governments do everything possible to maintain and foster the integrity of the family. If marriage is a contract, it is not a contract in the ordinary sense of the word. Prompt! It is not a contract in which man's subsidiary goods - his house or property - are transferred, but one in which it is abortion is morally wrong his and her very person which is transferred. No man or woman has the right to say of another that you are mine. Two beings alone can say this to one another because they have truly and freely given themselves to samford prompt, one another.
What is exchanged is their will and consent, and this, unlike any other contract, irrevocably. This is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh. Abortion Essay! what God has joined together let no man put asunder. And subsequent to this proclamation God instructs the couple to increase and multiply. To speak of family is to speak of progeny.  Now there is no question but that, as St. Augustine says, the sanctity of the sacrament is more important than the fecundity of the womb.  Yet, the childless family always bears a tragic aspect. No wonder then that most religions agree with the Catholic principle that the essay prompt, primary purpose of marriage is the procreation and education of children, and the secondary purpose of most essays marriage is the fostering of the unitive relationship of the parties involved.  Let us be clear on what the procreation and education of essay children means. It does not mean that one should have as many children as possible, but rather that in a marriage the children come first - not just their production, but their upbringing. Psychology Research Paper! Further, by education one does not necessarily mean a Harvard degree, but rather the formation and development of essay prompt complete human beings; individuals whose physical, psychic and spiritual development is fostered. What this means is that, should love grow cold and the unitive aspect of marriage fall apart, the parents are obliged to sacrifice their personal needs - their desires to love and be loved - for the sake of the children. This may seem to us to be a painful course to follow. But, as St.
Seraphim of Sarov points out: Christian marriage is a life-work. It is is morally wrong easy only in ideal circumstances. Fidelity to the end, St. Seraphim taught, is essential to happiness. If Christians find they cannot live together, they go on living together for their homes, their children, for samford prompt, the Church and for God.
It may mean much suffering, but this married life is the way to heaven. For only those who take up the cross can follow Christ. Is Morally Essay!  All of us are familiar with the arguments against samford prompt, remaining married when the interpersonal relationship breaks down. Always rooted in this breakdown is self-will or selfishness. (If as discussed below, the wife is obedient and the husband an alter Christus , there is no real possibility of counseling paper divorce.) Even apart from the spiritual effects on the partners, one must consider the devastating effects of divorce on children. One has only to consider the studies of Wallerstein to see the long term effects. And so it is that religions either forbid divorce, or make it extremely difficult to obtain. Obtaining a Gett in Judaism is, I am told, almost impossible.
In Islam where divorce is allowed, there is a Hadith or teaching of Mohammed to the effect that God hates nothing more than divorce. Among Hindus, divorce is forbidden in the higher castes, though allowed for essay prompt, the untouchables, who are those considered outside the pale of religion and hence those not held to high moral values. Before we raise objections to the concept of untouchables, let me remind you that from the an anthropologist the historians essays review, orthodox Hindu point of view, those that are not born and do not live in accord with Hindu moral principles are all untouchables. But the religious outlook on marriage is by no means limited to strengthening its contractual character or safeguarding its social or unitive purpose. Orthodox religion places marriage in the overall context of what, for lack of a better word, I will call salvation. Religion desires for all men and samford, women, regardless of their state of life, sanctity and ultimately the beatific vision. Morality is not an abortion is morally essay end in itself, but only predispositive to the sanctified life. And with this in view it encourages each and every person to love Truth, Beauty and Goodness, the essential qualities and names of God. It sees human love as a reflection of samford divine love and human marriage macroscosmically as a reflection of the argumentative essays, relationship between the soul and God; microscosmically as the relationship between what spiritual writers have called the lesser self and the greater Self or spiritual center of our being. This moral and spiritual outlook is prompt clearly stated by St. Paul in thesis on teacher Ephesians, Chapter V. After stressing the need to samford essay, live a life dedicated to their sanctification, Paul instructs the partners in marriage to be subject to one another, in thesis training the fear of Christ.
He continues: Let women be subject to their husbands as to the Lord: Because the husband is the head of the wife as Christ is the head of the church. He is the savior of his body. Therefore as the church is subject to essay prompt, Christ, so also let the thesis, wives be to their husbands in all things. Husbands, love your wives as Christ also loved the church, and delivered himself up for it, That he might sanctify it, cleansing it by the laver of water in the word of life. so also ought men to love their wives as their own bodies.
For this cause shall a man leave his father and prompt, mother, and shall cleave to famous argumentative, his wife, and essay, they shall be two in one flesh. This is a great sacrament.  This is by no means the only place where Scripture teaches the hierarchical nature of marriage. Wrong! Leaving apart the samford essay prompt, passage in Genesis II:24 and an anthropologist among and other essays review, innumerable examples of the essay, relationship of write assignments men and women in the Old Testament, let us turn to the new dispensation. In the First Letter to essay prompt, the Corinthians Paul treats of abuses in divine worship in this manner: But, I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the essays mcmillan, woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God. Every man praying or prophesying with his head covered, disgraceth his head. Essay! But every woman praying or prophesying with her head not covered, disgraceth her head. The man indeed ought not to cover his head, because he is the image and glory of God; but the woman is the glory of the man. For the man is not of the woman, but the woman of the man. Psychology! For the man was not created for the woman, but the woman for the man. Therefore ought the essay prompt, woman to have a cover over her head, because of the angels (XI: 3-10).
The Apostle Paul here confirms again the teaching of the submission of the companies, woman to the man. He holds this submission to be important, and samford essay, under the inspiration of the Holy Ghost, institutes a sign of recognition for this submission. Paper Companies! The woman should cover her head during worship services, so as to honor her head, that is to essay, say, her husband. A little later in the same Epistle St. Paul writes again on the subject of divine worship: Let women keep silence in most famous essays the churches; for it is not permitted them to speak, but to be subject, as also the [old] law saith. But if they would learn any thing, let them ask their husbands at essay home. For it is a shame for thesis, a woman to speak in the church. If any seem to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him know the prompt, things that I write to you, that they are commandments of the Lord (XIV:35). This law of the Lord is on teacher training addressed above all to women, who should keep silent during divine worship. And from this we have to essay, conclude that liturgical functions, such as lector or priest, are forbidden to wrong essay, them according to divine law. To consider that the submission of the prompt, wife to her husband is an assignments mcmillan order from God appears to us to be a proximate notion.
For the law states that they ought to be subject not only in Church, but everywhere, as for example in samford essay prompt the family. St. Paul is only drawing out the consequences of this principle. This law, which should not only be applied to Jews, but also to Christians, is part of the thesis on teacher training, natural law. The submission of the wife in the order of natural law is demanded in marriage and in divine worship, but also by Christ from samford whom the Apostle conveys this Revelation. Not to accept the Apostle's views is to question the abortion, dogma which teaches that every book of the samford essay, Bible is inspired by the Holy Spirit. The Apostle Paul also confirms his teaching on the submission of the wife to her husband in his Epistle to Timothy (II: 9-15). It would be erroneous to assert that this teaching is exceptional and only presented by St. Academic Companies! Paul. St. Peter has stated it in similar terms: In like manner also, let wives be subject to their husbands (I Pet.
III:1). Thus the Apostles Peter and Paul conjointly attest to the veracity of this doctrine. The position taken by the popes on samford, the question as to who is head of the thesis on teacher training, family is likewise very clear. Leo XIII's Encyclical Arcanum divinae sapientiae states: The husband is the chief of the family and the head of the wife. The woman, because she is flesh of his flesh, and bone of his bone, must be subject to her husband and obey him; not, indeed, as a servant, but as a companion, so that her obedience shall be wanting in neither honor nor dignity.
Since the husband represents Christ, and since the wife represents the Church, let there always be, both in him who commands and in her who obeys, a heaven-born love guiding both of their respective duties. Pius XI was also strongly attached to this principle. In his famous Encyclical on marriage, Casti connubii , he states: domestic society being confirmed therefore, by this bond of prompt love, there should flourish in it that 'order of love,' as St. Augustine calls it. An Anthropologist Among The Historians And Other Essays Review! This order includes both the primacy of the samford essay, husband with regard to the wife and her willing obedience, which the Apostle commands in these words: 'Let women be subject to their husbands as to the Lord, because the husband is head of the wife and counseling paper, Christ is head of the Church'. This subjection, however, does not deny or take away the liberty which fully belongs to the woman both in essay prompt view of her dignity as a human person, and in view of her most noble office as wife and mother and companion; nor does it bid her obey her husband's every request if not in harmony with right reason or with the dignity of a wife; nor, in fine, does it imply that the wife should be put on the level with persons who in law are called minors, to whom it is customary not to allow free exercise of their rights on account of their lack of mature judgment, or of their ignorance of human affairs. But it forbids that exaggerated liberty which cares not for the good of the family; it forbids that in this body which is the family, the heart be separated from the head to the great detriment of the essays assignments, whole body and the proximate danger of ruin. For if the man is the head, the samford prompt, woman is the essays assignments, heart, and he occupies the prompt, chief place in ruling, so she may and ought to claim for herself the is morally essay, chief place in love. Again, this subjection of wife to husband in essay prompt its degrees and manner may vary according to the different conditions of persons, place and time. The Historians Essays Review! In fact, if the husband neglects his duty, it falls to the wife to samford essay prompt, take his place in directing the family. But the structure of the family and its fundamental law, established and confirmed by God, must always and everywhere be maintained intact.
I have reproduced this passage in counseling its entirety because Pius XI comes to an important conclusion, the content of which is the basis for samford essay, the document: the submission of companies woman to man is the samford essay prompt, fundamental law of the family established and fixed by God. Pope Pius XII reiterated this principle and once again made it clear that the family had been willed by God to have a head. This head has authority over most, the one who has been given to be his companion. and over those who, when the Lord gives his blessing, will be multiplied and rejoice like the luxuriant shoots of an olive tree. When asked whether or not this teaching was still relevant for modern families he responded: We indeed know that, just as equality in studies at school, in the sciences, sports and essay, other competitions, gives rise to sentiments of pride in the hearts of many women. All about you many voices will portray this subjection as something unjust; they will suggest to you a prouder independence. Be on your guard against these words of the serpent, of temptation and of lies: do not become other Eves, do not turn away from the only road which can lead you, even from the here and now, to true happiness. One last quote taken from Scripture: authority as head of the on teacher training, family comes from God, as formerly God had accorded power and samford prompt, authority to Adam, the head of all mankind; Adam should have transmitted all these gifts to his descendants. Thesis On Teacher Training! For Adam was formed first, then Eve. Prompt! And Adam was not seduced; but the woman being seduced. On Teacher! fell into disobedience (I Tim., II:13-14) . We will see later that marriage must be entered into with the essay, proper intentions.
At least one Catholic theologian has opinioned that the acceptance of a hierarchical relationship in marriage is requisite for thesis, the intention to be proper. According to Moersdorf, a marriage is realized through uniformity of the will of both people. Both parties to the marriage have to be in agreement in order to affirm the prompt, essential content of the write essays, marriage contract, which is to say the one who wishes to conclude a marriage must be ready to prompt, accept the three characteristics of marriage. These are the right to the body, the indissolubility of marriage and the unity of marriage. The unity of essays marriage signifies, according to this author, the union of samford essay prompt one man with one woman, and therefore a single couple, and that the paper, man and women be united in samford essay a hierarchical order by an anthropologist among the historians and other essays review, a holy unity. According to Moersdorf, for the realization of a valid marriage, it is indispensable that the essay, contracting parties recognize and wrong essay, fulfill these conditions. If the necessary understanding and will for the conclusion of a marriage are seriously lacking, the marriage will not be valid.  Obedience and the acceptance of a hierarchy of authority are difficult for moderns to bear with.  How are such concepts compatible with the principles of freedom equality and brotherhood?  Well clearly they are not. But before wives get too upset about the need to obey - a Fiat reflective of that made by samford essay, the Blessed Virgin, and implicitly one made by the Church, let us consider the far heavier obligation on the husband - namely that he love the wife as Christ loves His Church.  Note here the seemingly double command - to be alter Christus or another Christ and to love as Christ loves. Now such is no easy task, and what woman would not want to be married to such a man? Even God has limits, for He cannot be other than what He is - He cannot be other than love.
And there is yet another mystery involved - one that becomes present when the marriage is an anthropologist among the historians and other essays review blessed with children. Consider how it is that God is called Father, the priest is samford called father and is truly father to the community; and finally, the head of the family is also called father - for all three share in counseling psychology research paper authority, in procreativity, and in love. I will speak in the following passages of procreativity, because, just as the fruit of God's love is prompt his creation, so also the fruit of the psychology, couple's love is fecund, not apart from God, but because the couple participate in God's creativity. Custom recognizes this in the practice of the husband carrying the wife over the lintel into their future home. The husband is a psychopomp - a guide of souls to the other world. The lintel or door through which the wife is carried represents an entrance into that state of unity where the two are joined in one flesh.
In this relationship the husband bears a spiritual as well as a material responsibility for his wife and offspring - one he will ultimately have to answer to God for. Marriage is ultimately a rather serious affair. The acceptance of these principles makes Marriage a spiritual path. St. Alphonsus Liguori clearly states that for someone called to the state of marriage to become a priest is to risk damning his soul - he says the same with regard to someone called to the priesthood entering marriage.  Let me stress the word called. This in Latin translates as vocation. Unfortunately, we have become accustomed to exclusively applying this term to the religious life. But such is not the attitude of the saints.
St. Francis de Sales once exclaimed O how agreeable to God are the virtues of a married woman, for essay, they must be strong and excellent to survive this vocation.  Similarly, Pope Pius XII spoke to essays review, newlyweds on May 3, 1939, telling them that it was their vocation to found a home and that this what God had asked of them. Samford Essay! Actually, the concept of vocation is broader than at first would appear to be the companies, case - or rather, it is a concept that can be understood on many levels. We all have a vocation to sanctity, regardless of our state in essay prompt life. And similarly, the professions we engage in - providing they are legitimate - are also vocations. Thus medicine and law are also seen as callings. Vocations are of course, a means to an end, and thus ultimately they are a means of sanctification, for sanctification is the true goal which God wishes for all of us. As St.
Therese of Liseaux wrote to Mme. Pottier, a married woman with children: So for both of us the thesis training, blest days of our childhood are over! We are now in samford essay the serious stage of life; we are following very different roads, but the end is the is morally, same. Each of essay prompt us must have but one same purpose, to sanctify ourselves in the road that God has marked out for us.  Vocations can be seen as existing on an anthropologist, several levels of samford essay reference - for example, one's state in life, and thesis on teacher training, one's means of samford prompt making a living. Strictly speaking, we should all be artists and make our livings by some craft. The craftsman makes useful objects - consider the stone mason who, parallel with his work fashions his soul in view to training, uniting it with God. Essay Prompt! How sad that in our day, most of essays us are denied the opportunity to follow a craft. By practicing one's vocation, one practices the virtues, or more precisely, one eliminates the vices which are their opposite.  The obligation to sanctity falls upon all of us.
When some of the laity protested to St. John Chrysostom that they were not monks, he responded that all the precepts of the Law apply equally to monks and to the laity, with the exception of one, celibacy. Samford Prompt!  And who of us can dare to proclaim that the essays, sexual act precludes the possibility of sanctity, especially when this act in its proper setting, as will be shown, is a reflection of the true relationship between God and the soul. Samford Prompt! To speak of vocations however is not to say they are all of equal stature. Counseling Psychology Paper! Just as a loving father provides each of his children with what is necessary for their proper development, so also does Our Lord provide each of us with a vocation suitable to our needs and abilities. A surgeon is a higher calling than that of a plumber - though both can perfect their souls by the manner in which they practice their calling. Essay Prompt! And so it is that the religious life in which the individual is married to Christ, is a higher calling than the married state.  We of course know that there have been many married saints. St. Marcarius and St.
Anthony of the Desert both sent postulants to learn from people in the married state. Unfortunately however, many authors writing about academic paper, married saints convey to us the message that such individuals were saints, not because they fulfilled the obligations of the married state with heroic virtue, but rather, despite the fact that they were married. Sometimes, when I look at the clergy and know that some priests have been canonized, I am inclined to prompt, suspect that their sanctity was also achieved despite their vocations. But such is equally absurd. Allow me to string together a few quotations from St. Argumentative Essays! Francis de Sales addressed to samford, women in the married state: You must not only be devout, and love devotion, but you must make it amiable, useful, and on teacher training, agreeable to everyone one. The sick will love your devotion if they are charitably consoled by samford, it; your family will love it if they find you more careful of their good, more gentle in little accidents that happen, more kind in correcting, and so on; your husband, if he sees that as your devotion increases you are more devoted to his regard, and thesis on teacher, sweet in your love to him; your parents and friends if they perceive in you more generosity, tolerance and condescension towards their wills, when not against the will of God. In short, you must as far as possible, make your devotion attractive. Prompt! Oh my daughter, how agreeable to God are the mcmillan, virtues of a married woman, for they must be strong and excellent to last in that vocation. Take particular pains to do all you can to acquire sweetness amongst your people.
I mean in your household. I do not say that you must be soft and remiss, but gentle and samford essay, sweet. My God, how holy, my dear daughter, and how agreeable to God we would be if we knew how to use properly the counseling psychology research, subjects of mortification which our vocation affords; for they are without doubt greater than among religious; the evil is that we do not make them useful as they do. And of married people he directed, he said: O my God, what grand souls have I found here in the servitude of God. the state of samford essay marriage is one which requires more virtue and constancy than any other; it is a perpetual exercise of mortification. He adds an important caveat which we must all take to heart: And what is it that makes [the commandments of the vocation of marriage] burdensome to you? Nothing in famous essays truth save your own will which desires to reign in samford essay you at any cost. a person who has not the fever of self-will is satisfied with everything, provided that God is counseling research paper served.ADVANCE u 3  St. Lewis of Granada mentions yet another caveat which all of us should keep in mind. He tells us let the married woman look to the government of her house, and take care of samford prompt her family, please her husband, and do all that a wife should do; when she has satisfied these obligations let her spend the rest of her time in devotion as much as she pleases, but still, let her remember, that the duties of her state call her first.
Lest you think I am picking on the women, I shall add the rest of the passage: let those that are fathers of children frequently reflect upon counseling paper, the severe punishment that was inflicted upon Heli for his neglect in chastising and instructing his sons (I Kings, IV). Consider the sins of the children are, in some manner, imputed to the fathers, and that the ruin of a son is very often the cause of the father's destruction; nor does he deserve the bare name of samford essay prompt father who after having begotten his son for this world, does not also beget him for wrong essay, the next.  The passage from St. Paul quoted above provides us with the samford essay, fundamental outline of the spiritual life. Consider the statement in Genesis to the effect that Adam was made in the image and likeness of God. Why this double description? Why should Scripture be so redundant? Thanks to the expositions of the Church fathers this passage becomes clearer.
Adam was indeed made in the image and likeness of God. But when he fell, he lost that likeness while retaining the image. Counseling Research Paper! Now we are, as St. Bernard tells us, incapable of losing that image, but like the fallen Adam, we have lost the likeness. The entire spiritual life is aimed at regaining that likeness. It is only when we achieve this that we can say with St. Paul, I live not I, but Christ within me.
It is only when this state is achieved that both priest and father can truly - that is fully - love. And if the wife in obeying her husband, obeys Christ; the husband, like any true king, can only rule by divine right, - that is by essay prompt, commanding what Christ would command. When the king, priest or husband commands other than by among, divine right - which is to say, enforces laws or rules that are not divine in nature - when he commands what he wants apart from prompt or in opposition to the divine laws, he becomes a despot. The husband in the family may rule by divine right, but never by his own right. By extension, the family is modeled after that established by counseling research, St. Joseph and essay, the Blessed Virgin - our homes should aim at being another Nazareth. The human being as individual is also a hierarchy in which the higher powers should have authority over the lower ones. Consider the Lord's prayer.
Thy Kingdom come, on earth as it is in essays assignments heaven. That heaven is samford prompt described as a hierarchical structure is counseling psychology research not a historical accident. Nor is it a manifestation of St. Paul's or ancient Jewish misogyny. Christ is our King - both priest and King, and we pay him homage as do the essay prompt, innumerable choirs of angels. Now the saints tell us that this phrase of the Lord's Prayer is one which request this hierarchical relationship to come down in our society, in our families and convents, and above all in our own hearts. It is this hierarchical relationship which explains the most famous argumentative essays, statement of several saints to the effect that all creation is feminine in relation to God.  On the microcosmic level - on the level of each of our lives, we are constantly faced with a need to choose between centering our actions and our being - if such were possible, on our little selves or egos, or on God which dwells within us. This is the battle against self love - or if you prefer, selfishness. It is not God - the Holy Spirit - that imago dwelling within our hearts that is selfish, hurt, angry, resentful or unforgiving - but rather our egos, our little selves.
We are constantly at samford essay prompt war or as the psychiatrists would put it, in conflict with ourselves. And thus it is that we say to the unruly child or adult, get hold of yourself. St. Paul describes this well when he says I see another law in my members, repugnant to the laws of my mind, and capturing me in the law of argumentative sin that is in my members (Rom. VII:25).  Some exegetes would infer that this statement refers exclusively to a sexual conflict, but reference to samford prompt, other parts of Scripture make it clear that by members - note the plural - the sacred writers are referring to all the argumentative essays, passions that afflict our souls - thus St. James tells us that the samford prompt, tongue is set among our members which defileth the wrong, whole body. (James III, 5,6) It is important then to realize that there are a series of hierarchies involved. There is God and his bride the Church; There is the husband and his bride or wife, and there is the Spirit of God that dwells within us, and our psycho-physical nature. In each of samford essay these there is a hierarchy to which we must conform ourselves. These three hierarchies are intimately entwined.  Consider the following exposition of the Parable of the woman by essays assignments, the well to whom Christ offered the water of eternal life. When the woman asked for this water Christ told her to call her husband.
John Scotus Erigina explains the mystical meaning of this parable: The woman is the rational soul [ anima ], whose husband [literally vir or 'man' (with the connotation of 'active power') not maritus or conjunx ] is understood to be the animus, which is variously named now intellect [ intellectus ], now mind [ mens ], now animus and often even spirit [spiritus]. This is the husband of whom the Apostle speaks the head of the woman is the man, the head of the man is Christ, the head of Christ is God. Samford Essay! I other words, the head of the anima is the intellectus , and the head of the intellectus is Christ. Such is the natural order of the human creature.
The soul must be submitted to the rule of the mind, the mind to abortion wrong, Christ, and thereby the samford, whole being is submitted through Christ to God the Father. Spirit revolves perpetually about God and most essays, is therefore well named the husband and guide of the other parts of the essay, soul, since between it and its creator no creature is among essays review interposed. Reason in turn revolves around the knowledge and causes of created things, and whatever spirit receives through eternal contemplation it transmits to reason and reason commends to memory. The third part of the soul is interior sense, which is subordinate to samford prompt, reason as the faculty which is superior to it, and by means of reason is also subordinate to spirit. Finally, below the interior sense in is morally the natural order is the exterior sense, through which the whole soul nourishes and rules the fivefold bodily senses and samford, animates the argumentative, whole body.
Since, therefore, reason can receive nothing of the essay, gifts from on essay, high unless through her husband, the spirit, which holds the chief place of all nature, the woman or anima is rightly ordered to call her husband or intellectus with whom and by whom she may drink spiritual gifts and withoutwhom she may in no wise participate in gifts from on high. For this reason Jesus says to her, 'Call your husband, come hither.' Do not have the presumption to come to samford essay, me without your husband. For, if the counseling psychology research, intellect is absent, one may not ascend to the heights of theology, nor participate in spiritual gifts.  It is in the light of such understanding that the theologians have said that all creation is feminine to God.  Yet another way of envisioning the relationship between man and women is to samford essay, recognize that man manifests his Christic nature as Warrior (Hero, King) and as Ascetic (Priest), which is to say, in the realms of Action and Contemplation. (Christ is both King and Priest). The woman realizes herself, raises herself to paper companies, the level of the man as Ascetic or as Warrior, insofar as she is either Lover or Mother.
In the words of Evola, as there is an active heroism, so also there is a negative heroism - they are the two sides of one and the same ideal; there is the samford prompt, heroism of absolute affirmation and that of absolute dedication, and the one can be as luminous as the other. It is these differentiations of the heroic concept that determine the distinctive characteristics of the ways proper to men and to woman thought of as types. To the research, act of the warrior and the ascetic, accomplished in samford the one case by is morally essay, pure action and in the other by detachment, whereby these are established in samford a life beyond mere living, there corresponds in the woman the heroism of total self-surrender to another being, of existence altogether for the sake of another being - whether a beloved man (if she is a Lover) or a child (if she is a Mother) - in which she finds the academic companies, meaning of her own life, her own delight and her own justification.  We are all aware of how love can be a transforming experience - even the love of a child for a dog - and certainly the love of samford one human being for another. In a moment, as C. Thesis On Teacher! S. Lewis has pointed out, love has made appetite itself altruistic, tossed personal happiness aside as a triviality, and placed the interests of another in samford prompt the center of our own being. At one bound, it has leaped over the high wall of our selfhood. We find ourselves as regards the other person really fulfilling the write essays assignments, law, really loving another as ourselves. But having done this, the mere falling in love will do no more. Eros has done his stuff. He will not extend this selflessness to others beside the beloved. He may do quite the opposite.
He will not even perpetuate it towards her. He will not of himself remain in that relationship and continue to be the sort of lover he promised to be. He may not remain any sort of lover at all. He may simply die. For of course, as we all really know, mere spontaneous feeling will not keep any pair in samford essay prompt love even for a few months or weeks. The passion in its total and selfless commitment is intermittent and recurrent. The old self, as after a religious conversion, soon turns out not to be so dead as it seemed. In both the old self may for a moment be knocked flat, but it will soon be up again, if not on his feet, at least on his elbow. If not roaring, at least back to his old surly grumbling or mendicant whine.
The corruptions return. Venus may sometimes slip back into mere sexuality, but what is ten times worse, that desire for the beloved, for total unity, may take on a morbid form. It may come to be a sort of imperialism, a desire for an anthropologist review, absorbing without being absorbed, possessing without being possessed, making the beloved's every thought, wish and interest, a mere reflection of oneself. And since the prompt, beloved may often have exactly the same program for you, success, which would be infamous if achieved, is not very probable. At this stage the couple are almost fortunate if they fall out of love altogether, but they may remain in it, in that sort of love which is increasingly a sort of hatred. jealous, exacting and counseling paper, resentful. C.S. Lewis continues: My point is not that these dangers cannot be averted. They are averted daily by thousands of couples, but they are not averted by Eros - by love - itself.
If love is to remain, it must be supported by outside help. You need a firm will to samford essay, justice, you need a will already pretty well formed or disciplined. In the long run you need the most famous argumentative, grace of God. Its rather like a garden. A garden is a glorious thing, full of life, and giving us life.
But you must not trust your garden to weed itself or fence itself, or prune itself, or anything of that sort. Prompt! It hasn't got that kind of goodness. A garden left to nature will soon not be a garden. It is the same with our passions. They also are life giving. Wrong! But when God planted that garden, he placed a man over it to dress it and set the man under Himself.  For most of us, being in love is often the best experience of our lives, precisely because the state excludes vileness and essay prompt, involves a surpassing of our lesser selves. Argumentative! Unfortunately our egos rapidly come to the fore and the relationship becomes riddled with habit and triviality.
Retaining a sense of the samford, mystery in marriage requires both nobility and a sense of the sacred. As another author has said, a profane man may look back on his youthful love and think that now he is 'beyond' such 'illusions of youth'; but in fact it is he who has succumbed to essays assignments, the illusion and triviality of profane life, whereas in his youth he tasted something of greatness and prompt, nobility which he ought to have tried to maintain by leading a spiritual life. Abortion Is Morally Wrong! Man cannot easily escape the temptation to essay, humanize the sacred rather than sacralize the human. Plato uses many words that we have translated as love. Among Review! There is storge , best translated as domestic love; there is samford filia , translated as friendship; there is Eros , or human love, there is Agape , often translated as selfless love, or charity; and there is epithumia which is lust. In the Symposium Plato calls Eros a mighty daemon. Thesis! being an intermediate between the nature of a god and the nature of a mortal. That Eros should have two sides results from the fact that Aphrodite, the goddess of love, has two aspects, labeled Aphrodite Urania and Aphrodite Pandemia. Samford Prompt! The first embodies love of a divine nature; the second profane love.  Now marriage as a vocation or way to perfect one's soul requires precisely the commitment and fight not to let the first kind deteriorate into the second.
It involves the constant choice of love over selfishness, of giving over taking. Despite its joys, marriage is thesis on teacher training a life of continuing sacrifice - of destroying the old man that the essay, new man might live.  Any father who faces the daily task of earning a living will be acquainted with sacrifice; as indeed, any woman who gets up in the middle of the night after a long day, to breast feed her child. To live in the married state without anger, impatience, resentment, selfishness is extremely difficult - witness the fact that marriages end up in divorce in paper companies over 60% of samford essay cases and beyond this, even those where the partners stay together, true love not infrequently dies. Lets face it: divorce is the result of selfishness on one or both partners sides. Marriage is a great sacrament. Notice that we are not taught that there is a sacrament in marriage, but that marriage itself is a sacrament.
As the Council of Trent taught, it is among essays a grace which perfects natural love, strengthens the union into an absolute indissolubility, and sanctifies the persons married. Grace, you will remember from your catechism, perfects nature. Without the samford prompt, sacramental graces, it is a wonder that any marriage survives. With sacramental grace every aspect of wrong marriage can be sanctifying. Plato speaks of the androgyne - the time when man and woman were united or joined together. They decided however that they would attack the gods and Zeus in samford his anger split them apart. Counseling Research! Now the understanding of Greek mythology is not easy. This mythological story drawn from Aristophanes may well relate to a time before the fall with the female soul was united to the male image of God or the samford essay, divine indwelling. This unity was lost with the fall. And the attraction towards the partner which is said to have resulted from research this division - the seeking of essay prompt wholeness, is but another way of describing the desire of the psyche-soul to be united with the indwelling spirit.
Ultimately Eros or human love must be transformed into Agape, divine love or Charity. The risk is that it will degenerate into write essays assignments mcmillan, mere passion or worse. While in the realm of mythology it is worth considering the story of St. George and samford essay prompt, the dragon and a host of variations in which the loathly princess is kissed by the solar hero and companies, restored to her rightful place. St. George slays the dragon, thus liberating the samford essay prompt, princess. Snow white, poisoned by the apple, is cured by the kiss of the is morally wrong essay, prince. We are all in need of this kiss which derives from slaying the essay, dragon of self-love.
Some of you will remember the novel 1984 which describes the new socialist world of future. The story speaks of the reverse possibility. In it a couple make the abortion is morally, terrible mistake of falling in love. Samford Essay Prompt! The state has no objection to their having sexual relations - the children of course to be brought up by the state. However, having fallen in love the couple proffer their loyalty to each other. This the state cannot tolerate. In order to correct their errors they are separately tortured. The inquisitor declares himself successful when the individuals concerned come to the point of wishing the suffering on their partner rather than desiring to suffer the torture for the sake of the partner.
I have many Catholic patients come to counseling paper, me as a psychiatrist who complain of having a poor self image. How is this possible if we are made in the image of Christ. It is only possible if we ignore this truth and center ourselves in our egos or little selves. Essay! And this brings me back to one of the most horrible confusions imposed upon the Catholic faithful by Vatican II. I say horrible because it fosters and approves the thesis, satisfying of this little self. You will immediately think of the heresy of religious liberty - and indeed in a sense you are correct. For the concept of religious liberty fundamentally teaches that we - our little selves - are the source of truth. This, incidentally, according to the Jewish fathers, is the worst form of idolatry.
However, the heresy I am referring to is one which affects us, if possible, even more directly, for it enters into and influences our married vocation from the moment of its inception until death do us part.. It is the heresy about the ends of marriage. The traditional teaching regarding the ends of marriage is encapsulated in Canon 1013 of the Code of samford essay Canon Law (1917). Vatican II declared that both ends are of equal value, but reversed the order in which they are stated. It further declared that the priest was obliged to make reference to this in an anthropologist among the historians and other review his sermon and admonition at the marriage ceremony.  he traditional teaching states:
The primary end of Marriage is the procreation and education of essay prompt offspring, while its secondary purposes are mutual help and allaying (also translated as a remedy for) concupiscence. The latter are entirely subordinate to the former. Pius XII commented on this in counseling psychology research paper a clear manner in his address to essay prompt, midwives on March 10, 1944. we showed what has been handed down by Christian tradition, what the assignments, Supreme Pontiffs have repeatedly taught, and prompt, what was then in due measure promulgated by the Code of is morally wrong Canon Law (Canon 1013). Not long afterwards, the Holy See, by prompt, a public decree, proclaimed that it could not admit the opinion of some recent authors who denied that the primary end of marriage is the procreation and education of the on teacher training, offspring, or teach that the secondary ends are not essentially subordinated to the primary end, but are on an equal footing and independent of it. This doctrine was declared de fide by the Holy Office with the approval of samford prompt Pius XII (AAS 36 (1944), 103) Let us look at what the change in thesis on teacher this teaching leads to: it opens the door to artificial forms of birth control, infidelity and divorce.
The traditional view demands that even the unitive ends of marriage must be sacrificed for the sake of the children. The new view declares that selfishness - for as has been made clear above, it is fundamentally selfishness that disrupts both love and marriage - has the right to sacrifice the children for its goals. And make no mistake about it. The psychiatric literature is replete with evidence of the effects wrought on the children by divorce, and that children would prefer to have their parents stay together even if their relationship is far from ideal. And to compound this terrible error, the new Church has made divorce easy by declaring that psychological immaturity is grounds for annulment - as if anyone other than the saint is psychologically mature. But what of this mutual help? This does not mean help in any worldly sense - the saving of money for retirement or succoring each other in essay prompt illness - though of course such is by no means excluded. Essay! Rather, it is that mutual help in gaining paradise. It often seems that the Church is essay prompt only concerned with the children - that she says little about the unitive ends of marriage.
Let us then look at this aspect of the married vocation with a little more care. I have already several times pointed to St. Paul's affirmation that marriage is a great sacrament. The sacramental graces are not only important for the keeping of love alive; they are also there for making that love a transforming experience through which we can sanctify our souls. St. Thomas says of this sacrament that it makes you propagators and preservers of the spiritual life according to a ministry which is at the same time corporal and spiritual.  Again, Pius XII informs us that your place in the Church as Christian couples is not then merely to beget children and offer living stones for essay, the work of priests, the highest ministers of samford God. The exceedingly abundant graces which flow from the sacrament of matrimony have not been given you merely for the sake of remaining fully and constantly faithful to most argumentative, God's law in the august moment of calling your children to life and for facing and supporting with Christian courage the pain, sufferings and worries that very often follow and accompany marriage. But such graces have been given you rather as a sanctification, light and essay, help in your corporal and spiritual ministry; for together with natural life it is among the historians and other essays your sacred duty, as God's instruments, to propagate, preserve and contribute to the development in the children given you by Him of that spiritual life infused in them by samford essay prompt, the washing of holy Baptism. It is pertinent that the minister of the sacrament of marriage is not the priest, but rather the couple involved and their reciprocal acceptance of each other.  The priest acts as the Church's witness.
Now a minister of a sacrament is but a simple instrument in God's hands. He and she pronounce the words which signify the grace proper to the Sacrament, but it is God alone Who produces such a grace, using man only as a minister acting in His name. Even non Catholic marriages have about them a certain sacramentality - that is provided they are entered into with the proper intention. And Other!  And thus the non-Catholic marriage for essay prompt, those whose ignorance of the faith is invincible becomes a source of grace. Counseling Research Paper! In fact, when a Protestant couple become Catholic, they do not receive a second sacramental marriage; rather, just as their entire life becomes sacramentalized, their marriage is automatically raised to the level of samford essay a Sacrament,. They may receive a nuptial blessing, but the blessing is a gift of the Church not intrinsically necessary to the marriage. Von Hildebrand likens marriage to write essays mcmillan, Holy Orders: with regard to its sacramental character, marriage must be compared to samford essay prompt, Holy Orders.
Leaving aside the internal holiness of the functions implied in the idea of a priest (which of its very nature calls down meriting graces), the priesthood - in on teacher training its character as a Sacrament - is a source of specific graces, a dispenser of graces. The same applies to marriage. Holy Orders not only carries graces with it, but produces grace and is the prompt, channel of special graces. In the same way, marriage has been honored in becoming one of the seven mysterious sources of participating in the divine life. Perhaps marriage as a Sacrament shows the closest affinity to Holy Orders, since it does not effect a rebirth (as do the Sacraments of Baptism and Penance) nor a perfection of this rebirth and essays assignments mcmillan, a union with Christ (as does the Sacrament of the Eucharist). Like Holy Orders the essay prompt, Sacrament of Matrimony is at the disposal only most of certain people who receive a special vocation to samford, it.
Marriage is in Catholic eyes, indissoluble.  Such inevitably follows from the thesis training, fact that it reflects - or should reflect - the divine or metaphysical principles on which it is based. Can the Church be divorced from Christ - Can Christ abandon the Church? Impossible! It is samford prompt because marriage is a sacred state reflecting a divine prototype that it is indisolvable. This does not mean that there cannot be a separation - usually temporary - in marriage caused by illness such as mental illness. But such a separation is not a dissolution or divorce. And always it becomes another cross. Those who aspire to a life without crosses, no matter what their vocation, are dreaming of a fools paradise. Once again, to quote St. Essays Mcmillan! Seraphim of Sarov: Christian marriage is a life-work.
It is prompt easy only in ideal circumstances. On Teacher Training! Fidelity to the end, St. Seraphim taught, is essential to happiness. If Christians find they cannot live together, they go on essay, living together for their homes, their children, for the Church and for write essays assignments, God. It may mean much suffering, but this married life is the way to heaven. For only those who take up the cross can follow Christ.  But what of the phrase that the couple are joined together until death do us part. Is not ideal human love eternal?
The answer is no. Human love is both a beautiful and at the same time, a pale reflection of Agape or divine love. It is essay only divine love that is essays assignments mcmillan eternal. And so it is in marriage that one must accept the painful fact that the most beautiful and perfect of marriages, like life itself, must see its termination, and that our eternal life is ultimately not of this world. I have already alluded to the fact that theological writers are prone to admit sanctity is possible in the married state, but almost always imply that this occurs despite marriage and not because of it. When we come to the matter of sex, this becomes even more striking. In fact they almost never write of sex except to warn us that it is samford prompt corrupted by concupiscence and paper, hence indulgence in the sexual act almost always involves a venial sin.  The idea that the grace of the sacrament stops at the sanctuary of the bedroom door is patently absurd.  Let us pause for a moment to state that if marriage is a sacred state reflecting the unity of essay Christ and the Church, and microscomically of our souls with that Christ that lives within us, than the same must also, by the very nature of things, be true of the sexual act. There is perhaps nothing with which we can better compare the counseling research, 'mystic union' of the finite with its infinite ambient, than the self-oblivion of earthly lovers locked in each other's arms where each is both, or to use the Scriptural phrase, united in one flesh.  So much is essay prompt this the case that in a Mediaeval Nuptial 'Ceremornarium' it is academic paper companies ordered that when a newly married pair are got to bed, the priest and acolytes shall enter, with censer and Holy Water, to give the Church's blessing on their union.  Sex has in every religion been surrounded by a host of what the anthropologists call taboos.
We tell our children in a thousand ways that sex is somehow evil or dirty, and unfortunately many - both lay and cleric - carry this attitude over into marriage. Samford! Sex is not evil or dirty, but rather sacred, and argumentative, that is why it is surrounded with taboos. Sex is samford essay prompt beautiful, and as St. Thomas Aquinas teaches, out of the divine beauty, all things are created. Now just as it would be sinful to give communion to individuals publicly known to be non Catholic or not in a state of grace, so also it is sinful to indulge in a sacred act outside of the married state. Academic Paper Companies! Not only is sex beautiful, it is, under the proper circumstances a source of grace. Such has always been the teaching of the Church fathers.
Consider the samford prompt, following: . St. John Chrysostom teaches that thanks to love, the on teacher training, man and essay prompt, the woman are drawn to the eternal life and moreover always attract to themselves the an anthropologist among essays review, grace of God. [marriage] is the sacrament of love ( Hom. 3 on Marriage ). St. Theohpile of Antioch teaches that God created Adam and Eve in order that they might have the greatest possible love for each other, reflecting the mystery of divine Unity (Ad Autolyc. 2.28 ). Essay! The German mystic von Baader said that the purpose of marriage is the reciprocal restoration of the among and other essays, celestial or angelic image as it should be in the man and woman. Samford! In the life of Saint Ida of Herzfeld, the wife of Count Egbert (Xth century), we find the following statement: at the moment when the is morally essay, two are united in prompt one flesh, there is present in among the historians and other essays them a single and similar operation of the essay, Holy Spirit: when they are linked together in each others arms in an external unity, which is to say, a physical unity, this indivisible action of the Holy Spirit inflames them with a powerful interior love directed towards celestial realities.
And finally, St. Bernard in his commentary on the Song of Songs says that sexual intercourse ( carnale connubium ) between married spouses is the an anthropologist essays review, reflection of the spiritual marriage ( spirituale matriomonium ) which unites the soul with God.  St. Thomas Aquinas confirms this doctrine, while specifying the proper conditions involved: The marriage act is always either sinful or meritorious in one who is in a state of grace. Essay Prompt! For if the among the historians and other review, motive for the marriage act be a virtue, whether of justice that they may render the debt, or of religion, that they may beget children for the worship of God, it is meritorious.
But if the motive be lust, yet not excluding the samford essay, marriage blessings, namely that he would by no means be willing to go to another woman, it is a venial sin; while if he exclude the marriage blessings, so as to be disposed to act in academic paper like manner with any woman, it is a mortal sin. if pleasure be sought in such a way as to exclude the honesty of samford essay prompt marriage so that, to wrong essay, wit, it is prompt not as a wife but as a woman that a man treats his wife, and that he is ready to use her in the same way if she were not his wife, it is a mortal sin. if he seek pleasure (as its own end) within the bounds of marriage, so that it would not be sought in another than his wife, it is a venial sin.   I have said above that part of the discipline of marriage is the giving of oneself to the other - this is the heart to heart aspect of marriage as opposed to the ego to paper companies, ego aspect. When we give to the other we suppress our little selves by always putting the other first and by doing everything in our power to please the other. When we make of the marriage act a selfish act; when we seek in it our own pleasure rather than the pleasure of our partner, or when one or both partners seek pleasure as an essay prompt end in research paper itself, we act in essay prompt a selfish manner. Yet how difficult it is to always be without at least some admixture of self-love. St Augustine holds that Adam and Eve engaged in abortion is morally wrong essay sexual intercourse in essay the Garden of Eden prior to the fall. There was no venality in their act. Is Morally!  The venality of self love is the result, not of the act, but of the fall. Our problem is that we have been wounded by the fall and few if any of our acts are free of self-love. And so for us there is always a venial aspect potentially if not actually present in the sexual act.
It is pertinent that Canon 1013 speaks of samford marriage as a remedy for concupiscence. Note that it doesn't say, as a means of indulging concupiscence. A remedy is a cure, and pray God we may all be cured of self love.  This does not mean that one should derive no pleasure from the sexual act. To again quote Pius XII: The same Creator, Who in His bounty and wisdom willed to make use of the work of most famous argumentative man and prompt, woman, by an anthropologist among and other review, uniting them in matrimony, for prompt, the preservation and propagation of the human race, has also decreed that in this function the parties should experience pleasure and happiness of body and an anthropologist the historians, spirit. Essay Prompt! Husband and wife, therefore, by seeking and enjoying this pleasure do no wrong whatever. Thesis! They accept what the Creator has destined for them.  God would hardly create a necessary act - necessary for the preservation of the species - an act ultimately aimed at producing saints - an act from which we inevitably derive a certain pleasure and then make it sinful for us to enjoy that act.
Who can eat, read a book, or do anything else without a certain pleasure. It is my belief that God actually wants us to samford prompt, enjoy our lives - to enjoy all that we do, providing we do it IN HIM, and counseling psychology research paper, not as an end in prompt itself. As Peter Lombard, the master of the sentences and write essays mcmillan, the teacher of St. Thomas Aquinas said: Thus if there is samford prompt any sin in sexual relations, it is due, not to the pleasure, but to. some disorder in the way that pleasure is experienced. Write Essays!  The pleasure shared in sexual giving involves the entire person - body, psyche and spirit. It is or should be, as I have said, an action that is not just physical, not just psychic, but also an action that is heart to heart. But that pleasure must not be indulged in as an end in itself.  And certainly, sex must never be used as a tool for reward or punishment. Now the problem with sex is that, in its proper place and usage, it is one of the most sacred of acts, one from which as St.
Thomas teaches, we derive abundant grace; it is also one of the most easily perverted of samford essay prompt acts. The very word perverted is of interested. It means to turn something intrinsically good to an improper end. When we make of sex a satisfying of our own pleasure, an act of taking rather than an act of giving, we pervert or misuse one of the greatest gifts of God. If this is true within marriage, and certainly true outside of marriage . 
During coitus a man can loose his individuality - forget himself or his little self - in two opposite ways. This dis-individualization can occur in two directions - the anagogical ascent above individuality and the catalogical descent below.  The parties involved can give or take - in giving transcending themselves; in taking becoming less than human or merely animal. Let me give an analogy which may make this clearer. A policeman enters a house of ill fame as part of a raid. He commits no sin because he is protected by the graces of his function. The same policeman enters the same house on an anthropologist the historians essays review, his own time. His act of entering the essay, house has a certain neutrality.
But his intention - the is morally wrong essay, ends for prompt, which he acts - are sinful. Similarly with beauty. When one sees the beauty of a woman (or music) as a reflection of God's beauty, one can only praise its source. When one sees it as a end in itself - something to be enjoyed for its own sake - then its seductive rather than its redemptive character becomes manifest. One and research, the same beauty can lead us to, or away from samford essay prompt God.  Nor is the sexual act irrevocably tied to procreation. As St.
John Chrysostom said: But suppose there is no child; do they then remain two and not one? No; their intercourse effects the joining of counseling psychology research their bodies, and samford essay prompt, they are made one, just as when perfume is fixed with ointment. To reduce the common life of husband and wife and the conjugal act to a mere organic function for the transmission of seed would be but to convert the domestic hearth, the family sanctuary, into a biological laboratory.  Further proof of this lies in the fact that the an anthropologist and other review, Church has never invalidated or impedimented marriages where sterility is known to exist or prohibited the sexual act when the woman is beyond the child bearing age. (In passing you may be interested to essay prompt, know that St. Cammilus's mother was 65 and counseling psychology, not on samford essay, any hormone therapy.) However, what the Church does demand is that the possibility of conception not be impeded. How so. Well consider the couple that engages in sex with the express and is morally wrong essay, only intention of enjoying the pleasure. To do so is to make the pleasure - even if reciprocal - its own end. Samford Prompt! God did not give us our sexual organs only for pleasure any more than he gave them to us only for procreation.
And so it is that when adequate reasons are present, the parents may use the thesis on teacher training, so-called rhythm method - better called periodic abstinence - but can never use other methods of preventing birth than abstinence. The use of periodic abstinence does not absolutely preclude the possibility of conception. When the sexual act is performed in so-called safe periods of the woman's cycle, one remains open to the divine will. Essay! Quite the opposite is the case when the possibility of children is is morally absolutely precluded. To quote Father Planque, to refuse to let one's love result in prompt children, is to commit oneself to the path of egotism, a path which can only lead to the death of love.  Moreover, shared abstinence is the only form of birth control which demands mutuality or a sharing of the sacrific involved; and shared sacrifice always deepens love. Every other form of birth control is both unilateral and carries with it significant medical risks. Allow me to take this opportunity to strongly disagree with Solange Hertz, a woman for and other essays review, whom I have a great deal of admiration.
The first point of disagreement is samford essay fundamental. She states that Ascribing sacredness to the sex act is a Judaic heresy. It partakes of the talmudic mysticism taught in the Zohar, where the union of man and wife on the Sabbath is seen as a ritual representation of the union of the male and female aspects of God. I have already given the evidence necessary to contradict this; and further, I believe she misinterprets the Zohar, for an anthropologist review, the Jewish fathers, basing them selves on the Song of Songs, clearly saw the sexual act as reflecting the unity of the soul with God precisely along the lines discussed above. The second point is perhaps more important, for it is her contention that the abomination of desolation is samford prompt contraception. most particularly as practiced. in the guise of so-called 'natural family planning' or 'natural birth regulation.' In so stating her case, she directly contradicts Pope Pius XII who holds that the use of this method under the right circumstances is entirely legitimate.
To quote him directly, We affirmed the legitimacy and at the same time the limits - truly very wide (my emphasis) - of that controlling of births which, unlike the counseling psychology research, so-called birth control, is samford compatible with God's law. It can be hoped that for such a lawful method a sufficiently certain basis can be found, and recent research seems to confirm this hope. Pope Pius XII clearly specifies the wide limits to the use of this method. A marriage entered into with the express intention of thesis on teacher excluding the samford essay, payment of the marriage debt - as the sexual act is called - during fertile periods is invalid because implicit to an anthropologist the historians and other, the contract is that this debt should be paid whenever asked for essay, and because the intention is to preclude the primary purpose of marriage. It is academic paper very much a matter of the morality of the intention involved. Thus he states that The mere fact that the husband and wife do not offend the nature of the act and are even ready to accept and bring up the prompt, child who, notwithstanding their precautions, might be born, would not be itself sufficient to guarantee the rectitude of their intention and research, the unobjectionable morality of essay prompt their motives. . to embrace the matrimonial state, to use continually the write mcmillan, faculty proper to such a state and lawful only samford prompt therein, and, at the same time, to avoid its primary duty without a grave reason, would be a sin against the very nature of mcmillan married life.
However, serious motives, such as those which not rarely arise from medical, eugenic, economic and social so-called indications, may exempt husband and essay prompt, wife from the obligatory, positive debt for a long period or even for research, the entire period of matrimonial life. From this it follows that the observance of the natural sterile periods may be lawful, from the samford essay prompt, moral viewpoint, and famous argumentative, it is lawful in the conditions mentioned. If, however, according to a reasonable and equitable judgment, there are no such grave reasons either personal or deriving from exterior circumstances, the will to avoid the fecundity of their union, while continuing to satisfy to the full their sensuality, can only samford prompt be the result of a false appreciation of life and of motives foreign to companies, sound ethical principles.  It is this attitude which Chesterton labeled as no birth and less control. This is a matter which couples should discuss with their confessor. There are incidentally excellent books which enable married couples to essay prompt, determine fertile periods with great accuracy. One of the on teacher training, best is The Ovulation Method of Birth Control by Mercedes Arzu Wilson published by Van Norstrand Reinhold, and unfortunately out of print.  A proper knowledge of the method makes the old quip to the effect that what you call couples who use the rhythm method is parents, is not completely true. Every form of artificial birth control has a certain failure rate. With condom usage, it may be as high as 25%. Even with tubal ligations there is a 1% pregnancy rate; and essay, certainly the use of hormones is fraught with a significant number of complications - though it must be granted that they are less life threatening than pregnancy can be.
The fact remains however that abstinence is the healthiest form of birth control, and what is more important, it is the only form of birth control where the counseling paper, couples share responsibility. In every other form of birth control the act is essentially unilateral - and we have spoken of the reciprocity necessary in love. Now even with abstinence during the so-called fertile period, there is always a risk of pregnancy and an openness to the possibility should God so will. God's primary purpose in marriage is not precluded. The sanctity of the act remains intact. Abstinence can at samford prompt times require an heroic virtue, but is most argumentative that not what sanctity is all about? According to Zertnys-Damen's Moral Theology , continence, whether periodic or total, may be practiced under the following definite conditions: a) the practice must be freely undertaken by mutual consent; b) there must be no serious danger of unchastity or loss of conjugal love in either party as a result of the practice; c) there must be a positive and good reason for samford prompt, adopting the practice. the presence or absence of these conditions should be decided with the help of a confessor. It is perhaps not out of place to counseling psychology paper, comment on the Virginity of the Blessed Mother. How is this compatible with the essay, teaching of the Church that She is the abortion is morally essay, ideal and model for every woman, be she single or married.. Samford Prompt! First of all, The Blessed Virgin is the ideal and counseling research paper, model for both men and women.
As Augustine said, the soul's virginity consists in perfect faith, well-grounded hope and unfeigned love ( Tract. on samford prompt, John, XIII ). Similarly, Cornelius Lapide tells us those whose souls are on fire with charity, and paper companies, who are ever exercising themselves in it, enjoy the prompt, bliss of training betrothal to God and the possession of His nuptial gifts of divine joys. For charity is a marriage-union, the welding of two wills, the Divine and the human into one, whereby God and man mutually agree in all things. Theophylact says after Chrysostom: brides do not remain virgins after marriage. But Christ's brides [we are all meant to be such], as before marriage they were not virgins, so after marriage they become virgins, most pure in faith, whole and uncorrupt in life. (Quoted by prompt, Cornelius Lapide). This is essays assignments why St. Samford Essay! Louis de Montfort says: the more the Holy Spirit. finds Mary, His dear and inseparable spouse in any soul, the more active and might He becomes in producing Jesus Christ in that Soul.- As many saints have said, if ye would bear Christ, ye must become the Blessed Virgin. Write! It is samford essay statements such as these that explain the words of St. Theresa of Liseaux to her sister Celine praying may we become virginized, so that we may become pregnant. St. Paul said 'To this man I have espoused you.' For as marriage between man and wife is binding, so there is eternal marriage between the soul and God.
A maid is among and other essays given to a man hoping to bear his child. And God did make the essay prompt, soul intending her to bear in thesis training her His only-begotten Son. The happening of this birth in Mary ghostly was to God better pleasing than his being born of her in flesh. The woman said to Christ, 'Blessed is the womb that bare thee.' To which Christ replied ' Blessed not alone the womb which bare me: blessed are they that hear the essay, word of God and keep it.' It is more worth to God His being brought forth ghostly in most argumentative the individual virgin or good soul than that he was born of Mary bodily.'  Now the Blessed Virgin is the source of fecundity, both physical and spiritual. Her purity is virginal to samford essay, us, but precisely because she is eternally wedded to the Holy Spirit.
For those of us in the married state, it is not so much her physical virginity which exemplifies, but rather this relationship to academic paper companies, the Holy Spirit. For us, and indeed even more for those in the religious life, this is exemplified by the Magnificat and samford prompt, above all by research paper, her response to the Annunciation - be it done unto me according to thy Word. It is she who is the Janua Coeli - the Gate of Heaven, and it is no accident that it is samford prompt she who in a sense sacramentalized and continues to sacramentalize marriage, for the historians and other, it was her request that led to Christ's first miracle - the samford essay prompt, changing of water into abortion is morally wrong essay, wine - always a symbol of the sacred transmutation.  It is essay prompt precisely her purity , chastity and virtue, all the qualities of the Magnificat, brought to the marriage state which vivifies its sacramental nature and virginilizes us. Without her virginal graces - she who is Co-Redemtrix and the Mediatrix of among essays all Graces - none of us could ever sacramentalize our lives, much less our marriages. Hail Mary, full of grace, Blessed art Thou among women, and Blessed is the fruit of samford essay thy womb, Jesus.  I have, in this paper, attempted to share with you some of the principles on which Catholic marriage and sexuality are based. Counseling Research Paper! Marriage is samford prompt clearly a vocation, a calling willed by God, and as such every aspect of marriage is among the historians and other essays review both capable of samford prompt reflecting the sacred, and of transforming and sacralizing the participants. Eros is always potentially Agape , but Agape both as grace and fruition is necessary to transform Eros, or rather to be transformed into Eros.  Without this Eros easily degenerates into epithumia or lust which is nothing other than unrestrained self-love.  In accordance with the academic paper, principle that the highest things are the prompt, most easily corrupted, marriage can easily become, not a foretaste of wrong essay heaven, but a living hell. While grace bloweth where it will, it is always within our power to refuse its refreshing breezes. Our human loves - storge, eros , and filia , can all be said to samford essay prompt, reflect and to open the door to Agape . Abortion Essay! They can be valued as demigods, as long as we recognize that demigods, when made an end in themselves, become idols.
In a true marriage Eros and Agape are not in conflict, for as the poet John Donne said, we are not chaste unless Christ ravish us. Blessed are they who are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb. These are the true words of God ( Apocalypse of Blessed John the Apostle, Ch. 19, 3). “After this rather paltry treatment and discussion of essay prompt mine, I am not ignorant of the fact that the write essays, question of marriage still remains very obscure and involved. Nor dare I say that either in this work or in any other up to the present have I explained all its intricacies, or that I can explain them now, even if urged to do so. St. Augustine, ( On Adulterous Marriages ) R Coomaraswamy, 2001.  Secular Humanism or The American Way , The Human Life Review, Fall 1982.
 The Timeless Christian. He continues: man's participation in God's creative power, something that is denied him - the love between two human beings, the sanctification of nature, and prompt, not least, the sacramental character of the married state. He will try to force love to take on an egotistical form, to infect it with jealousy, to academic companies, destroy its permanence; he will move heaven and prompt, earth to bring disorder into every aspect of sex, to turn its stream into a raging torrent, or to dry it up altogether, or to divert it into abortion is morally, a false bed; he will lead the samford, partners towards divorce, to petty bickering, to a sterile boredom of everyday life, even to mutual hatred; finally he will try to estrange children from their parents and, recalling his own origin, will infuse their minds with the spirit of vainglory, of 'knowing better,' and of ingratitude.  Outside the commercial civilizations of the [modern] western world, love and marriage take their place as types of divine union, and everywhere love and most famous essays, marriage are the subject-matter of painters and essay prompt, sculptors. It is true that love is the theme of [modern] western writers also, but, with them, the idea of love is now entirely free from divine signification, either explicit or implied, and, however much they mays still be under the heel of the old tradition which makes marriage the inevitable 'happy ending,' yet, as religion decays, the inevitability of such an ending becomes less and famous argumentative essays, less and the nootion of a permanent union, 'till death do us part' is more and more frequently relegated to the 'scrap-heap' of outworn ideas. The modern world fondly imagines that it has removed the veil with which a more superstitious generation shrouded reality whereas, actually, it has simply blinded itself to samford, the reality of which material life is the veil. Art and Love , Bristol: Cleverdon, 1927.  Love is essays nothing other than the will ardently fixed on something good. William of St.
Thierry, The Nature and Dignity of Love .  Much that we label primitive is samford only degeneration. As Erich Fromm states, What is essential in the existence of man is the fact that he has emerged from the among and other, animal kingdom, from instinctive adaptation, that he has transcended nature - although he never leaves it; he is part of it - and yet once torn away from nature, he cannot return to it ( The Art of Loving ).  Christ loved Lazarus deeply as a friend - it is said that the emotions whelmed up in him on hearing of samford prompt his death. Abortion Essay! The more modern translations state that he was overwhelmed with emotion, but such is false, for while the prompt, emotions have their place, they would never in Our Lord overwhelm the higher functions of His human soul.  Nowhere is sexual union regarded as marriage unless it is in some way socially sanctioned. C. Augustine, A Commentary on the New Code of Canon Law, (1917).  Aristotle in his Politics states that a home must possess three relationships if it is to be complete, namely, that of companies husband and wife, of father and the children and that between the master and essay prompt, servants. (Quoted by psychology paper, St. Thomas Aquinas in his Commentary on Ephesians ).  De bono conjugali, cap. xviii, n. 21.  In the samford prompt, words of St.
Augustine, offspring signifies that children shall be lovingly welcomed. and religiously educated De Gen. ad litt ., 1.9,c.7, n.12. Similarly St. Thomas teaches education and development until it reach the perfect state of man as man, and that is the state of research virtue. (III, 41, 1). It is said that a woman who brings up her child in the faith will enter heaven before any theologian.  St. Seraphim of Sarov, A Spiritual Biography , Archimandrite Lazarus Moore, Sarov Press, 1994.  This hierarchical arrangement is by no means restricted to Christianity. Samford Essay Prompt! We find G-d in Genesis III telling wives thou shalt be under thy husband's power, and he shall have Dominion over thee.
The same hierarchical arrangement is found in Islam and Hinduism. It is not without significance that the newer catholic translations of the Bible translate This is a great sacrament by This is a great foreshadowing. . The Constitution Gaudium and Spes produced by the The Second Vatican Council attempted to soften this teaching: Just as of old God encountered his people with a covenant of love and fidelity, so our Savior, the spouse of the Church, now encounters Christian spouses through the sacrament of Marriage. He abides with them in order that by their mutual self-giving, spouses will love each other with enduring fidelity, as he loved the Church and delivered himself for it. Here the teaching of Ephesians has been decisively abridged. Only what is training agreeable has been taken from it, namely love. The subordination of women, and correlatively, that of the Church to her Head, the samford, basic outline of which has been presented above, is simply disregarded. Drawing on this statement, the Synod of Wurzurg declared in on teacher training 1975 that the husband and wife were to be seen as partners, and that the allotment of roles between husband and wife which was strongly patriarchal in samford prompt character, has been corrected. In a parallel manner John-Paul II has persistently insisted that love creates equality.
In his Familiaris consortio (1981) and in his Charter of Family Rights (1983) he teaches that God gives man and woman an equal personal dignity, endowing them with the inalienable rights and counseling research paper, responsibilities proper to the human person. Above all it is important to underline the samford essay prompt, equal dignity and responsibility of research paper women and men. in creating the human race 'male and samford essay, female' God gives man and woman an equal personal dignity, endowing them with the psychology paper, inalienable rights and responsibilities proper to the human person. The same responsibilities and rights for man and prompt, woman clearly exclude man from being the head of the family. John Paul II is of course aware that he is contradicting the constant teaching of the Church. In an article published in the L'Osservatore Romano he explains that the author of the letter [St.
Paul] does not hesitate to accept those ideas which were proper to the contemporary mentality and its forms of mcmillan expression. Our sentiments are certainly different today, different also are our mentality and customs, and, finally, different is a woman's social position vis-a-vis the man. (German ed., 27.8.82). (In 1953 the Church taught that anyone who, as a matter of principle, denies the responsibility of the husband and father as head of the woman and of the family, puts himself in opposition to the Gospel and the doctrine of the Church. - supplement to St. Korads Blatt., No. 10, 1953)  Klaus Moersdorf, Kirchenrecht , V. Essay Prompt! II, 10th edition, Munich, 1958. While not a dogmatic teaching of the Church, it is clear that failure to recognize this aspect of the marriage relationship clearly vitiates the spiritual aspect of the an anthropologist among the historians and other, relationship.  The importance of obedience is shown by the fact that Adam fell because of the essay prompt, sin of disobedience, while Christ reversed the fall by being obedient unto death. In the last analysis, we are all obliged to be obedient to higher authority, and all authority is from God. On Teacher Training! Obedience is essay prompt a moral virtue, and as such of a lesser order than the counseling psychology, theological virtues of Faith, Hope and samford, Charity. In accordance with the is morally essay, principle that the essay, higher takes precedence to the lower, it follows that one can never command what is sinful or against abortion is morally wrong, truth. True obedience implies going against our self-will and carries with it the principle of samford self-abnegation.
 We cannot ask ourselves whether woman is superior or inferior to man, any more than we can ask ourselves whether water is superior or inferior to fire. Academic Paper Companies! Thus the standard of measurement for either of the sexes can be provided not by the opposite sex, but only by the idea of the essay prompt, same sex. In other words, the only thing we can do is establish the superiority or inferiority of a given woman on psychology research paper, the basis of her being more or less close to the female type, to the pure and absolute woman, and the same thing applies to man as well. Samford Essay! The claims of modern woman therefore, spring from mistaken ambitions as well as from an inferiority complex, from the mistaken idea that woman are intrinsically inferior to man. It has been rightly said that feminism has really fought not for training, woman's right, but, without knowing it, for the right of woman to make herself equal to man. it would amount to a woman having the right to pervert herself and to degenerate. Julius Evola, The Metaphysics of Sex ., p. 54. Others have pointed out samford essay that femininity manifests the academic companies, feminine aspects of the Divine: Goodness, radiating Beauty, Mercy, Love, and Purity, while masculinity incarnates Truth, Axiality, Intellectuality, Strength and Generosity.  This fiat goes beyond obedience. A woman, in accepting motherhood, places her life on the line. Continuing the samford, passage from Timothy I just quoted: Yet she shall be saved through childbearing; if she continue in faith, and love, and sanctification, with sobriety. Essays Assignments Mcmillan! A woman who dies in childbirth - assuming the right disposition of samford essay soul - is said to go straight to heaven.
With regard to obedience, St. John Chrysostom says St. Paul teaches wives that when you yield to essays, your husband consider that you are obeying him as part of your service to samford essay, the Lord. He further says, a household cannot be a democracy, ruled by everyone, but the authority must necessarily rest in the historians review one person. Prompt! The same is true for the Church. where there is most famous argumentative equal authority, there never is samford essay peace. Paul places the head in authority and the body in obedience At the same time he tells husbands: Do you want your wife to be obedient to you, as the write mcmillan, Church is to Christ? Then be responsible for the same providential care of her as Christ is for the Church. And even if it becomes necessary for you to undergo suffering of any kind, do not refuse. (Homily 20). Obedience in marriage is as essential as it is in the religious life.
 This in no way implies that couples that have fulfilled their obligations in the married state cannot enter religion under a variety of forms. Such was much more common in earlier centuries than in our day.  Quoted by Msgr. Charles Doyle, in Christian Perfection for samford, the Married, Nugent, N.Y., 1964.  To quote Pius XI: It is the will of God, says St. Paul, that you sanctify yourselves. What kind of sanctity does he speak of? Our Lord Himself made this clear. ' Be ye perfect as your father in heaven is perfect .' No one should assume that this invitation is the historians and other essays addressed to samford, a small select number of individuals and that the remainder of mankind are allowed to be satisfied with some lesser degree of virtue. This law obliges and an anthropologist among the historians review, applies - and this is samford essay absolutely clear - to all of mankind, without exception.  Seventh Homily on St.
Matthew. Both those who choose to dwell in the midst of noise and hubbub and those who dwell in monasteries, mountains and caves can achieve salvation. St. Symeon the New Theologian, Philokalia. The Historians! A vocation must of course be intrinsically honorable, which is to say, capable of essay perfecting the soul.  The comments of thesis training Barbe Acarie are pertinent: If I had but one child and if I were the queen of the whole world so that he was my sole heir and God called him to the religious state I would put no obstacle in his way; but if I had a hundred children and could make no provision for them I would not oblige one to samford essay prompt, enter religion, because such a vocation must come purely from God. The religious state is write essays assignments mcmillan so lofty that the whole world together cannot make a good religious if God does not lend his help; it is far better to prompt, remain in the world by divine disposition than to be a religious through human instigation (Biography, Lancelot Sheppard).With regard to thesis, virginity, St. John Chrysostom: virginity does not simply mean sexual abstinence. She who is anxious about worldly affairs is not really a virgin. In fact, he [St.
Paul] says that this is the chief difference between a wife and a virgin. He doesn't mention marriage or abstinence, but attachment as opposed to detachment from worldly cares. Sex is not evil, but [it and children are] a hindrance to someone who desires [and is called ]to devote all her strength to a life of prayer. (Homily 19). Of pure Virgins none, is fairer seen, Save one, than Mary Magdalene (John Cordelier). May we then be virginized as St. Therese of Liseaux said in a letter to her sister Celine.
 St. Francis de Sales, Letters to Persons in the World.  Louis of prompt Grenada, The Sinner's Guide , Chapter V.  In traditional symbolism, the supernatural principle has always been conceived as 'masculine'; nature and becoming as 'feminine'. (J. Evola, Rivolta contra il mondo moderno ). It is not accidental that nature is referred to as mother nature. This principle is in psychology research paper no way sexist or patriarchal. Thus, the Abbess Sarah, one of the saints described by essay prompt, the Desert Fathers stated I am a women in sex, but not in spirit. Similarly St.
Augustine describes some saintly women in these terms: according to on teacher, the inward man neither male nor female; so that even in samford prompt them that are women in body the manliness of on teacher their soul hides the sex of their flesh. Samford Prompt! (Sermon 282).This inward man is of course St. Paul's inward man (Rom. VII:22) and St. Peter's inner man of the heart (1 Pet. 3,4). St.
Theresa of Avila admonished her sisters in most argumentative essays these terms: I would not want you, my daughters, to be womanish in samford anything, nor would I want you to an anthropologist among essays, be like woman, but like strong men ( The Way of Perfection, 7:8). Throughout the Old Testament, Jehovah is characterized as betrothed to Israel. Christ is our spouse, telling us in Hosea II: I will marry thee in faithfulness. And again, Thou shalt be the spouse of my blood ( Gesta Romanum ). It is in this context that St. Paul admonishes both sexes to play the man. Essay Prompt! It is in the light of this that the feminine aspect in everyone of us takes on academic paper, a seductive quality; when this seduction is prompt successful, when the spirit is subverted by the lower soul, Scripture labels the adulterous result as harlotry.  It is often of the greatest importance, says St. Essays Assignments Mcmillan! Theresa, that you should understand this truth, namely that God dwells within you and that there we should dwell with Him. Let us not imagine that the interior of our hearts is empty.
And to understand how God is prompt always present in our soul, let us listen to St. John of the Cross, another distinguished master of the science of the saints: 'In order to know how to find this Bridegroom, we must bear in mind that the Word, the Son of god, together with the Father and the Holy Spirit, is thesis on teacher hidden in essence and is present in the inmost being of the soul. And this is why St. Samford Essay! Augustine, speaking to God, said: 'I do not find Thee without, O Lord, because I had no right to seek Thee there, for Thou are within.' God is an anthropologist among and other essays review therefore hidden within the soul. ( A Spiritual Canticle, Stanza I). St. John of the Cross continues later on to explain this more at length, remarking that God may be present in the soul in three different ways: To explain this, he says, it must be observed that there are three ways in which God is present in the soul.
The first is His presence in prompt essence, and in this respect He dwells not only in souls that are good and holy, but likewise in those that are bad and abortion essay, sinful, and essay prompt, indeed, in all creatures; for it is famous argumentative essays this presence that gives them life and being, and if it were once withdrawn they would cease to exist and would return to their original nothing. Now this kind of presence never fails in the soul. Essay! The second manner of god's presence is by grace, when He dwells in the soul pleased and satisfied with it. This presence of god is not in paper all souls, because those who commit a mortal sin lose it. The third kind of samford prompt presence of God is by means of spiritual affection; for academic paper companies, God is want to show His presence in many devout souls in divers ways of refreshment, joy and gladness. St.
Theresa continues: Of the first kind of divine presence we can never be deprived. The second we must procure for ourselves with all the powers of the soul, and samford essay, we must guard it at any cost. The third isn't within our power. God gives to whom He pleases (St. Theresa's Pater Noster).
 Just as Adam's bride was taken from his side, so also was the Church the write assignments, product of the blood and samford, water which flowed from the side of Christ.  Translation of Christopher Bamford in The Voice of the Eagle , Lindisfarne Press, 1992. This is no novel teaching. Consider Origin: Let us see also allegorically how man, made in the image of god, is essays mcmillan male and female. Our inner man consists of spirit and soul. The spirit is said to be male; the soul can be called female. If these have concord and agreement among themselves, they increase and multiply by the very accord among themselves and they produce sons, good inclinations and understandings.
The soul united with the spirit and, so to speak, joined in essay prompt wedlock. '; Scheeben says much the same: Marriage, says the Apostle ( Eph. 5:32) is the great sacrament that is is, that is, it ranks so highly, because it is a figure of the union between God and his Church, and in counseling psychology research consequence, of the union also between God and the soul . Reality and type are more perfect than figure and representation; the union between God and the soul is essay thus incomparably more real than that of man and woman. They are one in is morally wrong flesh; God is one with the soul in spirit ( 1 Cor. Samford! 5:17). The union of God with the soul is as far above the academic paper, union of man and wife, as spirit is above flesh, as God is above matter. The union of the soul with God in one spirit is so intimate as to have no parallel in creation and the reasoning of the creature cannot grasp it.
God submerges the soul in the ocean of His light, floods it with the torrent of His delights, fills it with the plenitude of His Being. He clasps it in the arms of His love. Prompt! He so binds to Himself that no power in an anthropologist among essays review heaven or earth can tear it from samford essay prompt Him. Academic Paper Companies! ( Les Merveilles de la Grace divine , pp. 170ff.) To love God, says St. Bernard, is to samford essay, be married to Him. Happy the soul who rejoices in this chaste and blessed embrace which is essay naught else than pure and holy love, love enchanting and samford prompt, joyful, love as serene as it is true, a mutual love, intimate and essays, burning, which joins together two persons. in one spirit and of the two makes one. (Sermon 84 on the Canticle of Canticles , par. 5-6)  Thus too it has been said that the Pharaoh of Egypt was a type of the devil, in that he cruelly ordered the males to be cast into the Nile and permitted the females to live. So too, the devil, ruling over the great Egypt of the world from Adam unto Moses, made an effort to carry off and samford essay prompt, destroy the male and rational offspring of the soul in the flood of the passions, while he takes delight in seeing the carnal and s ensual offspring increase and multiply. St.
Methodius, Treatise on Chastity.  Chapter on most, Man and Woman in J. Evola, Rivolta contra il mondo moderno , Milan, Ulricho Hoepli, 1934. Samford Essay! Evola further points out that we live in a society that no longer knows either Ascetic or Warrior. The idealized masculine type is characterized by the power that derives from materiality as in the financial tycoon. Feminist demands for equality with the opposite sex inevitably lead to women being driven into the street, the business offices, the paper companies, schools, the factories and all the other infected and infectious cross-roads of modern society and culture. the prompt, result is a degeneration of the feminine type even in academic paper companies its physical features; the atrophy of its natural possibilities, the suffocation of its inwardness. And hence the garconne type, the neuter or mannish girl, sporty, vacant, incapable of any impulse beyond herself, incapable, in the last analysis, even of samford sensuality or sinfulness. In the case of modern women we do not even mention the possibility of maternity., but only that of a mere physical love in which she does not feel even so much interest as she does in beautifying herself, in displaying herself as much or as little dressed as possible, in physical training, dance, sport, money and so forth. Thesis! The traditional woman in giving herself to another, in not living for herself, in willing to live altogether for another and to be all for another than herself, had her own heroism - essentially, she raised herself above the common level to prompt, the plane of the research paper, ascetic. The modern woman, in seeking to samford prompt, exist for herself, destroys herself.
What can become of these vague creatures, divorced from all connection with the deeper forces of their own nature? From these creatures in whom sex begins and ends in physiology, even if abnormal inclinations are not already present.? From these creatures who are psychologically neither man nor woman, if indeed, the woman is not the man and the man the woman, and who boast of being above sex while in fact they are below it? The relations between them can have no other quality than that of a plaster cast, a virtually homosexual anodyne: can amount to no more than the promiscuity of an essays equivocal camaraderie, a morbid 'intellectual' sympathy, the prompt, banality of a new worship of nature shared together. Nothing else is possible in the world of 'emancipated' woman.  From a taped series on Love. It is not clear from this quotation that C. S. Paper! Lewis fully realized that in Platonic and samford essay, Greek symbolism Eros metaphysically represents Christ who would be married to Psyche. Despite this, the quotation does relate to the situation in marriage psychiatrists frequently meet with.  Here again I have used the term Eros as C.S. Lewis and as common parlance uses it. There is of course a more correct understanding of the “Divine Eros” relating to the Logos, for it is God who is Love.
Thus it is that classical presentation depicts Eros wedding psyche, which equates with Christ wedding the soul.  St. Francis de Sales states that The state of marriage s one that requires more virtue and constancy than any other; it is a perpetual exercise of mortification. ( Letters to Persons in the World .)  “The 1983 Code of Canon Law reflects this sacrilegious shift in defining the sacrament. Academic! Canon 1055 (1) places the good of the samford essay prompt, spouses before procreation of children. Spousal self-fulfilment - the total person-gift of spouse to spouse - is the primary goal of marriage in the New Church (1057, par 2; 1095; 1098).
Sacrilegiously employing this primary goal, the New Church rationalizes its wholesale granting of write assignments mcmillan “annulment divorces”: and thus sacrileges the Sacrament of Matrimony. Cardinal Ratzinger seems to opt for extending this privilege. In the future anyone [with pastoral responsibility] might be allowed to make an extra-juridical statement on the null and void nature of a first marriage ( The Salt of the samford prompt, Earth , 1977. Fr. Trincaid, The Sacraments Sacrileged , MAETA, Metairie, La., 1999.  According to the common teaching of theologians, the abortion wrong essay, matter of the sacrament consists in the mutual consent of the contracting parties to give themselves to each other; the form consists in samford prompt their mutual consent to is morally, take each other.  These intentions are that the marriage is insoluble and that the ends of marriage would not be frustrated.
Pope Innocent III taught that the sacrament of marriage existed both among the faithful and among infidels. Essay! He is quoted to this respect by Leo XIII in his Encyclical Arcanum Divinae Sappientiae.  The indissolubility of Catholic marriage is directly connected with the esoteric nature of the counseling psychology research paper, Catholic revelation. Samford Essay! It is only within such a framework that one can accept all that happens - both good and most, bad - as the will of God; the accepting of the will of God - the uniting of ourselves with this will - allows us to see all that happens as a salutary blessing. It is in this sense that the Church teaches that all suffering and any sacrifice is useless unless it be for the love of God. Cf quote referred to in footnote 10.
 St. Seraphim of Sarov, A Spiritual Biography , Archimandrite Lazarus Moore, Sarov Press, 1994.  There is a certain Manichean aspect to this disparagement of sexuality. To quote Augustine: Anyone then who extols the nature of the soul as the highest good and essay prompt, condemns the nature of the flesh as evil is as carnal in his love for the soul as he is in his hatred of the flesh, because his thoughts flow from abortion human vanity and not from divine truth (City of God, XIV, 5). The meaning of concupiscence should be clearly understood.
According to Father Tixeront, by concupiscence, the Bishop of Hippo [and the essay, Catholic Church] does not understand merely the appetite for training, bodily pleasures; he understands that general tendency away from the prompt, highest good and towards the lower pleasures: 'when one turns away from godly things which are truly lasting and turns towards things which are changeable and insecure' ( History of Dogmas , Vol. II, p. 469). As the Fathers of the Council of Trent decreed: This concupiscence, which at times the Apostle calls sin (Rom. 6, 12 ff.) the holy Synod declares that the Catholic church has never understood to be called sin, as truly and properly sin in those born again, but because it is from sin and thesis, inclines to sin. The Church teaches that, as a consequence of prompt original sin, concupiscence is with us - with both laity and religions - till we die.  St.
John Chrysostom: A man should love his spouse as much as he loves himself, not merely because they share the same nature; no, the obligation is far greater, because there are no longer two bodies, but one: he is the head, she the body. Paul says elsewhere 'the head of most essays Christ is God,' and I say that husband and wife are one body in the same way as Christ and the Father are one. Thus we see that the Father is our head also. Samford Essay! Paul has combined two illustrations, the natural body and Christ's body; that is why he says, 'This is a great mystery, and I take it to mean Christ and the Church.' What does this mean? The blessed Moses, - or rather, God - surely reveals in Genesis that for two to training, become one flesh is a great and wonderful mystery. Now Paul speaks of Christ as the greater mystery; for He left the Father and came down to essay, us, and married His Bride, the essay, Church, and became one spirit with her: 'he who is united to the Lord becomes one spirit with Him.' Paul says well, 'This is a great mystery,' as if he were saying 'Nevertheless the prompt, allegorical meaning does not invalidate married love.' ( Homily 20 ). St. Thomas Aquinas makes special note of the fact that the statement 'this is a great mystery' immediately follows upon the statement that 'they shall be united in one flesh' ( Commentary on Ephesians ). Part of this mystery relates to the fact that human love potentially reflects divine love. Consider the following passage from most Garrigou-Lagrange: If true love carries us towards another person towards whom we wish some good, it draws us outside of ourselves. It is in some ways ecstatic ( extasim facit ), according to the expression of St. Denys.
It follows that it is an intense experience with a certain violent quality, and essay prompt, demands the sacrifice of write essays assignments mcmillan all self love. It is not rare as St. Bernard writes (Sermon LXXIX, 1) 'O love divine, impetuous, vehement, burning, irresistible, which does not allow us to think of anything other than you.' ( La Vie Spirituelle , Vol. 20, August 1929.)  It is a union in virtue of which Christ is bound to the soul by ties of love so close that conjugal affection alone affords a term of comparison. In various passages of essay Scripture the relation of Christ to the Church, and to the individual soul, is described as that borne by the bridegroom to the bride.St.
Liguori, quoting St. Bernard explains that singulae animae singualae sponsae - every souls, as spouse. ( Commentary on Psalm XLIV , 11) In the Apocalypse (xxi, 2) St. John sees the Church as the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from among the historians God, prepared as a bride adorned for the husband. St. Paul, addressing the local Church of Corinth writes: I espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ (II Cor. xi, 2). And elsewhere he points out the analogy between the physical union which makes man and essay prompt, woman one flesh, and the far higher and yet more intimate bond between God and the bride-soul, in academic paper companies virtue of which he who is joined to samford prompt, the Lord is psychology one spirit (I Cor. vi, 17). Matrimony as a permanent state typifies that union. And the same symbolism is present in the mutual consent which is the essential part of the rite of essay marriage: since the consent is representative of the among the historians review, state which it establishes. George H. Joyce, S.J., Christian Marriage , Sheed and Ward, 1948.  Quoted by Eric Gill in Art and Love, op. cit. (No. Essay! 3 above)  I am indebted to Prof.
Jean Hani, La Vierge Noire et le Mystere Marial for the quotes in the historians and other essays this paragraph. (Guy Tredaniel, 1995)  Summa III, Q41, Article 4., Q. 49, Article 6. In marriage, the samford, woman takes on the name of her husband, thus symbolically giving up her individual and separate identity, .  St Augustine says that Christ confirms at abortion wrong Cana what he established in prompt paradise. ( Commentary on Ephesians 5:23)  Cf. footnote 14 above.  Allocution to Midwives, October 29, 1951. Essays Assignments Mcmillan! Allocutions are considered part of the ordinary Magisterium. St. Augustine is often wrongly accused of stating that any pleasure derived in the act of intercourse is sinful. In his book on The Goods of Marriage (Chapter 16), he speaks in essay positive terms of the natural delight that the patriarchs enjoyed in the act of companies intercourse. Essay Prompt! Augustine is only against making pleasure the only purpose of the act.
Prummer's Moral Theology states: Not only the conjugal act itself, but also touches and looks and all other acts are lawful between the married, provided there is paper no proximate danger of samford pollution and the sole intention is not mere sexual pleasure. Therefore, in ordinary circumstances the confessor should not interrogate married persons about these accompannying acts. Thesis On Teacher! Again, Pius XII states: The Church can rightly declare that, profoundly respectful of the sanctity of marriage, she has in theory and practice left husband and wife free in that which the impulse of a wholesome and honest nature concedes without offense to the Creator (Allocution, Sept. 18, 1951).  According to Father Kearns, S.J., St.
Thomas Aquinas, St. Bonaventure, Alexander of Hales and many other theologians of equal importance concur with this opinion. ( The Theology of samford essay prompt Marriage , Sheed and Ward, 1964). Denis the Carthusian explains that: pleasure cannot be avoided in abortion wrong sexual intercourse, and yet it is not a sin when it is not sought after and the act itself is performed as it should be. In the same way the samford, pleasure in abortion wrong food and drink, natural as it is and related to samford prompt, a spiritual goal, is not a fault. As Aristotle says and St. Thomas repeats, our moral evaluation of an act and the pleasure joined to an act is the same. Therefore the pleasure from is morally essay a good and virtuous act is good; and to the extent that it is good, it can be desired. ( ibid ).  St.
Thomas quotes St. James to the effect that they that use this world (let them be) as if they used it not. In each case he (St. Paul) forbade enjoyment. Prompt! A footnote explains that the Latin fruitionem used in this situation refers to enjoyment of a thing sought as one's last end. (Translation by Fathers of the English Dominican Province).  One can draw certain parallels between eating and the sexual act.
Both are physiological, at least in part; both are natural. An Anthropologist And Other! Clearly, excessive indulgence in samford essay the sexual act can be likened to gluttony. Academic! But, hunger has is essay a function destitute of psychic counterpart, and under normal social conditions, nothing in regard to essays, food corresponds to the part that the sexual function plays in an individual's life, or to essay prompt, the profound and most, manifold influence exerted by that function on the emotional, moral, intellectual, and, not seldom, spiritual level. Essay Prompt! As G. K. Chesterton said, sex cannot be admitted to a mere equality among elementary emotions or experiences, like eating and academic, sleeping. The moment sex ceases to be a servant, it becomes a tyrant. There is something dangerous and disproportionate in its place in human nature, for whatever reason; and it does really need a special purification and dedication. ( St. Francis of Assisi ).  Orgasm, the essay, point at which disindividualization is maximum, is derived from the Greek word Orgy, originally meaning holy or inspired exaltation. It is a sad commentary on the current state of affairs that the word now is essays associated only with the unleashing of the senses. (Cf. footnote #22.)  An example of beauty leading to God is provided by St. John Climacus where the Bishop Nonnos of Edessa found himself in the presence of a beautiful nude dancer and commented that he took the occasion to adore and glorify by his praises the sovereign Beauty, of which this woman was only a reflection, and he felt himself transported with the fire of divine love, pouring forth tears of joy.
Such an individual, says St. John Climacus, was incorruptible even before the universal resurrection (The Ladder ).  Allocution to Midwives, October 29, 1951. It was for samford prompt, this reason that artificial insemination was forbidden by Pius XII in his allocution to an International Congress of Catholic Doctors on September 29, 1949. Just as the welcoming of children is abortion is morally essay a welcoming of God's will, so also, the absence of children in a marriage is a cross to be born, but also an acceptance of essay prompt God's will.  The Theology of Sex in Marriage , Daniel Planque, Fides, 1962.
 Allocutions to midwives, October 29, 1951, and to the Associations of the large families, November 26, 1951. Solange Hertz sees the use of research periodic abstinence as onanism. She claims that the Jews forbade the sexual act during infertile periods and that this is why it was forbidden during menstruation. St. Thomas Aquinas discusses this and states that this was a ritual prohibition no longer applying to Christians, and further stated that the reason Christians should not have intercourse during menses is that children born of such conceptions are not healthy. Samford Prompt! Her views have been expressed in most famous argumentative essays The Remnant , and in her most recent book entitled Beyond Politics. As noted later in this paper, there are strong Jansenist tendencies among certain traditional groups. Samford Prompt! I quote specifically Letter 13 of the Society of St. Pius X dated July 17th, 1990 which while referring to the same document of Pius XII, instructs the faithful in the following terms: Natural family planning cannot be used by the spouses, except under some very exceptional circumstances, i.e., danger of death or very serious health problems for the pregnant mother, living conditions such that you cannot financially support another child, if you are sure all your children will be born with a pathological condition. If some of our faithful have such a hard time accepting this teaching it is because of the lack of a spirit of penance and of the spirit of the faith!
They try to go to heaven without the cross! I personally find this attitude on the part of clergy who are hardly noted for their spirit of penance, and of which approximately 1/3 have abandoned the priesthood and another 1/3 gone over to modernist Rome, somewhat offensive. I can think of few things which are more penitential than trying to raise a Catholic family in a Catholic manner in the modern world. Why could they not have simply quoted the gentle words of Pope Pius XII? Any asceticism not accompanied by strict adherence to the truth is a waste.  Other texts are No-pill No-risk Birth Control by Nona Aguilar, Rawson Wade Publ., New York and academic paper, Natural Birth Control by Frank Richards, Spectrum, Melborne, Australia.
Various organizations exist to promote so-called natural methods of samford prompt birth control. Not all of abortion is morally essay them are truly Catholic however.  Taken from two of Meister Eckhart's Sermons, Franz Pfeiffer translation, Watkins, London, 1947.  The use of wine, like sex, is easily perverted.  Christos Yannaras thinks that Christian marriage. is most profoundly both an imitation of Christ and a participation in the mystery of samford His self-offering. This is because both share a true eros.
This is why in his view the newly-wed couple are martyrs - witnesses to the truth which is being affirmed. Indeed, Yannaras declares that the counseling research, love of a man for his wife is in fact a love for all the members of Christ's body since she [the wife] sums up the beauty and truth of the world, of all creation. Samford Essay! Thus we begin to see why the virginity of monks and the eros which grafts marriage into counseling paper, the life of the essay, Kingdom of God are basically the write essays assignments mcmillan, same. Virginity is eros free from the prompt, natural constraint of lust and pleasure, and it is the same eros which marks an orthodox Christian marriage. ( The Freedom of counseling psychology Morality , St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1984) Quotation taken from Father W.B. Zion, Eros and Transformation . Unfortunately Father Zion's book is samford essay prompt strongly influenced by modernist ideas.)  In God the ' eros ' is outgoing, ecstatic. Because of it lovers no longer belong to themselves but to those whom they love. God also goes out of himself. when he captivates all creatures by write, the spell of his love and his desire.
Dionysius the Areopagite, Divine Names , IV, 13) Again, God is the producer and samford essay prompt, generator of tenderness and most essays, eros . In so far as eros originates from prompt him, he can be said to be the moving force of argumentative essays it, since he generated it. Maximus the Confessor, On the Divine Names , IV, 4. And again, Blessed is the person whose desire for God has become like the lover's passion for the beloved (St. John Climacus, The Ladder of Divine Assent , 30th. step.  St. Augustine defined lust as that affection of the mind which aims at the enjoyment of one's self and one's neighbor without reference to God.