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Ateneo Law Entrance Exam Reviewer. Best Nyu Admission Essay? Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 29 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM 2 Implementation of Effective Compliance and Ethics Programs and the Federal Sentencing Guidelines Steven D. Online Creative Writing Degree? Gordon* How should a company go about designing and implementing a compliance program? While other chapters address the nyu admission essay, specifics of research paper compliance programs in particular industries, this chapter considers issues relating to designing and implementing compliance and ethics programs generally. The biggest influence on the design and implementation of a compliance program is guidance from the U. We will write a custom essay sample. on Ateneo Law Entrance Exam Reviewer or any similar. topic specifically for you. S. Sentencing Commission contained in the Federal Sentencing Guidelines that apply to essay companies convicted of federal criminal offenses. The Sentencing Guidelines set standards that have become the * The author wishes to acknowledge Jennifer Dure, Michael Manthei, Christopher A. Individual Essay? Myers, and Jonathan Strouse for their contributions to this chapter. 29 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 30 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM Q 2. 1 CORPORATE COMPLIANCE ANSWER BOOK norm for virtually all companies, even though relatively few will ever be prosecuted or convicted. In fact, the best, most useful benefit from using the Guidelines to design and maya angelou, implement a compliance and ethics program is nyu admission, that it can help companies avoid investigations and convictions in the first place. In addition to complying with the Sentencing Guidelines, if the company is publicly held, it must comply with the SarbanesOxley Act of 2002. And if the company is a federal government contractor or subcontractor, the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) comes into play. Other compliance requirements apply to other industries.

Since 1991, the sentencing of corporations and other business entities convicted of media portrays of beauty federal criminal offenses has been. Page 2 Ateneo Law Entrance Exam Reviewer Essay. governed by the Federal Sentencing Guidelines (“Sentencing Guidelines”), established by the U. S. Best Nyu Admission? Sentencing Commission. These Sentencing Guidelines were mandatory, but in 2005, the Supreme Court ruled that it is 30 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 31 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM Compliance Programs U. S. Sentencing Guidelines Q 2. 2. 1 unconstitutional to apply them in essay maya angelou mandatory form. The Court left them intact as voluntary guideposts that federal courts should consult but are not bound to follow. 1 In addition to providing guidance on how convicted companies should be sentenced, the essay, Sentencing Guidelines also contain detailed guidance from the Sentencing Commission on what it means to have an “effective” compliance and ethics program. This guidance, contained in chapter eight of the Guidelines Manual, 2 is used by rights essay hundreds of companies to design and implement their compliance programs and nyu admission, is also the standard used by many government agencies to evaluate company compliance and ethics programs. Q 2. 2 How do the individual rights, Sentencing Guidelines relate to an effective compliance program? A company convicted of essay a federal offense is eligible for a reduced sentence under the sections research, Sentencing Guidelines if it has an effective compliance and ethics program and the offense occurred despite the program. Nyu Admission Essay? 3 The Sentencing Guidelines spell out the basic elements of an effective compliance program.

4 Additionally, a prosecutor might exercise his or her discretion not to bring criminal charges if the writing degree texas, company has a compliance program that meets the Sentencing Guidelines’ requirements. Q 2. 2. 1 Why should my company care about the Sentencing Guidelines if it conducts business. honestly and is unlikely ever to face criminal prosecution? If the business is a corporation, its management probably has a duty to ensure that the business has an adequate compliance program. The Delaware Chancery Court, in nyu admission essay the leading Caremark decision,5 held that corporate management has such a duty under Delaware law in light of the Sentencing Guidelines. Maya Angelou? Also, having an effective compliance program can show that the corporation was not at best nyu admission essay, fault if an employee does engage in criminal or unethical conduct. Sections? Even ethical companies get investigated. Best Nyu Admission? In the event of an investigation, enforcement authorities will look at a variety of factors to determine whether there has been wrongdoing, who is at fault, and whether to bring criminal, civil, administrative, or no claims against 31 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 32 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM CORPORATE COMPLIANCE ANSWER BOOK Q 2. 3 the company.

Among the most significant factors influencing these decisions is whether the sections research paper, company has a compliance program that meets the Sentencing Guidelines’ requirements. Components of an Effective Compliance Program Q 2. Best Nyu Admission? 3 What policies and procedures should my. company implement to meet the Sentencing Guidelines’ requirements? You are required to have written standards and procedures. After performing a thorough assessment of your company’s legal, compliance, and sections research paper, reputational risks, you should create policies addressing those risk areas. The number and types of standards and best, procedures a company requires depend on a number of factors, including the industry in which the company operates. Research? Q 2. 3. 1 What are the elements of an effective compliance program that will satisfy the essay, Sentencing Guidelines?

The Sentencing Guidelines state that the online creative, two fundamental. elements of an effective compliance and best nyu admission, ethics program are: (1) (2) exercising due diligence to on how to deal prevent and detect criminal conduct; and otherwise promoting an organizational culture that encourages ethical conduct and a commitment to compliance with the law. 6 Q 2. 3. 2 What specific steps must our company take to best essay create an physics paper effective compliance program? The Sentencing Guidelines provide that, at a minimum, a company must do the following in order to have an effective compliance and ethics program: (1) (2) Establish standards and procedures to nyu admission prevent and detect criminal conduct. Ensure that the company’s governing authority (board of. directors, etc. ) understands the media portrays the image of beauty, content and operation of 32 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 33 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM Compliance Programs U. S. Sentencing Guidelines (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) Q 2. 3. 2 the program and exercises reasonable oversight with respect to its implementation and effectiveness. Specific senior manager(s) shall have overall responsibility to ensure the implementation and effectiveness of the program.

Specific individuals shall be delegated day-to-day operational responsibility for the program and shall be given adequate resources and authority. They shall report periodically to senior management and shall have direct access to the board of directors or a subgroup thereof. Keep bad actors out of nyu admission managerial ranks (or other key positions). Reasonable steps should be taken to screen out persons whom the company knows, or should know through the exercise of due diligence, to have a history of engaging in illegal activity or other misconduct. Take reasonable steps to communicate periodically and in on how to deal international a practical manner its standards and nyu admission essay, procedures to its officers, employees, and, as appropriate, its agents, by conducting effective training programs and otherwise. disseminating information. Take reasonable steps to individual essay (a) ensure that the program is followed, including using monitoring and best, auditing to detect criminal conduct; (b) evaluate periodically the program’s effectiveness; and physics paper, (c) have a system whereby employees and agents may report or seek guidance regarding potential or actual criminal conduct without fear of retaliation (although a mechanism for anonymous reporting is not required). Promote and enforce the best nyu admission, program through appropriate incentives and disciplinary measures for engaging in criminal conduct and for failing to take reasonable steps to prevent or detect criminal conduct. Take reasonable steps to respond appropriately to criminal conduct and to prevent further similar criminal conduct, including making any necessary modifications to online creative texas the compliance and ethics program. 7 33 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 34 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM CORPORATE COMPLIANCE ANSWER BOOK Q 2. 3. Best Nyu Admission? 3 Q 2. 3. 3 Is there a standard compliance program that most companies can use? No.

There is no “one-size-fits-all” solution. The Sentencing Guidelines recognize that an effective program must be tailored to the particular company. Paper? The Sentencing Guidelines require a company to engage in periodic risk assessments in designing, implementing, and modifying its compliance and best nyu admission, ethics program. 8 Each company must examine the nature of maya angelou its business and its own prior history to determine what sorts of criminal conduct pose the greatest risk, and nyu admission essay, then take steps designed to prevent and detect such misconduct. For example, if your company employs sales personnel who have flexibility in setting prices, you must have established standards and procedures designed to prevent and detect price-fixing.

If you employ sales personnel who have flexibility to represent the material characteristics of a product, you must have established standards and procedures designed to prevent fraud. Your company should prioritize the risks that you face in terms of the severity of the criminal conduct and with, its likelihood of occurring, and tailor your compliance and ethics program accordingly. 9 Designing and Implementing a Compliance Program Relevant Factors and nyu admission, Considerations Q 2. 4 Are industry practice and sections research, standards considered in assessing the effectiveness of a compliance program? Yes. The Sentencing Guidelines recognize that the particulars of an effective compliance and ethics program are likely to be affected by best nyu admission applicable industry practice or the paper, standards called for by any applicable governmental regulation. For publicly traded corporations, applicable governmental regulations would include the essay, requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. A company’s failure to incorporate and follow applicable industry practice or to comply with applicable government regulations will weigh against the image of beauty a finding 34 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 35 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM. Compliance Programs U. S. Sentencing Guidelines Q 2. 5 that its compliance program is an effective one. 10 For healthcare companies the Department of Health and Human Services, through its Office of Inspector General, has issued a number of very specific compliance program guidances targeting specific business sectors such as hospitals and pharmaceutical manufacturers. Q 2. 4. 1 Does the company size matter?

Size is a relevant factor in structuring a compliance and ethics program. A large company generally should devote more formal operations and greater resources to its program than a small company. Q 2. Essay? 4. 2 • • • What are the differences between compliance programs for essay on how to deal large companies and small companies? The governing authority in a small company may directly manage the compliance and essay, ethics efforts. A small company may train employees through informal staff meetings and monitor them through regular “walkarounds” or continuous observation during normal management. A small company may use available personnel, rather than separate staff, to carry out the compliance and individual essay, ethics program. 11 Requirements; Risk Areas Q 2. Best Nyu Admission? 5 When it comes to putting a compliance program together, where do we start? A first step is to determine whether the compliance program must satisfy the on how to deal with, mandates of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act12 in addition to the Sentencing Guidelines.

Sarbanes-Oxley, if applicable, imposes fairly detailed requirements that focus on the company’s internal control over financial reporting and best essay, its disclosure controls and procedures. A good compliance program should also address the prevention of other employee misconduct that may impose civil liability on the company or that may victimize the company itself. The foundation for designing a good compliance program is to identify the principal risks of misconduct that must be safeguarded 35. Corporate Compliance Answer Book. Online Creative Texas? book Page 36 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM CORPORATE COMPLIANCE ANSWER BOOK Q 2. 5. 1 against. This is a task that requires input from counsel and senior management. The effectiveness of the compliance program likely will be directly proportional to nyu admission the time and effort invested in designing it. Q 2. 5. 1 What are the most common risk areas that we may need to address in our compliance program? Consider the following fifteen areas: 1. Essay Maya? Accounting practices. Sarbanes-Oxley has made internal control over financial reporting and disclosure controls and procedures the foremost risk area for every public company. It also spells out in best detail the procedures that must be used to essay with international terrorism address this risk area.

Private companies must also protect against the risk that an officer or employee may “cook” or alter the books in order to boost performance or hide problems. Best Nyu Admission? Common examples include improper revenue recognition, intentional overstatement of assets, or understatement of liabilities, as well as false entries to cover up employee embezzlement and theft, or expenditures for improper or illegal purposes such as bribes. 2. USA PATRIOT Act. The PATRIOT Act aims to cut off sources of financing for terrorists by strengthening anti-money laundering laws. The PATRIOT Act greatly expanded the individual, definition of best “financial institutions” covered by anti-money laundering laws to include not only banks, savings associations, and credit unions, but also securities broker-dealers; investment companies; hedge funds; commodities brokers; mutual funds; issuers or redeemers of travelers checks; operators of on how to deal with international credit card systems; insurance companies; telegraph companies; loan or finance companies; automobile, airplane, and boat dealers; real estate brokers; persons or companies involved in real estate closings and settlements; currency exchanges; money transmitters; pawn brokers; travel agencies; dealers in precious metals, stones, or jewels; and casinos. 13 36 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 37 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM Compliance Programs U. S. Sentencing Guidelines Q 2. 5. 1 The PATRIOT Act requires that “each financial institution shall establish anti-money laundering programs” unless the Treasury Department issues a specific exemption. These programs must include written policies and procedures; a designated compliance officer; employee training; and periodic auditing and monitoring.

14 Further, financial institutions must implement special account opening procedures and best essay, “Know Your Customer” due diligence. 15 In addition, banks, securities broker-dealers, money services businesses, and casinos are required to file reports of suspicious transactions with the Treasury Department’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network. 16 Finally, all persons (not only financial institutions) who receive in excess of $10,000 in research cash in best nyu admission essay one transaction, or two or more related transactions, in the course of paper their trade or business are required to file a currency transaction report. 17 3. Conducting business with suspected terrorists. Following the September 11 attacks, Executive Order 13224 mandated creation of a list of persons, entities, and groups believed to be connected with terrorism.

This order bans anyone in the United States from conducting any business with any person, entity, or group on nyu admission, the list, which is maintained by the Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC). 18 The OFAC list is constantly updated and now is quite lengthy, consisting of thousands of on how international terrorism names, aliases, and “doing business as” designations. Businesses, particularly those with some international component, must ensure that they are complying with the provisions of the Executive Order. Specifically, before entering into or continuing any financial relationship, businesses should check the identities of existing and potential clients and customers against the latest OFAC List. 4. Conflicts of best nyu admission essay interest; corporate opportunities. Conflicts of interest are an issue for every company. The code of ethics mandated by Sarbanes-Oxley specifically requires a company to promote the maya, ethical handling of actual or apparent conflicts of interest between personal and professional relationships. 19 Common breeding grounds for conflicts of interest include employee relationships with the company’s suppliers and outside employment. 37 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. Best Nyu Admission Essay? book Page 38 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM Q 2. The Image Of Beauty? 5. 1 CORPORATE COMPLIANCE ANSWER BOOK The corporate opportunity doctrine forbids employees, officers, and directors of a company from essay, (i) taking for physics themselves personally opportunities that are discovered through the use of corporate property, information, or position; (ii) using corporate property, information, or position for personal gain; and. (iii) competing with the company.

Analytically, this doctrine is a subset of conflicts of interest. The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), however, has proposed to amend its rules so that each issuer listed on the Exchange would be required to adopt a code of conduct that addresses, under separate headings, both conflicts of interest and corporate opportunities. 20 Further, Sarbanes-Oxley, in order to strengthen protections against best essay conflicts of sections paper interest, prohibits public companies from making personal loans to any director or executive officer. 21 5. Best? Bribes, kickbacks, improper payments, inappropriate gifts. Improper payments to government officials are a potential issue for many companies, especially if the government is a customer or if the business is subject to significant government regulation. Maya? Giving bribes or gratuities to best nyu admission essay U. S. government officials is prohibited by research paper federal law,22 and bribery of foreign government officials is prohibited by the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.

23 Kickbacks are explicitly prohibited, both at the prime contractor and subcontractor levels, in connection with any federal government contract. 24 Kickbacks also are prohibited in exchange for essay the referral of business for which payment is made under federal healthcare programs, such as Medicare and Medicaid. 25 In addition, a number of states have criminal commercial bribery statutes that prohibit payments to influence the conduct of an agent or employee with respect to the affairs of the agent’s employer. 26 6. Antitrust issues. Antitrust issues such as price fixing, collusive bidding, and market allocation are a concern in many industries. 38 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 39 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM. Compliance Programs U. S. Sentencing Guidelines 7. With International Terrorism? Q 2. Best Nyu Admission? 5. 1 Confidential information and trade secrets. Individual Essay? For many companies, protection of confidential information and trade secrets is best, a significant issue. In the on how to deal with terrorism, healthcare industry, protection of nyu admission individual health information is critical. Often such information may be a key company asset and, under Sarbanes-Oxley, the safeguarding of of beauty company assets is one of the elements of best internal control over financial reporting.

27 In order to protect its proprietary data and trade secrets, a company must take the essay maya angelou, requisite steps to best preserve confidentiality. At a minimum, this includes reminding employees, during the course of their employment and upon their departure, of their continuing duty to safeguard such information. In addition, written confidentiality agreements may be desirable. Further, companies must ensure that they do not become liable for misappropriating trade secrets belonging to their competitors or third parties. Research Paper? Employees should be warned against acquiring a competitor’s confidential or trade secret information—and against best nyu admission bringing such information with them from a prior employer when they join the company. 8. Product safety. If the company manufactures or processes tangible products, especially consumer goods, then product safety may well be a key risk area. Individual Rights? Indeed, in highly regulated industries that implicate public health and safety, such as food and drugs, product safety is likely to be the single most important risk issue. Where public health and safety are implicated, defective products may trigger strict criminal liability for the company as well as its senior managers.

28 9. Workplace safety. In industries such as manufacturing, construction, or extraction of natural resources, workplace safety may be a significant issue. 10. Environmental issues. For many businesses, compliance with environmental laws is a significant concern. Some environmental statutes are drafted in such sweeping terms as to create something approaching strict criminal liability in best the event of a violation. 29 39 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 40 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM Q 2. 5. 1 CORPORATE COMPLIANCE ANSWER BOOK 11. Government contracts issues.

As detailed in writing chapter 15 on government contractors, new mandatory compliance and ethics program requirements went into best nyu admission effect on December 12, 2008, for paper many government contractors and best, subcontractors. Sections Paper? The new requirements amend the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) and are modeled to nyu admission essay a large extent on the Federal Sentencing Guidelines criteria for effective compliance and ethics programs. 30 In addition to the specific elements of a compliance and ethics program that must be implemented, the new FAR provisions also require mandatory reporting of violations of federal criminal law, violations of the civil False Claims Act, and research, “significant” overpayments. Companies engaged in contracting with the federal government are especially vulnerable to liability for best essay business misconduct. A number of statutes impose civil liability upon government contractors for engaging in fraudulent conduct or failing to comply with applicable procurement and contracting rules. 31 Further, an online creative degree array of criminal statutes may be applied to contractors who engage in fraud or other misconduct. 32 The most common types of best essay fraud encountered in government contracting include defective pricing, cost mischarging, product substitution, progress payment fraud, antitrust violations, kickbacks, bribery, gratuities, and conflicts of interest.

33 12. Insider trading. Another risk for publicly held companies is that directors, officers, or employees may engage in insider trading in essay the company’s shares. The NYSE considers this risk so significant that it identifies insider trading as one of the best, issues to be addressed by essay angelou the code of conduct it has proposed for best nyu admission essay listed companies. 34 13. International business practices.

U. S. laws that may create significant risks for companies engaged in international business include export control laws and the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA). Export control laws and regulations prohibit the export of certain commercial products, strategic goods, defense articles and their related technologies, and the furnishing of 40 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 41 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM Compliance Programs U. S. Sentencing Guidelines Q 2. 6 defense ser vices, unless licensed by the appropriate federal agency—either the Department of Commerce or the Department of State. Note that an “export” can occur anywhere when equipment or technical data is released or made available to a foreign person, whether within the United States or abroad. The FCPA prohibits bribery in the conduct of business abroad. In general, the FCPA prohibits corrupt payments to foreign officials or political parties (whether made directly or through intermediaries) for the purpose of obtaining or keeping business. 35 14. Employee relations. Discrimination and harassment issues are a concern for virtually all employers. Creative Degree? Federal statutes and regulations forbid discrimination in the workplace based on best nyu admission, race, color, sex, religion, national origin, marital status, age, or disability. 36 Discrimination or harassment can subject a company to media of beauty civil liability for compensatory damages and, in cases involving malice or reckless indifference, to punitive damages as well.

37 15. Best? Other issues. Research? There are a number of additional issues that are less common but very significant to particular businesses or industries. Certain highly regulated industries, such as banking and healthcare, face numerous compliance risks that derive from the best essay, specialized laws and regulations that govern their conduct. Other businesses, though not highly regulated, may have particular attributes that create significant compliance risks. For example, marketing organizations are vulnerable to charges of fraudulent sales techniques. Compliance programs must be designed to combat these risks. Code of Conduct Q 2. Media? 6 Is a code of conduct a required part of a compliance program?

A code of ethical conduct is a centerpiece of a compliance program. The Sentencing Guidelines and Sarbanes-Oxley now make a 41 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 42 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM. CORPORATE COMPLIANCE ANSWER BOOK Q 2. 6. 1 code of ethics virtually mandatory for all companies. Furthermore, both the NYSE and best nyu admission, NASDAQ have proposed rules that would mandate that listed companies adopt codes of research paper business conduct and ethics. Best Essay? 38 Sarbanes-Oxley effectively requires every publicly traded corporation to adopt a code of writing texas ethics that applies to best nyu admission essay its principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller, or persons performing similar functions. 39 Q 2. Physics Paper? 6. 1 What are the legal requirements for a code of conduct? Sarbanes-Oxley mandates that the code consist of written standards that are reasonably designed to deter wrongdoing and to nyu admission essay promote: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) honest and ethical conduct, including the ethical handling of essay on how to deal terrorism actual or apparent conflicts of best interest between personal and professional relationships; full, fair, accurate, timely, and understandable disclosure in reports and documents that a registrant files with, or submits to, the SEC and in other public communications made by the registrant; compliance with applicable governmental laws, rules, and regulations; the prompt internal reporting of research violations of the code to best nyu admission essay an appropriate person or persons identified in the code; and accountability for media of beauty adherence to the code. 40 The Sentencing Guidelines impose more general requirements for best nyu admission a code of conduct. They require that the company establish standards and procedures to physics prevent and detect criminal conduct, and take reasonable steps to communicate periodically and in a practical manner its standards and procedures to nyu admission essay all employees and agents by conducting training programs and otherwise disseminating information. Q 2. 6. 2. What are the elements of a good code of conduct?

A corporate code of media ethical conduct should accomplish several distinct, but related, objectives: 42 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 43 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM Compliance Programs U. S. Sentencing Guidelines Q 2. 6. Best? 2 1. Address, in sections research a direct, practical manner, the compliance risk issues that are relevant to the particular company. The code should alert employees to the principal risks and best nyu admission essay, spell out rights essay, their duty to best avoid them. Some of the most effective codes follow up their discussion of the relevant standards with. sample questions and writing degree texas, answers applying the best nyu admission essay, standard(s) to sections common situations that employees are likely to best essay encounter. 2. Individual Rights Essay? Identify the personnel who administer the company’s compliance program, from the senior executive(s) in charge of the program down through any lower-level contact personnel. In addition, the code should outline the system for reporting suspected misconduct. Employees and best essay, agents must be able to report or seek guidance regarding potential or actual criminal conduct without fear of retaliation. Furthermore, it is desirable (and sometimes required) that the system permit confidential, anonymous reporting. 41 The code should state unequivocally that any employee may contact compliance personnel to online creative discuss potential violations of the code without fear of essay retribution and, if applicable, that anonymous reporting is an option. The code should encourage employees to contact compliance personnel whenever an ethical issue arises and they are uncertain about whether or how the code applies.

3. Announce that employees who violate code provisions will be sanctioned for their misconduct, indicating the range of sanctions that may be applied. The sanctions may range from a reprimand for minor or unintentional violations up to termination for cause for physics paper serious violations. The Sentencing Guidelines note that disciplinary actions sometimes may need to nyu admission be taken not only against the actual offender but also against individuals who fail to take reasonable steps to prevent or detect the misconduct. 42 Thus, the code should also state that an employee who witnesses a violation and fails to report it may be subject to discipline, as may a supervisor or manager to the extent that the violation reflects inadequate supervision or lack of the image of beauty diligence. 4. Be distributed to all company employees and essay, agents in writing and/or by making it available on individual essay, the company’s website. Many companies require that employees certify that they have received and read the code of conduct. Some companies make this an annual 43 Corporate Compliance Answer Book. book Page 44 Thursday, June 17, 2010 4:20 PM CORPORATE COMPLIANCE ANSWER BOOK Q 2. 6. 3 ritual. Such certifications can provide useful evidence of the best nyu admission essay, company’s good faith and diligence if an issue ever arises. Sections Research? However, the certifications can end up undercutting the company’s position if they are incomplete or out of date. Thus, if a company decides to utilize employee certifications, it must diligently monitor them to best nyu admission essay ensure that they are complete and up to essay date.

Q 2. 6. 3 How many codes of conduct should a company have? Sarbanes-Oxley mandates a code of ethics only for a select group of senior corporate officials: a company’s principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller, or persons performing similar functions. In contrast, the Sentencing Guidelines and the proposed NYSE and NASDAQ rules require a code that is broadly applicable to a company’s officers, employees, and (as appropriate) agents. For most companies, it would seem simplest to have only one code of conduct that applies to all officers, employees, and agents, and that either applies the Sarbanes-Oxley standards to all such persons, or else “adds on” the specific Sarbanes-Oxley requirements for essay the specified senior officers who are subject to research them. Multiple codes of best conduct applicable to different groups of officers and/or employees are likely to breed problems for the company.

Compliance Program Administration Q 2. 7 How do we administer and enforce a compliance program? 1. Establish comprehensive written policies and procedures that implement the Code of Conduct and research paper, that address the specific risk areas you have identified. 2. Conduct effective training programs and otherwise disseminate information about the compliance program to officers and employees. 3. Establish and publicize a system for reporting violations. 44 Corporate Compliance Answer.

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little dorrit essay Where possible, bibliographical information appears in nyu admission essay the form of in-text citations, which refer to the bibliography that appears below in physics research this column. Clicking on nyu admission essay superscript numbers will take you to longer notes, which appear in this column; clicking the back button on your web browser will return you to your place in media the main text. Links in essay the text take you to other documents and paper images in the Victorian Web . 1. Best Essay? Can You Forgive Her (1864); The Eustace Diamonds (1873); The Small House at Allington (1864); The Warden (1855); The Last Chronicle of Barset (1866) 2. Later references to this character will be simply written as “Blandois,” the last pseudonym he assumes in the novel. 3 These traits, and other references to abstract character traits that contribute the given character’s immoral behavior, are capitalized to elevate the power these traits have over rights essay, a character’s moral disposition.

4 James Kay Shutlesworth’s work, from best nyu admission, which Armstrong draws her claims, was done in the mid-1830s, about 20 years before Dickens began serially publishing Little Dorrit . 5 The Tu quoque fallacy is “the fallacy of defending an error in one's reasoning by pointing out physics research that others have made the same error. An error is still an error, regardless of how many people make it.” (Taken from the webpage of Glenn Whitman, Professor at CSU, Northridge.) 6 Langland attributes this claim to the work of Michael E. Rose, who according to best nyu admission essay, Langland, argued that “the middle classes saw the sections paper lower classes qualitatively different from themselves.” Her citation of Rose’s work is as follows: Rose, Michael E. “The Disappearing Pauper” Victorian Attitudes to the Relief of the Poor.” Sigsworth 56-72. 7 I had also intended to consider Tatttycoram as a character who sacrifices herself, however her circumstances deposit her directly between the two groups of characters I have mentioned so far those who sacrifice others, and those who sacrifice themselves for others. Tattycoram ultimately sacrifices herself (particularly her individuality), but it is not for others, and is actually for best nyu admission her own conditional happiness with the Meagles family. Essay Maya Angelou? It seems then that her sacrifice was executed to nyu admission, relieve herself of a worse condition (the one with Ms. Wade), which can be likened to Mr. Writing Texas? Merdle’s suicide, but of course is much different for several reasons.

It is for these reasons that I have chosen to address Tattycoram in this footnote rather than in the body of the essay, but for what it is worth, I believe the novel neither rewards nor punishes Tattycoram for her unique circumstance of sacrifice. Anderson, Amanda. The Powers of Distance: Cosmopolitanism and the Cultivation of Detachment . Princeton University Press, 2001. Armstrong, Nancy. “History in the House of Culture: Social Disorder and Domestic Fiction in Early Victorian England.” Poetics Today . 7.4 (1986): 641-71. Blumberg, Ilana.

Unnatural Self-Sacrifice: Trollope’s Ethic of Mutual Benefit . University of best nyu admission essay California Press, 2004. 506-46. Dickens, Charles. Little Dorrit . Penguin Books, 2003. Fleishman, Avrom. “Master and Servant in Little Dorrit ” Studies in online creative degree English Literature 14.4 (1974): 575-86. Goodlad, Lauren. “A Middle-Class Cut in Two: Historiography and Victorian National Character.” ELH 67.1 (2000): 143-78. Langland, Elizabeth. “Nobody’s Angels: Domestic Ideology and Middle-Class Women in the Victorian Novel.” PMLA (1992): 290-304.

Whitman, Glen. Nyu Admission? “Logical Fallacies and the Art of media the image Debate” http://www.csun.edu/ dgw61315/ index.html. Accessed May, 2009. Yeazell, Ruth Bernard. “Do It or Dorrit” NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction 25.1 (1991): 33-49. Most readers of Charles Dickens will have noticed that his novels employ characters from various social classes of Victorian England, each character developed enough for the reader to make an inference about Dickens’s commentary on social or domestic order, or at least enough for the reader to know that commentary is afoot, whether or not he or she is able to make anything of nyu admission essay it. Additionally, most scholars who have read literary criticisms of Charles Dickens will have very likely been exposed to an extensive array of of beauty theories concerning what his commentary on best nyu admission social order, and the characters’ particularly defined roles within it, actually is. “It is Dickens’s almost unique genius,” begins Avrom Fleishman, Professor Emeritus of English at Johns Hopkins University, “to tell us not only how it feels to be alive in class society, but also how people shape their own character under the spell of inequality” (575). Although Fleishman does not expand on his statement in this way, it can be read as if to say that although Dickens’s develops his characters within a specific social framework, the paper most provocative commentary rests not in the roles, responsibilities, virtues, and vices stereotypically found among the Victorian social classes, but rather through the ways in which the characters define their own moral characters, independent of their assigned social order. That is to say, one orphan may act entirely different than another orphan ( Great Expectations ’ Pip and Oliver Twist ’s title orphan), one capitalist entirely different from best, another capitalist ( Little Dorrit ’s Mr.

Meagles and Hard Times’ Bounderby), one cosmopolitan character entirely different from sections paper, another cosmopolitan character ( Little Dorrit ’s Arthur Clennam and Monsieur Rigaud, to foreshadow a later discussion), and so on. Dickens’s novel then shifts from a commentary on Victorian social class, to a commentary on best the individuals who are thrust, aptly or otherwise, into those classes. This shift does not deny the existence of social and domestic categories, but instead suggests that each character has the on how willful agency to behave in a way that is morally independent of best nyu admission essay those who share his or her social or domestic category. Dickens’s 1857 novel, Little Dorrit , serves well perhaps inadvertently to demonstrate that a character’s moral development has more to do with the individual’s disposition than his or her standing in online texas the social and domestic hierarchies of Victorian England. Nyu Admission? Ruth Bernard Yeazell, in her essay “Do It or Dorrit”, similarly theorizes that “more than most Dickens’s novels, Little Dorrit frustrates any attempt to trace human acts or failures to act to single determining origins” (39). In order to exercise my claim, I will investigate the ways in which Little Dorrit ’s characters engage their moral identities through acts of sacrifice both in terms of sacrificing oneself for others, and of sacrificing others, either for oneself or otherwise. This should be an important and fruitful exercise, as “the relation of sacrifice to the mid-Victorian novel is an extraordinarily rich, surprisingly understudied topic” (Blumberg 515). It is indeed surprising, for as Blumberg goes on to note, “mid- to late-nineteenth century writings are exceptionally prone to conceive of social relations in terms of sacrifice” (515). On How To Deal With International Terrorism? Although her essay focuses this trope of sacrifice on five Anthony Trollope novels, the nyu admission essay mid-Victorian novels with which she expands her claim are Bronte’s Jane Eyre (1847); Charolette Mary Yonge’s The Heir of Radcliffe (1853); George Eliot’s The Mill on the Floss (1860) and sections Silas Marner (1861); Wilkie Collins’ The Moonstone (1868) and No Name (1862); Charles Dickens’s Great Expectations (1861) and A Tale of Two Cities (1869). 1 With regards to George Eliot, this trope could as well include Daniel Deronda (1876), and with regards to Dickens, we might also consider Bleak House (1853) in which Esther Summerson, determined to do good and “win some love”, is confronted with a potential sacrifice of her happiness in best nyu admission essay her efforts to thank Mr.

Jarndyce. Additionally, investigations of the individual and sacrifice have also resonated in political and fantastical novels of the research Victorian era. Regarding the nyu admission essay political, Beauchamp’s Career (1875) by George Meredith involves the sacrifice of its protagonist to selfless morality as he attempts to save a street urchin from drowning, while previously sacrificing his connection with a rich uncle in his attraction to the Radical ideology. Regarding sacrifice in the fantastical, the sections conclusion of George MacDonald’s Phantastes (1858), while vague, ought to be considered as the character Cosmo sacrifices his own life to save the soul of nyu admission essay his beloved. It appears then that Blumberg is correct in noting the tendencies of mid-Victorian novels to conceive of relationships in terms of sacrifice; however, Little Dorrit separates itself with greater emphasis on morality and individuality, and this essay will be chiefly concerned with that emphasis. To capture a broad perspective of sacrifice, my investigation will consider several of Little Dorrit ’s developed characters from the pivotal players of Arthur Clennam, Mr. Merdle, and the image of beauty Amy (Little) Dorrit, to the supporting cast members such as Tattycoram, Rigaud/Langier/Blandois, 2 and Ms. Best? Wade, among others. Ultimately, the novel suggests that those characters who sacrifice others, either for their own personal benefit or in negligence, will in research turn find themselves fatally sacrificed by the very forces within themselves Greed, Ignorance, Pressure, 3 etc. that catalyzed their sacrifice of others. Conversely, the novel suggests that those characters who sacrifice themselves for others will in best nyu admission turn find themselves rewarded with happiness, perhaps the most beloved reward of them all. Let us first consider those characters who sacrifice others, knowingly or negligently.

With each character thus analyzed, I will show, in order, who they sacrificed, why their social class or label cannot be an excuse for their moral flaw, and paper finally how they in turn become sacrificed by the forces within themselves that catalyzed their sacrifice of others. Since the novel begins with the sinister Monsieur Rigaud, so then will I. It will be first useful to identify him, as he does himself, as a “cosmopolitan gentleman” (24). More explicitly, he declares, “I own no particular country. My father was Swiss Canton de Vaud. My mother was French by essay blood, English by birth. I myself was born in Belgium. Individual Rights? I am a citizen of the best nyu admission essay world” (24). This “gentleman” makes three attempts at sacrificing others, two of with international terrorism them successfully, the other nearly executed, but ultimately unsuccessful. First, he kills his wife “Struggling with her assassinating her!” (27) Then he deliberately poisons the Gowon’s dog both instances of best nyu admission course contrary to his own side of the story.

The third instance materializes in his unsuccessful attempt to sacrifice Mrs. Clennam by exposing her lie that concerns Arthur’s legitimacy, and likewise the legitimacy of rights essay her motherhood. The reader may now wonder why I found it “useful” to essay, identify Monsieur Rigaud as cosmopolitan. First, with regards to research, a character’s moral disposition, Rigaud’s cosmopolitan nature coincides with Amanda Anderson’s observation of how Dickens involves cosmopolitan characters in Victorian English society: On the one hand, Dickens ambitiously strove in his novels to comprehend a social whole, and best nyu admission essay his narratives repeatedly assert omniscient and comparative knowledge as an intellectual and ethical value.

On the other hand, insofar as the knowledge embodied in creative writing the narratives, and essay accessible to select characters, involves exposure to scathing truths about economic inequities or systemic corruption, it actually becomes a negative force as well, threatening the individual’s sense of purpose and capacity for on how to deal with international terrorism clear moral vision when dealing with others who are suddenly viewed as fully complicit in best nyu admission the forms of essay to deal with international terrorism power that structure the social world more broadly [emphasis added] (70). In short, Anderson argues that a character’s cosmopolitanism can sometimes generate an “ethical value,” and sometimes it can generate an ethical flaw. Nyu Admission Essay? While this argument is not false, I believe it requires a slight adjustment. I would like to suggest that a character’s moral behavior is not governed by cosmopolitanism itself, but is governed rather by the character’s individual response to his or her cosmopolitanism that is, how the characters use their cosmopolitanism, and not how cosmopolitanism uses the characters. Portrays The Image? To assert that Monsieur Rigaud’s “capacity for best nyu admission essay clear moral vision” is “threatened” is to put it as mildly as our English vocabulary allows. But to use the vocabulary that Anderson uses, what is his capacity for moral vision threatened by? For Anderson, it is the very actuality of his cosmopolitanism. In chapter two of her book, The Powers of Distance, she alludes to individual rights essay, Dickens’s broader anxiety that “cultivated detachment aesthetic, scientific, and nyu admission essay cosmopolitan poses a distinct threat to moral integrity, purposiveness, and forms of belonging” [emphasis added] (82).

She goes on, however, to stress that “in many of [cosmopolitanism’s] Enlightenment manifestations, it comprises both intellectual and ethical dimensions, with a prominent emphasis on individual the practice of self-cultivation” (64). Since other cosmopolitan characters in Little Dorrit , in best nyu admission essay other Dickens’s novels, and in other Victorian works behave much differently than Rigaud, it seems more reasonable to physics, say that his capacity for moral integrity is not threatened by cosmopolitanism, but rather his individual response to best nyu admission, it. The moral differences between the cosmopolitan characters are therefore determined not by cosmopolitanism’s effect on online creative writing the individual, but by essay the individual’s effect on cosmopolitanism by the degree to which they use cosmopolitanism to morally cultivate themselves. This is an important distinction to make because by essay to deal with terrorism shifting accountability to the characters themselves, the novel is justified in the rewards or punishments it allots to the moral or amoral characters, respectively. Although granting that Monsieur Rigaud is perhaps more cosmopolitan than other characters who seem to be worthy of essay such a label, it must be noted that these other characters with traces of cosmopolitanism adhere to an entirely different program of moral values. After all, the research “Fellow Travellers” from the East in Chapter Two behave without the coldness, deceitfulness, and best nyu admission manipulation to which Rigaud subscribes. The Meagles, granting their unwillingness to angelou, (further) improve Tattycoram’s well-being, by and large behave respectfully. Miss Wade, while pessimistic and nyu admission essay suspicious, commits no real harm.

And Arthur Clennam, the novel’s hero, might be regarded as Rigaud’s moral antithesis. Additionally, although she is not one of these “Fellow Travelers,” the cosmopolitan Mrs. Physics Paper? General, who “in the course [of about seven years] made the tour of essay Europe, and sections paper saw most of that extensive miscellany of objects which it is essential that all persons of polite cultivation should see with other people’s eyes, and never their own . Essay? . . was a name more honorable than ever” (473). Hence it is essay to deal terrorism, Rigaud’s reaction to nyu admission, and decided involvement with his cosmopolitanism that defines his moral makeup. Paper? When viewed in best essay this light, the collection of cosmopolitan characters crumbles down, and the image of beauty the individuals, with their own unique dispositions, remain unscathed by this social category. The novel, with regards to nyu admission essay, moral temperament, is therefore neither pro- nor anti-cosmopolitan; however, it is decidedly in favor of online writing those who react to their cosmopolitanism honorably and selflessly (sacrificing themselves for others), and is against those who react dishonorably and selfishly (sacrificing others, knowingly or otherwise). Part of my thesis stated that those characters who sacrifice others, either for their own personal benefit or otherwise, will in best turn find themselves fatally sacrificed by the very forces within themselves that catalyzed their sacrifice of others. As just shown, the individual essay catalyst cannot be Rigaud’s cosmopolitanism, as this trait surfaces in some of the moral characters of the best nyu admission novel as well. Manipulation, Deceit, and Malice, therefore, seem to be the safest bets what instigated these traits, one can only guess.

In any case, it follows then that Rigaud fittingly dies beneath the very house that he tried to media, manipulate, or literally, “the great beam that lay upon him, crushing him” (828). Whereas Rigaud enters the novel in an unsympathetic and rather ominous light, the imprisoned Father of the Marshalsea, Mr. William Dorrit, is first introduced as “a very amiable and very helpless middle-aged gentleman . . . .a shy, retiring man; well-looking, though in an effeminate style; with a mild voice, curling hair, and irresolute hands” (73). Yet Mr. Dorrit, instead of nyu admission essay sacrificing himself for individual rights the sake of his children, imposes sacrifices upon them Little Dorrit bearing most, but Fanny and Tip (because of nyu admission essay their unwillingness to sacrifice themselves for others) suffering most. Research Paper? He loosely spends Testimonial money from visitors and perpetuates his stay in the Marshalsea, which perpetuates the misfortune of the Dorrit children. The most poignant demonstration of Mr. Dorrit’s lack of sacrifice, however or more explicitly his lack of charity, which always involves sacrifice in some shape is captured while in his carriage bound for Paris. While “every cripple at best essay, the post-houses, not blind, who shoved his little battered tin box in at [Mr. Dorrit’s] carriage window for Charity in physics research the name of heaven, Charity in the name of our Lady, Charity in the name of essay all the Saints,” Mr. Dorrit preoccupies himself with “castle-building. running towers up, taking towers down, adding a wing here, putting on the image of beauty a battlement there, looking to the walls, strengthening the defenses, giving ornamental touches to the interior, making in all respects a superb castle of it” (664).

Not only does he sacrifice his own children, but he fails to make a charitable sacrifice when the opportunity stares him in the face which especially weakens his moral character when the reader recalls that acts of charity or sacrifice by visitors to the Marshalsea (strangers to Mr. Best Nyu Admission Essay? Dorrit) were that which made his bitter imprisonment tolerable, and physics paper daresay comfortable. Of what Mr. Dorrit is supposed to be representative, it becomes increasingly difficult to tell. Essay? He is literally a father, though for most of the novel cared for rights essay as a child. He was “brought up as a gentleman,” and “Ed’cated at nyu admission essay, no end of expense,” though often times detrimentally ignorant (79). It is perhaps for these reasons that we need not demonstrate any further how the essay with novel distinguishes Mr. Dorrit as a morally unique individual, but it should be remembered that no character save for Mr. Merdle who at any time shares a social or domestic category with him, behaves with the immoral recklessness to which Mr. Best? Dorrit subscribes. The closest argument would go to rights essay, the cosmopolitan Rigaud, but this obliges one to see Mr.

Dorrit’s travel experiences as cosmopolitan, which becomes difficult to do when he simply surrounds himself with Englishmen while abroad. He is best essay, like the American who vacations in Japan and books a reservation at portrays of beauty, Planet Hollywood not exactly the nyu admission essay cosmopolitan experience. What then is the force within that catalyzes his sacrifice of others and/or his lack of sacrifice for others? Some critics of Victorian-era behavior, both in and outside of the novel, want to blame disrupted households. Contemporary critic Nancy Armstrong, recalling the research of on how to deal international James Shuttleworth, explains that machinization and problems of political order produced disorder in Victorian households, and nyu admission essay likewise that “geographies of domestic disorder were also maps of moral disorder” (654). 4 First, this starkly contrasts with Elizabeth Langland’s assertion that “the nineteenth-century novel presents the household as a secure and paper moral shelter from economic and political storms,” however neither Armstrong’s nor Langland’s assertions add up in Little Dorrit , if at all elsewhere. Concerning Armstrong’s view that domestic disorder produced moral disorder, we have only to recall that not only do Amy Dorrit and her father both subscribe to domestic disorder, but they are in the same family! How did Amy evade moral degeneracy while it captured the rest of the family? How did Arthur behave so well despite the troubling circumstances of the best nyu admission Clennam household? Acknowledging the goodness in the characters of Amy and Arthur means a concurrent acknowledgment that, with regards to moral behavior, individual dispositions trump domestic order, or disorder.

Mr. Dorrit therefore has no social or domestic category to blame; the most likely culprit seems to rights essay, be a combination of Self-Absorption and nyu admission Ignorance. This combination surfaces visibly in the “castle building” scene mentioned earlier, though Ignorance takes precedence concerning the sacrifice of angelou his children: “All I have been able to do, I have done,” he says to best nyu admission, Amy (248). And again to Amy: “I cannot, my dear child, think of engrossing, and ha as it were, sacrificing you” (638). Both forces (Self-Absorption and Ignorance) again contribute to his injurious investments with Mr. Merdle: his Self-Absorption drives him into individual rights the company of society’s most esteemed members, and his Ignorance of how to manage himself and his money in a society for which he pretends to be equipped (“though of course I should, under any circumstances, like the rest of the civilized world, have followed in Mr. Nyu Admission? Merdle’s train”) drives him to to deal with international, lose everything, bringing his children down with him, again (643). Early in the novel, Amy foreshadows the danger of her father trying to exist in the world outside the prison, saying “he might not be so fit himself for the life outside, as he is for [the Marshalsea]” (113). Because of best this he is in turn sacrificed by the resulting pressure of his humiliation that follows these unfavorable endeavors.

One might sympathize with a man who caught the same Epidemic “in common with the individual rights rest of the essay world,” but the Ad Hominem fallacy “ Tu quoque ,” 5 while often tempting, is hardly a worthy excuse (538). Mr. Merdle brings us to my last though not the novel’s sole remaining example of essay maya these amoral sacrificers. He is, however, the most obvious example, making sacrifices of everyone who trusted him with their investments, and spreading the symptoms (with help) of best nyu admission his own Epidemic. Essay To Deal? Upon the exposure of his Greed and Manipulation, the novel calls him “the greatest Forger and the Greatest Thief that ever cheated the gallows” (742). The novel explicitly labels Mrs.

Merdle as one of his victims, explaining that she “had been sacrificed to the wiles of a vulgar barbarian” [emphasis added] (838). Best Nyu Admission? Mr. Merdle, however, attempts to save face as most guilty people do by attempting to explain the “sacrifices” he had born. While discussing society with his wife, Mr. Merdle claims she does “not know anything of the sacrifices [he makes] for it,” but these “sacrifices,” just like his self-sacrifice of suicide, are made solely for his benefit the former contributing to his bottomless pockets, the latter relieving him of the impending humiliation.

He is thus ultimately sacrificed by the Greediness that caused him to sacrifice others or at least the individual rights “Pressure” resulting from that greed (741). Like Mr. Dorrit and Monsieur Rigaud, Mr. Merdle’s amoral inclination to sacrifice others for himself stands independent of nyu admission essay any social or domestic category. His behavior actually subscribes to the kind of morality that most middle-class citizens assigned to the bottom rungs of society. As Elizabeth Langland reminds us, “social ideology inscribed the lower classes as inherently less moral, less delicate, more physical, more capable of strenuous labor” (295).

6 To what then can we attribute his extreme lack of morals? It cannot be that he is a father; consider Mr. Meagles, the angelou elder John Chivery, the kind-hearted plasterer Mr. Plornish, and Mr. Rugg.

It cannot be his exposure to wealthy society; again consider retired banker Mr. Meagles and best essay Mr. Rugg (and to an extent even the Barnacles in the Circumlocution Office, who do nothing at all). It cannot be his capitalist nature; consider Daniel Doyce, who Arthur describes as “the honest, self-helpful, indefatigable old man, who has worked his way all through his life,” and who Mr. Meagles reminds us, “never complains” (134). Mr.

Meagles’ description of Doyce especially contrasts with Mr. Media Portrays The Image Of Beauty? Merdle when we recall that Merdle’s “ complaint had been, simply, Forgery and Robbery” (742) [emphasis added]. Nyu Admission? As the narrator in Chapter Eleven points out, “There never was, there never had been, there never again should be, such a man as Mr. On How International? Merdle” (597). Just as the novel demonstrates again, perhaps inadvertently the amoral independence of characters such as Monsieur Rigaud, Mr. Dorrit, and Mr. Merdle, and punishes them accordingly by killing them at the hand of those forces within themselves that catalyzed their sacrifice of others Malice, Self-absorption, Ignorance, Greed, etc. the novel also displays those moral, self-sacrificing characters, as independent of best social or domestic categories. Individual? That is to say, it is nyu admission, not only the essay maya amoral characters who eradicate a moral mold of social or domestic distinctions.

Let us now consider for what or for whom these self-sacrificing characters sacrificed themselves, how they stand morally independent of social or domestic category, and likewise how the novel rewards them for this moral behavior. The obvious example is Amy Dorrit, who sacrifices herself for best nyu admission just about everybody she meets in the novel (excepting young John Chivery, poor fellow). In fact, she sacrifices so much for maya the well-being of others that her family’s existence entirely depends on best nyu admission essay Amy’s selfless industriousness: “My brother would have been quite lost without Amy,” says Mr. Dorrit. On How To Deal International? “We should all have been lost without Amy” (108). Any reader of Little Dorrit should not need further examples of Amy’s sacrificial character; however, her moral independence may not be as obvious. That she is the daughter of a poor family, or even that she is a child of an imprisoned widower (and therefore might seem to be saddled with greater responsibility), is not enough to explain her selfless actions for others; consider Tip and Fanny, both of whom are thrust into nyu admission the same circumstances, and both of to deal with terrorism whom unload the sacrifices they ought to make onto the already feeble back of essay their youngest sibling. Additionally, just as was the case with her father, Amy’s actions stand entirely independent of Armstrong’s supposed cause-and-effect of domestic disorder and media the image of beauty moral degeneracy.

Amy also pays no heed to the “social ideology [that] inscribed the lower classes as inherently less moral, less delicate, more physical, and more capable of strenuous labor” (Langland, 295). Amy’s behavior actually renders this attempted categorization totally laughable, as she is more moral, more delicate, less physical, and less capable of strenuous labor. Best Nyu Admission? The novel itself identifies Amy as morally independent of others who share her social or domestic category, explaining that “she was inspired to be something which was not what the rest were, and to be that something, different and laborious, for the sake of the rest” (86). Amy’s ideals of sections research paper being something, or doing something, “for the sake of the rest” is perhaps one of wholesome nostalgia. (Esther Somerson from Bleak House, as mentioned earlier, might coincide with Amy here as well). In the same article referenced earlier concerning domestic and moral disorder, Nancy Armstrong discusses Peter Gaskell’s lamentation of. the passing of a time when families were bound together by the strong link of affection, each member in its turn, as it attained an best nyu admission essay, age fitted for the loom, joined its labor to the general stock, its earnings forming part of a fund, the whole of which was placed at sections research paper, the disposal of the father or the mother, as the best essay case may be; and each individual looked to him or to her for the adequate supply of its wants.’ [656] Aside from the discussion of sections research paper role reversals upon which this paper’s thesis could have rested entirely (and differently), and for which another twenty pages would be necessary this passage, when considering the Dorrit family’s dependence upon best, Amy’s sacrifices, seems to deposit her amid an old-fashioned family unity that the rest of the Dorrits selfishly resist. Or perhaps the essay maya angelou rest of the Dorrits are unknowingly caught in the sway of what Blumberg calls “the emergent system of consumer capitalism, [which] with its emphasis on materialism and material success, recommended taking advantage of the sacrifices of others ” (513). Among other things, considering the Dorrit family in accordance with Gaskell’s lamentation serves to nyu admission, morally distinguish her from individual, others in her social or domestic sphere.

This lack of help from the nyu admission family becomes more interesting when the on how to deal with international novel reaches its conclusion and Arthur, perhaps siding with the reader, declares to Amy, “It is nyu admission, not my imprisonment only that will soon be over. This sacrifice of you must be ended” (849). I mention Arthur’s acknowledgement of rights essay Amy’s sacrifices here specifically with regard to the lack of offered help from best nyu admission essay, Amy’s family because it seems the person best equipped to help Amy is a self-sacrificing character who also subscribes to a similar set of online texas moral principles. Amy, of course, is not the only character benefiting from Arthur’s self-sacrifices. Best Essay? The entire Dorrit family benefits from the sacrifices of his time, energy, and money, and if these were not enough, he accepts the full burden of the physics research paper ruined partnership venture with Daniel Doyce. In addition to best nyu admission, mentioning for what or for whom Arthur sacrifices himself, it is important to reveal how the novel describes the essay with terrorism beautiful history of his moral development: He was a dreamer in such wise, because he was a man who had deep-rooted in his nature , a belief in all the gentle and good things this life had been without. Bred in meanness and hard dealing, this had rescued him to best nyu admission, be a man of honorable mind and open hand. Bred in the image coldness and best essay severity, this had rescued him to have a warm and essay sympathetic heart. Bred in a creed to darkly audacious to pursue, through its process of essay reversing the making of man in the image of his Creator to the making of physics research his Creator in the image of an erring man, this had rescued him to judge not, and in humility to be merciful, and have hope and charity. [180] It is hardly worth pointing out nyu admission essay that Arthur’s moral character is independent of creative social and domestic categories, since the novel tells us it is rather “deep-rooted in best nyu admission his nature.” However, for the sake of thicker substance, I will say that his moral character cannot be attributed to his experiences in travel (or to physics paper, Cosmopolitanism), for we have only to look at Rigaud and Mr.

Merdle; it cannot be that he is best nyu admission essay, a son (of any social class), for we have only to look at Tip Dorrit and Henry Gowon; it cannot be his domestic rootlessness or his bitter upbringing, firstly because he lives unaware of his illegitimacy, but secondly and more importantly because Ms. Texas? Wade, also “bred in coldness and severity,” while committing no real harm, has anything but “hope and charity.” It cannot be the nyu admission essay domestic disorder of the Clennam household this paper has already said plenty on sections research that topic. In short, it cannot be anything to do with social or domestic classes. The novel has created Arthur, just as it created Amy, as a selfless character morally independent of those with whom he shares typical social and domestic categories. Whereas the novel punishes those characters who sacrificed others particularly by sacrificing them to the vices that catalyzed those sacrifices the characters who have sacrificed themselves for best others Little Dorrit and Arthur Clennam find themselves rewarded for their moral behavior. 7 Specifically, they tie the knot and on how international terrorism enter “a modest life of usefulness and happiness” (859). This contrasts with Beauchamp’s Career in which the protagonist, while curiously in a loveless yet happy marriage, is punished (drowned) in his selfless moral act of best nyu admission essay saving a drowning child. Essay On How With International Terrorism? One might read a reward into that, though that is for another essay all together. Similarly, the Tulliver children of Mill on best nyu admission the Floss are punished (drowned) in their attempt to rights, find and best nyu admission save Lucy Deane, however both children can as well be guilty of essay angelou sacrificing others for their own ends, and thus deserve the drowning according to nyu admission essay, the reward-punishment system discussed above. Regarding Little Dorrit ’s self-sacrificers, the reader should understand that although Arthur and online creative texas Amy’s reward does not necessarily cease their sacrifices they continue “to give a mother’s care to Fanny’s neglected children no less than their own . . . and to give a tender nurse and friend to Tip” this does not negate their reward. The novel describes them as “inseparable and blessed” and knows that they find “happiness” in nyu admission essay seeing “the light shine on others and physics research paper hailing it” (859, 181).

Of course, neither one of them has hardly any capital to their name, but with the fates of other characters mentioned in this essay, it is hard to imagine they would prefer anything to honorable moral company. By now, it might be tempting to nyu admission, recall the characters this paper has put beneath the moral microscope and think that many of them have found ways to except themselves from the sections paper rule, as the saying goes. That is to say, the nyu admission novel makes judgments about the morals of specific social and domestic categories parents, children, cosmopolitan, provincial, poor, wealthy, etc. but shows how certain characters have found ways to behave outside of individual rights those conventions. However, when the number of exceptions becomes equal to or near the best amount of rules, the foundations of the rules (behavioral conventions and stereotypes in this case) become brittle at best. This is especially the case when there exists more than one exception to a given convention. Arthur Clennam is not the only cosmopolitan character who subscribes to honorable moral behavior; consider Mr. Individual Rights? Meagles and Mrs. General. Likewise, Monsieur Rigaud is best essay, not the only cosmopolitan character to behave wickedly; remember “the greatest Forger and the Greatest Thief that ever cheated the gallows” (742). The same can be said for characters under the circumstance of domestic disorder.

Arthur and Amy both emerge as the novel’s two most selfless, morally behaving characters, yet the other members of the Dorrit family are morally blind or shallow. No matter which social or domestic category presents itself in essay to deal terrorism Little Dorrit , there are always at least two characters who behave morally independent of that category. It is essay, important to notice that behaving independently of essay on how with social or domestic category is best, not synonymous with behaving in a certain way despite behavioral conventions typically associated with a given social or domestic categeory. After all, to research paper, behave despite X first requires an acknowledgement of X’s existence and best nyu admission essay then requires one to behave in a way contrary to X X in this case meaning “lower-class citizens behave this way,” or “capitalists behave this way,” and so on. That Little Dorrit ’s characters act independently however, insinuates that its characters’ social or domestic category has no bearing whatsoever on the morality of their behavior. This does not suggest that social or domestic categories do not exist in online writing degree texas Little Dorrit (that would be downright silly), but rather suggests, as the reader may recall from the best essay introduction, that each character has the rights essay willful agency to behave in a way that is morally independent of those who share his or her social or domestic category. Removing morality from the discussion, there are undoubtedly many things which social and domestic categories can and probably do influence, inside and outside of the novel.

However, that is not with what this paper, in its limited scope, concerns itself. By demonstrating again, perhaps inadvertently that characters (and likely the citizens of the society within which, for which, or about which the novel was written) can act morally and nyu admission selflessly independent of any social or domestic category, Little Dorrit creates individuals in a society obsessed with compartmentalizing the many levels of social and domestic life in essay with international terrorism Victorian England. Amanda Anderson is perhaps the literary critic most in touch with this as she explains “it is crucial to note that Dickens does seek at least partly to ground the capacity for achieved attachments in individual nature or temperament” (76). She carries this idea further by saying “the true moral distinction that Dickens makes is between those who assert forms of nyu admission redemptive belief against such bleak conditions and those who fail to do so” [emphasis added] (76). A character’s moral development goes beyond just “redemptive belief against such bleak conditions,” however. As exemplified in Mr. Merdle, it is the characters in all conditions of society from top to on how to deal with terrorism, bottom, side to side who must strive to nyu admission, hone selfless moral dispositions. Critics of the Victorian novel, and likewise of Charles Dickens, will continue to draw lines around social and domestic categories, shaping and reshaping them as a new theory demands it.

However, with the online lens of morality, these boundaries dissipate more and more, and eventually disappear. Nyu Admission? This dissipation especially plays out in moral boundaries concerning social classes that is lower-, middle-, or upper-class distinctions. As we see in Little Dorrit , members of the upper-classes include both moral and amoral characters, and the same can be said for the lower-classes. Most interesting perhaps is Mr. Dorrit, who moves from the lower society of the essay Marshalsea to upper-society toward the end of the novel, and behaves immorally in nyu admission essay both. The creation of rights essay these morally independent characters also justifies the reward or punishment divvied out to them.

Since it is best nyu admission essay, easier to gauge a character’s moral disposition by the extreme forms of morality, there was no better assessment than to follow Little Dorrit ’s characters into their engagement with sacrifice sacrificing oneself for the sake of others being the extreme form of essay selfless moral behavior, and sacrificing others (either in full knowledge or negligence) being the extreme form of immoral behavior. Little Dorrit rightfully rewards those characters Arthur and Amy who willing sacrificed themselves for the sake of best nyu admission others by granting them happiness. Essay? Conversely, the novel punishes (by death) those characters who sacrificed others, fittingly at the hand of the forces within themselves that catalyzed their sacrifice of best others. In other words, none of the immoral characters die accidentally; if a character is guilty of something as serious as sacrificing others, he or she can never be an innocent bystander. As more critics begin to consider the ways in which Little Dorrit exercises the ideas of morality, sacrifice, and individuality as discussed in this paper, this novel will likely join other Victorian works considered to portrays of beauty, be one of the “novels [that] served among the century’s chief agents in secularizing and spreading the gospel of self-sacrifice” (Blumberg 514). This consideration will perhaps prove useful in best essay an analysis of Victorian culture outside the creative degree texas novel as well, with the understanding that.

the nineteenth-century novel is drawn to self-sacrifice in part as an exploration of its own aesthetic and historical tensions: between individual psychology and social structure; between idealized and realist representation; between the sympathetic, socially concerned aims of best its writers and individual rights their professional, commercial ambitions. [Blumberg 516] Not only best essay does Little Dorrit demonstrate the possibility of moral self-cultivation, but insists on it, and rewards or punishes those characters according to their moral behavior. In short, no one gets away with anything because everyone’s accountable for themselves. Optimists would love to believe this is representative of real Victorian society and even of real life today, but realists who want justice served ought to research, stay inside and read another book.

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Talent Sourcing: Beyond Tips, Tricks, Hacks and the Internet. It’s bothered me for best quite some time now that many people essentially equate sourcing with Internet search – using search engines such as Google and Bing to find resumes, lists, press releases, etc. It bothers me because sourcing is so much more than that. It also bothers me because I am aware that many companies (some quite large and physics well respected) limit their sourcers and recruiters primarily to the Internet as the only source of information. I believe a major contributing factor as to why sourcing isn’t highly valued by some organizations and why sourcing doesn’t get as much widespread respect and recognition as it should is best nyu admission, because too many people associate sourcing primarily with Internet search. The future of maya angelou, talent sourcing will involve a shift from manual Internet search and best ATS/CRM systems with only rudimentary search and analysis capability to highly specialized tools specifically designed for mining vast and proprietary human capital data sets dynamically compiled from multiple sources that enables predictive analytics. It’s coming – will you be ready?

Will you be ahead of the curve or behind it? Corporate Leadership – Is Your Money Where Your Mouth Is? Most people agree that any given company’s only sustainable competitive advantage is to identify, attract, recruit and retain great people. If the physics research executive leadership of any company really believed that their people are their greatest asset, and that hiring great people is best, critical to their long term success as a business, why would they limit their sourcers and research recruiters to nyu admission essay using common Internet search engines to search free and unstructured data? Do they really believe that they are enabling their talent acquisition team with the highest probability of success in essay on how terrorism, consistently being able to find, attract and recruit top talent? Think about nyu admission it – if you’re using Internet search engines to source potential candidates, you’re using Google, Bing and other sites in a manner for which they were certainly not specifically designed, and you’re searching unstructured data that everyone has free access to. Does that sound like you’re being enabled with a competitive advantage in any way?

There’s no denying that valuable information can be mined from the Internet, and there is media the image of beauty, no doubt that the more knowledgeable you are with regard to leveraging Internet search engines, the best nyu admission more quickly and easily you can retrieve information others cannot and of beauty do not find. However, I believe that technology-enabled talent sourcing is many years (at least a decade) behind what it should and could be at this point, and a huge contributing factor has been the last 10+ years spent focusing primarily on Internet search. Sourcers and recruiters responsible for best sourcing should not be asked by their employers to writing degree become sourcing MacGuyvers – having to best inventively use common and unspecialized tools that everyone has access to to solve their company’s talent acquisition challenges. You could technically play a game of baseball with a broomstick, a tennis ball and just your hands for catching, but you’d lose to a similarly skilled team that used the same bats, balls and gloves that Major League Baseball pros use. Boolean search does not = Internet search, although you would be hard-pressed to believe that based on online creative writing texas the majority of best nyu admission, information published on rights the topic, at nyu admission essay least within sourcing and recruiting circles. A good bit of the “Boolean” search advice you can find online isn’t really focused on Boolean logic at all – you’ll find that a large chunk of the portrays sourcing advice and information actually consists of Internet search engine tips and nyu admission tricks and essay maya specific website “hacks.” Being able to effectively leverage Internet search engines is important and helpful for best any sourcer or recruiter, but searching unstructured and media the image public data certainly has its limitations, and nyu admission essay there are much more powerful search engines available that were designed from inception for powerful text retrieval. There is no denying that the Internet is a big pile of unstructured data, a good deal of which is old and outdated – and that there is plenty of “stuff” out there that can’t even be retrieved, simply because it’s never been indexed. Let’s also recognize that just because you can search the rights essay Internet doesn’t make it highly searchable. I define highly searchable as the ability to quickly and easily retrieve highly specific information with a very low rate of best essay, false positives. A good bit of the work any sourcer or recruiter has to perform when sourcing with Internet search engines is attempting to remove false positives.

Of course, there is no denying that searching the Internet with standard or Custom Search Engines (e.g. Google CSE’s) can uncover valuable information. However, when it comes to deeper/information rich human capital data such as resumes, there aren’t actually as many CV’s/resumes on the Internet as some people would have you believe. Moreover, it could easily be argued (and perhaps proven with a little more effort) that the majority of the resumes that ARE retrievable with Google or Bing are those of sections research paper, Information Technology professionals. There are many professions for which there are remarkably few CV’s/resumes, if any, retrievable via Internet search. When it comes to shallow/information poor human capital data, such as press releases, lists, directories, etc., I’d argue that there isn’t even as much of best, that as most people assume (some people make BIG assumptions), and it’s certainly not evenly distributed across all job types and industries. Beyond Boolean: Sourcing Methodologies. Sourcing is essay, so much more than Boolean strings.

I’ve written about nyu admission essay this extensively before, so I won’t go into media portrays of beauty, too much of my supporting argument in this post. What I will stress here is that Boolean logic is simply the simplest way to construct a query, which is best, a formal statement of an essay, information need, which in turn is the basic building block of an best nyu admission essay, information retrieval process. The AND, OR and essay to deal NOT Boolean search operators are just the nyu admission “glue” that combine all of the actual search criteria together into with international, a single query. It doesn’t get any simpler than “I want all of these things” (i.e. AND), “I want at least one of these things” (i.e. OR), and “I don’t want these things” (i.e. Best. NOT). If it wasn’t simple, my daughter would not have learned Boolean logic in the first grade in angelou, public school – Venn diagrams and all. When it comes to sourcing, what I feel is significantly lacking is a focus on the information retrieval process , which involves the analysis and interpretation of the data retrieved, and is infinitely more important than any specific search string or Boolean search operator. The most critical component of best nyu admission essay, any query are the search terms and phrases that are included or strategically excluded (and I am not talking about negating false positives), which should be arrived upon through a consistently applied iterative and incremental process.

In spite of this, much of what can be found online in terms of online degree texas, sourcing advice is focused on how to use Boolean operators, Internet search commands and site specific hacks. There is a reason why companies that create software utilize and follow software development process methodologies – and they have been doing so since the best 1960’s ! Why? It’s simple – because they are seeking to find repeatable, predictable processes that improve productivity and quality. Inconsistent processes lead to inconsistent results. Research. So will a complete lack of a process. I strongly believe that if the global sourcing community moved more in this direction, focusing more on the sourcing process and data analysis and interpretation rather than the best essay searches themselves, and physics research more specifically Boolean operators and best nyu admission Internet search commands, sourcing would gain more respect, attention and essay maya investment, especially from leaders and essay executives who currently equate sourcing to searching Google for people. The Future of essay on how, Sourcing: From Internet Hack to essay Data Scientist. I would not be surprised if most sourcers, recruiters and HR professionals had no idea what “Big Data” meant, or what it could possibly mean for the future of talent acquisition.

I also would not be surprised if most people immediately rejected the idea that data scientists already have a place in recruiting teams and HR departments. That’s unfortunate, because I think it’s time more people in the image, our industry started to think outside the box of that has been limiting progressive thought and preventing advancements in best, the utilization of paper, technology to best essay create a competitive advantage in talent acquisition. As such – I highly recommend you read this report from McKinsey Global Institute – Big data: The next frontier for innovation, competition, and productivity. While you’re reading it, the physics whole time think about how the concepts and practices could be applied to human capital data and hiring decisions. Imagine a future where human capital data that can be readily found online in best, the public domain is automatically retrieved and captured (or live-linked to, find.ly style) and combined with private sources of human capital data into structured data sets that enable predictive analytics and that can be manipulated via highly precise and specific information retrieval capabilities that make Google look like a child’s toy.

Literally! I can’t say when this future will become a reality, but it can’t come soon enough for me! I firmly believe the media portrays the image of beauty future of sourcing will involve an evolution from Internet Hacking to Data Science. What is largely done manually now via Internet search will be automated and information from disparate sources will be aggregated into best, proprietary data sets that will become a company’s competitive advantage when it comes to identifying, engaging, recruiting and making hiring decisions to essay acquire top talent. Companies are already sitting on mountains of human capital data that they have captured over the years in their ATS/CRM systems, yet few if any companies are really tapping into the latent power of that pool of data. It doesn’t take a huge mental leap to see that today’s (top) sourcers will be tomorrow’s data scientists enabling the nyu admission essay companies that they work for to essay to deal with international terrorism identify top talent and make better hiring decisions – read this article on best nyu admission essay the Rise of the essay Data Scientist, which is from 2009 no less!

Data scientists are already an integral part of competitive intelligence efforts for best nyu admission many companies, mining and analyzing data to help their companies to gain a competitive advantage. Unfortunately, it seems that pretty much all data scientist jobs today appear to be focused on everything BUT enabling talent identification and online degree acquisition. You may also find this interesting – LinkedIn has a Principal Data Scientist, and best nyu admission he came from Google. Of course, he’s focusing his talents on essay on how to deal with creating a better LinkedIn solution. I believe it is only a matter of time before companies begin to harness the power of data science to enable faster and essay better hiring decisions. I believe that technology-enabled talent sourcing and recruiting is perhaps a decade behind what it should and online creative writing texas could be at this point, and a huge contributing factor has been the fact that for the last 10+ years, many people still equate sourcing with Internet search. Searching through unstructured Internet data that everyone has equal access to with dummied-down and best non-specialized search engines doesn’t afford a company with a strategic competitive advantage. You don’t see companies doing this with their product development, marketing, financial analysis, or business intelligence efforts – their data and BI analysts and data scientists are not limited to using Google for information retrieval and analysis, nor are they limited to searching information solely in maya angelou, the public domain. There’s a reason for that. Using specialized information retrieval, analysis, and visualization solutions to gain intelligence from a proprietary mashup of data affords companies with information and insights that their competitors won’t be able to match. Going back to the MacGuyver comparison – he was able to make use of mundane materials to create unorthodox solutions to any problem he faced.

Imagine if he actually had the nyu admission right or the best tools available? If you’re one of those few MacGuyver-level sourcers or recruiters who can make magic from mundane resources everyone else has access to – good for on how terrorism you. However, imagine what you could accomplish if you had highly specialized tools specifically designed for mining vast and best essay proprietary human capital data sets dynamically compiled from multiple sources that enabled predictive analytics, empowering you to leverage data to more quickly identify, engage and recruit people who are more likely be ideal additions to individual rights essay your company. Can anyone help me make this dream a reality? Making a successful hire has always been a people’s business. Technology can’t take it away completely. But it can definitely go a long way to assist recruiters/ hiring managers to best nyu admission search/source, screen candidates, collaborate and analyse.

Excessive use of technology is counter productive. Good morning Glen — you bring up a point that leads me to quote Dr. Ian Malcolm from Jurassic Park, “Just because you can doesn’t mean you should.” I agree with you that sourcers do waste an awful lot of time poking around free resources and most likely don’t spend nearly enough time with the resources for which their companies paid. (One of the media portrays reasons we’re doing a paid resources panel at SourceCon next month…) I’ve been a proponent of driving the sourcing function toward learning related skills such as communication and best essay competitive intelligence. Limiting oneself to media portrays of beauty just the Boolean stuff will make one obsolete very quickly. Nyu Admission Essay. And claiming that no ‘quality’ comes out of resume databases or structured resources is silly — if that were true, then purchasing an essay on how with, ATS would be silly because that’s just a structured database of your own contacts, right? We need to be able to show our versatile skills and value-adds that can translate into best essay, benefits for other areas of business, including marketing and RD. But the writing degree first step in best nyu admission essay, this is getting sourcers themselves to essay recognize their own worth.

I’m going to dive into this Big Data PDF — looks quite interesting. Thanks as always for your contributions to our community! Hi, Glen. You know I get as excited as many other sourcers do when I find a unique online tool that helps me do my job in best nyu admission essay, a new or more productive way but it really is sections research, a small part of what sourcing is. Sourcing is a big picture. Maybe 20% is the technical aspect and best nyu admission the remaining 80% is interpreting and online writing degree texas working with the best data. I’m looking forward to research downloading the best nyu admission report. I also agree with Amybeth.

Whether it’s sourcing, recruiting or even just life in general sometimes we get caught up in the next shiny object and figuring out what others are doing that we forget what we already have. Media Of Beauty. I am constantly asking recruiters and sourcers what tools they are using, why they use them and how they like what they have. Best. More often than not they claim a problem with a piece of maya, technology they own and that they need a new solution when that technology they own has developed or changed since they last used it. Some of the better vendors will help you find a work around if you are still having an issue. Recruiting will of course always be about people – there is no arguing that point.

However, Technology can be used to best more quickly find people who are more likely to be good hires, facilitating and enabling human decision making. I am not exactly what what excessive use of technology would look like, but I can tell you that my use of technology for to deal terrorism the past 15 years has increased my productivity and reach over nyu admission, and above what it would have been without technology. Amybeth – nice points, thanks! You also get extra credit for the Jurassic Park quote. :-) I just see it as an epic fail that many companies invest so heavily in essay, customized, specialized technology that enables their marketing analysts, financial analysts, data analysts, business intelligence analysts, and even social media analysts – yet so many sourcers are stuck with hacking the Internet and trying to best nyu admission essay search ATS/CRM systems with extremely limited information retrieval capability. And yet, finding and hiring great people is just about every company’s top priority. Or at least it sounds good, but their belief in this message doesn’t pass through to the investment in sourcing and recruiting. :-( Shannon – thanks for commenting!

I agree that sourcing is a big picture, and media the image it is certainly more about process, methodology, analysis, interpretation and decision making than it is about searching. However, one must first be able to retrieve data and information in order to best nyu admission essay analyze it and take action. No technology solution is perfect and without flaw, whether it be ERP systems (financials, SCM, etc.), business intelligence solutions (SSAS/RS, Cognos, Essbase, Business Objects, etc.), or ATS/CRM systems. However, it is media portrays of beauty, undeniable that more money has been invested in essay, advancing and research improving the functionality of most ERP/BI systems as opposed to ATS/CRM systems, probably by a factor of at least 100 (over the years). Additionally, look at best nyu admission how much many companies spend on ERP/BI systems – much more than solutions that are designed to help them proactively identify, track, and essay on how terrorism engage passive talent (as opposed to job posting solutions). The move from even complex Google search to nyu admission essay real BI Mash-ups (mix of public, private, and proprietary data) would be far beyond the scale many businesses can even imagine. Maybe 10 companies that are not in IT business would even consider this anything more than a costly experiment.

We can do much more with the data that exists today, but leave the complex number crunching to essay angelou the accountants. Recruiting is about people. Thanks for weighing in best nyu admission essay, Aaron! I have to disagree with you in that moving to real BI mashups isn’t really a stretch, given that there are so many companies that are already doing this in degree texas, many areas, some as “mundane” as marketing. If businesses can invest in best nyu admission, BI and even predictive analytics for marketing and consumer sentiment, it should not be too difficult to move it over to sourcing and recruiting, IMO. Should marketing analysts have more powerful analytics than recruiters? (no offense to marketing pros) I plan on writing quite a bit more on the subject in the very near future – please stay tuned.

I sincerely appreciate dissenting opinions, so please keep them coming! I agree with you in that recruiting has and always will be about essay on how international terrorism people, but the same is best, true of marketing. Creative. The core of best nyu admission essay, marketing is influencing people’s perceptions and decision making…see where I am going? Thanks again for sharing your thoughts Aaron! Thank you for sharing your ideas. You’ve got to be kidding me! “…highly specialized tools specifically designed for media the image of beauty mining vast and best nyu admission essay proprietary human capital data sets dynamically compiled from multiple sources that enables predictive analytics.” Really? Give us an media of beauty, example of what the nyu admission heck you are talking about. Can I get a light-saber with that? Ok a while back you wrote about a govt owned job board and I came down.

on you pretty hard. I still think it is a terrible idea but on this post. about predictive paralytics couldn’t you just analyze Census Bureau. data and figure this all out pretty fast? Let’s say the govt shares the.

data we need with (haven’t thought through the folks I let see this. data) and you can really work backwards to to deal with the time to hire or fill. numbers from there. So the data says there are 4000 electro-optical. engineers in best nyu admission, the country ages blah through blah. You factor in degree texas, the open. jobs data from an aggregator and add in your background check and best nyu admission essay drug. screen and pretty soon you can tell me how fast you can fill this. position.

So I ping every EO engineer in the country who appears to online writing degree have. the years exp needed and best it takes this many emails/phone calls to get. this many applicants to enable this many interviews which produces a. hire for this position in this area of the rights country with this clearance. Need to nyu admission think this all through a bit more ….you could use the data to.

drive VISA applications…..oops no one wants to hear that now do.

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How to Make an Acting Resume With No Experience. Putting together an actor resume is probably the first and easiest thing an aspiring actor should do. But here#8217;s the conundrum: how do you make an acting resume with no experience ? If you#8217;re in this position, don#8217;t sweat it. It#8217;s not a big deal. Really, it#8217;s not. I remember myself having this exact same thought when I was just embarking on the acting journey. In reality, almost every single actor has been in a position of nyu admission, having an empty actor resume. We#8217;ve all started out acting with no credits. As a newcomer, you#8217;ll have to get comfortable with the idea that you#8217;re a fresh face on the block, you won#8217;t be signed by any top talent agencies in Los Angeles (yet) and you#8217;ll have to work with what you have. Below, I will quickly walk you through what an actor resume is, what purpose does it serve, what resume you need for voice over jobs, the standards for an acting resume in Los Angeles, and the best way to go about writing your actor resume when you have no experience to physics research paper, list. Before we begin, would you like a sample standard LA acting resume that you can edit with your own details?

Share some social love and you can download an editable PDF. Let#8217;s start at the beginning. After reading through this acting resume guide, if you have any questions, drop your comments here and I will try to answer them the nyu admission essay, best I can. What#8217;s an acting resume, and why do you need one? I#8217;m sure everybody knows what a CV (curriculum vitae) is. It#8217;s that piece of paper that people use to show to their potential employers. Surprise surprise, an actor#8217;s resume is the individual rights essay, exact same thing that you use when they#8217;re looking to book acting auditions in best essay LA. It serves the same purpose, and is even structured similarly.

Alongside your headshot, an acting resume is on how terrorism, one of the essay, most important actor#8217;s marketing tools that every aspiring thespian needs to have. It#8217;s your calling card. You will list all of online creative writing degree texas, your acting experience, education, acting training and special skills that you have alongside your contact information, and a few physical stats. Look to the right. Nyu Admission? This is what a Los Angeles based working actor#8217;s resume looks like.

I removed the name and contact info. When you submit for an acting job, a CD will receive your full actor#8217;s package: actor resume, headshot and, if you have it, your demo reel. The CD will look at your headshot first (!) and if you look the part, they will turn it over to see your acting resume on the other side. They#8217;ll scan through your physical stats, your credits and, sometimes, your special skills if that applies. Essay To Deal With International Terrorism? Say your resume looks professional, your look fits the part, and the CD is happy with your experience and credits. In this case, you#8217;re going to get a call about an audition. Best? Congratulations! You just got your first audition. Now back to texas, the real world#8230; Even if you have not done any acting work whatsoever, you can still put together an actor resume with no experience, and send it over to nyu admission essay, CDs with confidence . Despite your worst delusional fears (we#8217;ve all be there, trust me), nobody#8217;s going to think of you poorly if you have little or no acting experience. With? CDs understand that every actor has to start somewhere, thus you may get by on your looks, physical stats, training and/or special skills alone.

Most importantly, don#8217;t get discouraged if you don#8217;t. Simply move onto the next project. Best Nyu Admission Essay? Bottom Line : An acting resume is what every actor needs to put together as soon as they#8217;ve decide to enter show business. It#8217;s their calling card. Basics of a professional actor resume. Sections? Even though you have no credits under your belt yet, you still want to keep your actor resume looking clean and nyu admission, professional.

Here are some basics to degree, go by best nyu admission essay when structuring an acting CV: An acting resume is ALWAYS only one sheet of paper. No exceptions. It must have enough white space to be read easily (hey, you#8217;re perfect for it!) It should be sized to individual rights essay, fit a 8?10 headshot so that you can staple it to the back. Use standard fonts such as Arial or Times New Roman. Do not cram the resume with too many things. Keep it simple and relevant. Do not use any colors.

It#8217;s just black and best, white, plus headings for sections. Never lie on your resume. You#8217;ll be surprised how quickly that gets out. #8220; DON’T lie on your resume. Actors do this all the time and essay, they always get caught. If you claim to have booked a guest star role on “NCIS,” it stands to reason you would have footage from the show on essay your reel. If you don’t, I’m going to ask why. And that’s where the degree texas, lie will start to fall apart. #8221; Secret Agent Man , Backstage.com. Nyu Admission Essay? These are the physics research, primary #8220;rules#8221; for a professional looking acting resume. Follow them and you#8217;ll be alright.

If you download the sample acting resume above , you#8217;ll notice that it#8217;s slightly different from the resume in the picture, but the difference is irrelevant. In fact, most casting directors prefer the simplicity because it#8217;s easier to nyu admission, read and remember. What matters the most in an acting resume is the basic information that#8217;s easy to see: personal details at the top, followed by credits and then training. You can choose either format, just keep it clean and easy to read. And now for the acting resume format technicalities. I suggest you opening that resume sample from above so that you understand better what#8217;s what. Bottom Line : Your acting resume should look clean, professional, adapted for physics research paper quick reading, and with the essay, most recent and most relevant credits. Your personal information . As you can see in the acting resume template I#8217;ve linked to above, and the provided Los Angeles actor resume example, we#8217;re supposed to start with some personal details. For the purpose of this article, let#8217;s assume that you#8217;re a non-union actor with no talent agent representation, which is most likely the case anyway.

Actor#8217;s name . Individual Rights? This is where your stage name (not your legal name) goes. Best Nyu Admission Essay? Simple. Union title. If you#8217;re not affiliated with any actor#8217;s union, then skip this part. Phone number . Sections? Always use the number by which you can be reached any time. Physical stats . Best Essay? Self-explanatory. NEVER put your age or date of birth on the resume. After the basic personal information, we#8217;re moving onto the credits and what acting experience you have. Individual Rights Essay? Your acting experience. Normally, this is best essay, where you would list all your credits, from television to film to theater to physics research, new media.

If you#8217;re pursuing acting in Los Angeles, most of your work will be focused on Film/TV, thus one resume is usually enough. Essay? However, people in New York City, for example, will often have at least two actor resumes: one focused on screen work, one on stage work. If you don#8217;t have much acting experience, then one acting CV will be enough. Film credits . In this section, start with the name of the show , followed by the type of role (NOT your character#8217;s name; see below) you did, then production company and finally director#8217;s name . On How To Deal? Television credits . Similarly to film credits, start with the name of the show , then the type of role (different to film type roles; see below), followed by television network and the director#8217;s name . The same applies to Web Series/Webisodes productions. Essay? Theater credits . Again, begin with the name of the paper, production/play , followed by best nyu admission essay your role/character#8217;s name (this time it#8217;s the other way around), then the theater company#8217;s name and essay on how, the location of best essay, where the production took place. A few quick tips: Always, always list film and television credits under separate sections. Individual Essay? You#8217;ll see some bad actor resume examples where they#8217;re filled under #8220;Film/TV.#8221; DO NOT do this, because it will make your acting resume look very unprofessional.

The reason is mostly because role types work differently on film and TV (see below). Nyu Admission? Once you get more experience under your belt, try to remove some of the older and/or less important stuff from the resume. Keeping it clean will make you look more professional. You also want to have casting directors focus on portrays the image of beauty your best and most important work. You can list your credits any way you want. Some people list them chronologically, but I usually suggest listing your best work at the top so that it catches peoples#8217; attention. Nyu Admission? Never put extra/background work on your resume. The reason being is that extra work is not considered acting. Some people will do so anyway to fill the space, but I strongly advise against that. If you#8217;re ever asked about that part, and research paper, you have to best nyu admission, say that you were actually a background on the set, that will make you look very unprofessional.

When listing theater credits, you don#8217;t usually name the director. However, if the essay on how to deal international terrorism, director#8217;s name is really well-known, I would list that either alongside the best nyu admission, theater company#8217;s name, or instead of the location if you#8217;re short for space (similar to Film/TV credit format). Your training and portrays the image, education . Nyu Admission? In this section, list all the relevant acting training that you#8217;ve had so far. That usually includes: acting classes, workshops, formal theater/acting education and individual essay, other informal acting/drama training. Begin by listing the best, name of your acting teacher (for private/group classes) or the institution where you#8217;ve studied acting. Right next to it you#8217;ll list what type of media portrays the image, acting classes those were, which you#8217;ll know after you#8217;ve taken them. There#8217;s too many for me to list, but the best nyu admission essay, most common are Scene Study, Cold Reading, Audition Technique, Improv, and On-Camera Class. In the third column of physics, this section, it#8217;s the location. Now in terms of what goes where vertically. Essay? Normally, you#8217;ll have your formal and probably oldest acting education at the bottom, which is the college or drama school that you went to.

Even if you think it#8217;s the online creative degree texas, best type of training you have received, that#8217;s usually not how casting directors and agents think. Keep the classes that you#8217;re currently taking at the very top of this section, and add #8220;(ongoing)#8221; right next to them. Best? After that, list any other acting class or workshop that you#8217;ve taken chronologically with the online degree, oldest class at the bottom of the list. Your special skills . The least useful section of best nyu admission essay, your acting resume is the one that actors truly obsess over. You don#8217;t have to, because agents rarely even look here, unless there#8217;s something very specific that they want from an actor. Essay On How With? With that in mind, don#8217;t over-complicate this part and list the best essay, things that you#8217;re most proficient in.

My advice for the special skills section would be to be honest with yourself. If you#8217;ve only strummed a guitar a few times in individual rights your life, don#8217;t put Guitar on best there. If you#8217;ve played basketball in with international terrorism high school which was 10 years ago, don#8217;t put Basketball in there. Also, don#8217;t write down things like Running and essay, Whistling, unless you#8217;re a professional. The same goes for listing languages. Portrays The Image? Over-exaggerating about best essay your special skills used to be a thing back in the day, but in 2015, agents think this just looks dumb. #8220; I want all of you to look up the meaning of the research paper, word “fluent.” Make sure you understand what it means before you claim you’re fluent in any language. I’m fluent in best nyu admission essay three, and I always test actors when I see one of those languages listed on their resume. Care to guess how many couldn’t respond to a simple question in the language they’re supposed to physics research paper, be fluent in? #8221; Secret Agent Man , Backstage.com. As you can see, agents do care and they do their due diligence.

Bottom Line : Always stick to best, the standard actor resume format, and don#8217;t reinvent the wheel. Agents and casting directors should be able to scan through your resume fast. Research Paper? Let me give you quick breakdown of film and television role types. This is something every aspiring actor in best nyu admission essay Los Angeles has to know. You#8217;ll be surprised how often you#8217;ll soon be using these terms. Series regular Main character(s) on to deal international the show under contract for a certain period of time, usually for the duration of the whole show/season. Recurring Second most important TV acting role type. Best Essay? These are usually signed to appear on the show on multiple episodes. Guest star Third biggest part where the character is directly involved with the individual, plot of the TV show, usually for a single episode, but sometimes several episodes. Co-star A small speaking part that will only be involved in one episode for a small period of screen time.

Under 5 (U5) Normally applicable only to daytime dramas where the character will have less than five lines. Lead Protagonist. Main character of the nyu admission, story on whom the whole film is centered. Supporting Secondary character which can be just as important to the film/story. Principal A small part with spoken lines where the rights essay, character will usually interact with one of the above characters for a short period, but doesn#8217;t add much to the story. Featured A non-speaking part where the character gets enough facetime. This is not the same as an best essay Extra, but sometimes Extras are promoted to Featured roles. And that wraps up the whole technical part of an actor#8217;s resume. Please feel free to creative writing degree texas, come back to this article when you#8217;ll need help with structuring your actor resume format.

I#8217;ve already mentioned this, but don#8217;t stress about not having any acting experience. Yes, it is Catch-22 where you can#8217;t get work because you have no experience but you can#8217;t get experience without acquiring work. Welcome to Hollywood. A) The first thing you may want to do is think about whether you definitely have no experience. Maybe you#8217;ve been in some small plays, or student films, or even indie films with your friends? List them all! Anything where you have actually done acting can go on your resume, even if it#8217;s a small part in best essay a silly project. Degree? B) The next step is obvious: you need to search for opportunities to act.

The easiest way to best essay, acquire some credits for individual essay your resume is to visit your local community college for best essay some stage work. You can also browse through free casting websites, Craigslist, filmmaking websites and forums where people are looking for sections research paper actors who would work for free. If you#8217;re willing to do some work for nyu admission no reward, that means you#8217;ll find opportunities faster. C) The third thing you can do is produce something yourself. On How With? I#8217;ve already talked about the importance for best nyu admission essay actors to essay, create their own projects, and the earlier you start, the better. All you need is best essay, a few bucks, a smartphone with a decent camera and some time. You can gather up a couple of friends, write a screenplay for a short film, shoot it on essay on how with your phone and put it up on YouTube. That#8217;s your first credit. I would advise against buying memberships on nyu admission casting websites just yet. If this is your first time venturing into the world of essay maya angelou, performing arts, give it some time, and see if you even like the nyu admission essay, craft of acting before spending money.

You will be surprised how quickly your resume will start growing if you dedicate some time to this, and if you#8217;re willing to work for free. Degree? There are a lot of opportunities out there, especially if you move to best nyu admission essay, a big city such as Los Angeles, New York City, Atlanta, Vancouver in Canada or London in England. Once you start receiving some acting work, remove your older, #8220;silly#8221; credits and rights essay, replace them with the most recent stuff. Best Nyu Admission? Finally, try to have fun. People often forget about degree this myself included but it#8217;s an integral part of succeeding as an actor.

After all, don#8217;t we all want to become actors so that we can have fun instead of work?

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Columbia MBA Essays for 2017 Admission. Columbia Business School has, as they do every year, modified their MBA application essay set, but the changes are small. The application is not up yet, but the questions for 2017 entry (J-Term Class of 2018 and August for Class of 2019) are. You can find testimonials from my clients admitted for Columbia August and January entry here. Since 2007, when I established my own consultancy, (I have been an MBA admissions consultant since 2001) I have been fortunate to work with 31 clients admitted to Columbia Business School.

Given Columbia’s overall rank as well as the unique nature of both January (J-Term) and Early Decision for August (ED), it has been very common for best nyu admission essay, me to work with clients who apply only to that school. In this sense, the only school with the essay on how same level of sole applicant focus is INSEAD. Columbia certainly rewards those who make it their first or sole choice as both J-Term and ED seem to be significantly easier to get admitted to best, than RD. Columbia is physics paper, also one of the most reapplicant friendly schools both in terms of the best nyu admission essay reapplication process for essay, those who reapply within one year of their initial application and in terms of acceptance rates. For my post on re-application to Columbia, see here. Before discussing the CBS essays for 2016-2017, I will discuss who J-Term (January Entry) is for essay, and differences between Early Decision and Regular Decision for August Entry. For my analysis of recommendations for 2016 admission, please see here (Will alter this if the rec for 2017 changes). For my analysis of Columbia Business School application interviews, please see here. The first thing to keep in mind about essay, admission to best nyu admission, both January Term and August Term (ED and RD) is that Columbia uses a rolling admissions system.

While there are final deadlines, since applicants’ files are reviewed and decisions are being made as they apply, by the time that that the final deadlines for August Term have arrived most seats are already filled. Rolling admissions works just like buying assigned seats for an airplane, movie, concert, etc. When they are gone, they are gone. Columbia’s rolling admissions system is physics, a differentiator from other top MBA programs because only Columbia uses this system. Rolling admissions is commonly used by EMBA programs. Here are some common issues that arise when considering J-term:

Is J-term easier to get into than August entry? There is best essay, much speculation on this issue, but no admissions data. Still the lack of merit fellowships, an internship, and research the nature of who the program is designed for, clearly indicate that it is going to attract fewer applicants, so my assumption is nyu admission essay, that it is surely easier. Happy to proven wrong if CBS admissions provides data showing otherwise. Research? All I know for best nyu admission essay, sure is research, that relatively late application to best, J-term has not prevented my clients from online creative being admitted, whereas late application to RD is a real problem simply from a seat availability perspective. In one way, J-term is clearly easier: Unlike an best, August entry RD and (and to a lesser extent ED) applicant, someone applying to Columbia J-term can really be assumed to prefer Columbia over all alternatives. This can make interviews a bit easier in the sense that August entry Columbia alumni interviewers are notorious for being particularly aggressive at determining whether the interviewee’s first choice is really Columbia. Media Portrays The Image Of Beauty? Since J-term has no real US rival, this topic can be easily dispensed with in an interview.

Program Alternatives to J-term: There are no US alternatives to J-term worth mentioning if someone wants a January start. Kellogg and Cornell offer one year MBAs, but neither Kellogg or Cornell start their programs in January and both are accelerated programs in terms of the number of courses taken. Only J-term makes it possible to do two years of courses on such an expedited basis. Nyu Admission? In addition, the physics research paper Kellogg program is extremely restrictive, since one has to have taken many core business courses to apply to it. Best Essay? Cornell is also restrictive (Graduate degree or specialized professional certification is required), while Columbia has no such prior education restrictions. I have had clients who apply to J-term and angelou IMD and/or INSEAD as both have January entry. Still J-term is an incredibly different program in terms of length and content from either of essay these top non-US programs. LBS, which does not have a January start, would also be another alternative to CBS in the sense that it can be completed on an accelerated basis, but it has no January start. Can an essay angelou, August entry applicant reapply to J-term? Yes!

You could be rejected from ED or RD for August 2016 entry and best nyu admission reapply for January 2017 entry. If you entered in January 2017, you would graduate in the Class of 2018 with those who entered in August 2016. I have worked with a number of reapplicants who were admitted to J-term after being dinged from the rights essay August entry for that same graduating class. In that situation, the key issues for the reapplicant essay are explaining why J-term is now a better choice and you are a better candidate. August Entry: ED Versus RD. Applying for Early Decision (ED) is ideal for anyone who considers Columbia to be their first choice and is ready by the application deadline. Columbia takes ED very seriously, so I suggest you do as well. CBS ED really is unique among top MBA programs and the decision to commit to it should not be taken lightly. Every year many applicants to best essay, Columbia Business School have to deeply consider whether to apply to physics research paper, the ED or RD round.

First, keep the official statement from Columbia regarding ED in mind: Candidates have decided that Columbia is their first choice and must sign the following statement of commitment within their applications: I am committed to nyu admission essay, attending Columbia Business School and will withdraw all applications and decline all offers from creative other schools upon admission to Columbia Business School Applicants must submit a nonrefundable $6,000 tuition deposit within two weeks of admission. In my experience, there are two types of applicants to best essay, ED. With International? The first are people who really consider Columbia as their first choice and best nyu admission sometimes make or hope to make no other applications. For this type of applicant, choosing ED is online degree texas, easy. The second type of applicant likes Columbia, but it is not necessarily their first choice. This type of applicant applies to ED because it is perceived as easier to get admitted to best, than Regular Decision (RD). Essay Angelou? This type of applicant treats the $6000 deposit as an insurance policy in the event that they are not admitted to best essay, HBS, Stanford, and/or Wharton (I don’t know of any cases of applicants forfeiting $6000 to go to media the image of beauty, other top programs, but suppose someone has done it).

If they do get into HBS, Stanford, or Wharton and break their commitment to Columbia, they lose $6000 and potentially make Columbia admissions mad. Can Columbia do anything aside from best essay keeping the money? No. For those who have no problem breaking oaths and maya angelou losing $6000, treating ED as possible insurance is best, a rational decision through clearly not an ethical one. As an admissions consultant, my sole concern is helping my clients reach their admissions objectives, so I don’t pass judgment one way or another on media of beauty, this ethical issue. I do recommend the January Merit Fellowship deadline or earlier as optimal for best, applying to RD.

While you can consider Merit deadline to be kind of a “Round Two Deadline,” I recommend you apply as soon as you are ready to do so. I would especially encourage those coming from groups with large numbers of applicants (American males from Wall Street and Indian males in particular), to make their applications to RD ASAP. That said, RD takes applications until April 15, 2015, so applications are still viable for some applicants until quite late in the admissions cycle. In general, applying late in RD is best for physics, those with highly unusual backgrounds, stellar backgrounds, no need for merit scholarships and best nyu admission a love of gambling. In other words, if you are not exceptional, applying late in RD to Columbia is the image, a very high-risk activity. How to leverage RD to your advantage when applying to best nyu admission essay, other MBA programs in the First Round.

If you are applying in the first round, an ideal time to apply to individual rights essay, Columbia is after you have completed all the applications that were due in September to best nyu admission, mid-October. Creative Texas? Assuming you are relatively freed up while you are waiting for your R1 invites, apply to Columbia. This means you will be considered early in RD and best nyu admission essay that is an advantage because there will be more seats available. How to leverage RD to your advantage when applying to other MBA programs in the Second Round. Since most R2 applications are due in January, applying to Columbia in November or December will still give you a relative advantage over those applicants that apply right before the Merit Deadline. Again, the earlier, the better your chance for an available seat. The Essay Questions and the Immediate Post-MBA Goals Statement. I have taken the essay questions from the website. If these change once the application is up, I will alter accordingly.

What is your immediate post-MBA professional goal? (51 characters maximum) Examples of essay possible responses: “Work in best nyu admission essay business development for a media company.” “Join a strategy consulting firm.” “Launch a data-management start-up.” Remember this is 51 characters, not words! This would be about essay maya angelou, 6-10 words. The question itself, fortunately, includes the above examples to make it clear what Columbia is looking for here. Given the length, you can’t possibly expect to nyu admission, explain what you want to do short-term. That is what Essay 1 is online creative writing texas, for. In fact, it is best to simply write this little statement after you have a good working version of Essay 1.

CBS is looking for a short, but a very clear statement of what you intend to nyu admission, do after your MBA. If you have difficulty explaining your immediate post-MBA plans in the space given, I think that is maya, likely an indication that your plans are too complex, vague, or otherwise not well thought out. What you state here should be backed up by what you discuss in best Essay 1 (or the research paper reapplicant essay for reapplicants) and possibly in the other essays. If you can be clever or catchy in essay formulating this response that is sections research paper, fine, but it is a completely secondary consideration to simply stating something that is very clear and that is completely consistent with what you write in Essay 1. Being clever is not critical here, being clear is. Through your resume and recommendations, we have a clear sense of your professional path to essay, date. What are your career goals going forward, and how will the essay maya angelou Columbia MBA help you achieve them? (100-750 words) The only thing that has changed from last year is that the nyu admission length is now flexible as it was previously 500 words. Since I have found it necessary to make this clear to clients: THIS ESSAY IS COMPLETELY FUTURE FOCUSED. That is why they say they “have a clear sense of your professional path to essay to deal with international terrorism, date.” This is best nyu admission, actually one of the most basic types of MBA essays: What do you want in the future and how can the MBA program help you achieve THEM?

I have capitalized THEM because the point is media portrays the image of beauty, that Columbia is looking for both your immediate post-MBA goal and nyu admission your longer term goals. Be strategic and thoughtful about why you are wanting a Columbia MBA now: Given the importance of portrays the image of beauty being able to best essay, state your post-MBA goal clearly in to deal with international 51 characters or less as well as the need in Essay 1 to explain why you want a Columbia MBA, it is essay, critical that you be strategic and thoughtful in the image of beauty presenting your post-MBA plans and your reasons for wanting a Columbia MBA. If you are having problems clearly articulating your goals either in Essay 1 or in the 50 character statement, I think Gap, SWOT, and ROI analysis are great ways for understanding what your goals are, why you want a degree, and how you will use it. The following image may not work for all browsers. If so, see here. Next, analyze your present strengths and weaknesses for succeeding in your present career. In particular, some of nyu admission your greatest strengths may have been demonstrated outside of work, so make sure you are accounting for essay maya, them. Strengths: What are you good at? Where do you add value?

What are you praised for? What are you proud of? Weakness: What are you bad at? What are you criticized for? What do you try to avoid due to your own limitations? What do you fear? Next, analyze your situation in right now. Best Essay? What opportunities exist for your growth and writing degree texas success? What threats could limit your career growth? Balance and integrate Goals and Why Columbia?

A good version of Essay 1 will balance and integrate goals with Columbia. That is to say, the essay objective is sections research, not merely to discuss your goals and then extensively or briefly discuss Columbia, but to put together an essay that integrates and balances the two. Your objective is to write an essay that shows Columbia why it is the best possible place for you to achieve your career goals. If your goals are not showing themselves to best, be particularly well supported by Columbia, you may need to either change your goals or decide to apply elsewhere. Columbia Business School’s students participate in industry focused New York immersion seminars; in project based Master Classes; and in media portrays the image of beauty school year internships. Most importantly, our students are taught by a combination of essay distinguished research faculty and accomplished practitioners. Research? How will you take advantage of being “at the very center of business”? (100-500 words ) The major change from last year’s version of the question is best, that now has a flexible length, whereas it was previously 250 words. The day I visited Columbia Business School in 2013 was when they rolling out their new branding campaign, At the Very Center of individual rights essay Business (Thanks for the free breakfast. I could have taken a t-shirt too, but I make it a rule never to wear a university’s t-shirt unless I am a student or an alumnus, so for B-School purposes that means you will find me in an INSEAD shirt). After you watch the video, I suggest reading their detailed press release on At the Very Center of Business, which I will discuss below. On one level, CBS is at the center because it is in NYC . I could make the same totally cynical comment I made last year about how the focus on NYC here is a way to best nyu admission essay, avoid the fact that it is unclear when their new campus will be ready, but I would not do that.

I just did again! Sorry… I know the Columbia folks can take my jab, they are tough, they are New Yorkers. Anyway, everyone knows you don’t go to Columbia Business School right now because of the state of the art building, you go because of the quality of the faculty and media portrays the image of beauty adjunct faculty, the school’s deep connections to Wall Street and all other major industries in best essay the city and worldwide, the research paper networking opportunities, the interning opportunities, the nyu admission diversity of CBS students, and the city of NYC. Anyone who is considering Columbia and does not factor NYC into the equation would surely be missing a critical part of the school’s value proposition. Media The Image Of Beauty? I was recently talking with a potential client who did not quite get this value proposition because he was simply fixated on best, the classroom. While classroom technology plays a role in selecting a school, a full-time two-year MBA program at a top American school is simply not reducible to the building. I think this is especially true of Columbia. That said, at maya least in the class I visited in 2013, the nyu admission essay professor was great, the creative writing texas students were friendly but highly engaged, and even though the whiteboard was old school and hard to see, I was impressed. Columbia really is at the center of nyu admission essay NYC, but so is NYU Stern (And given Stern’s greater proximity to Wall Street, Soho, start-ups, etc, I think I would be careful about claiming to with international, be at the center of nyu admission NYC, but that is writing degree, why they say the center of business). Of course, Columbia wants to claim that it is at best essay the worldwide center of business.

Maybe, but it has no exclusivity in research that regard, but don’t tell them that. I think the branding concept reflects this school’s need to assert its self-importance and to have applicants affirm this. Saying you are at the center is an incredibly narcissistic statement. Best? “I am at the center” is a statement of online writing degree texas self-importance. It is pure arrogance. It reflects an underlying insecurity about one’s place in the universe, in nyu admission other words, if someone tells you they are the center, assume they probably are not. At a minimum, assume they have a strong need to be loved. Research? I have always maintained that Columbia needs to feel loved. This is especially true in the interview process. It is also true in nyu admission the essays.

Therefore, YOU MUST TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE COLUMBIA BUSINESS SCHOOL’S SENSE OF INSECURITY, ITS DESIRE TO BE LOVED, BY AFFIRMING HOW ITS CENTRALITY WILL BENEFIT YOU! Use the At the Very Center of Business branding campaign to help you brainstorm content for Essay 2: Which of creative writing texas these pillars will you take advantage of? Think about each of them to come up with 1-3 topics for this essay. -What specific research activities at Columbia really excite you? How will you use this research? Will CBS help you become a thought leader? How? – See my suggestions for learning about Columbia in nyu admission essay Essay 1 above.

-How will leverage the access you gain at CBS? In what ways? For what purpose? -What do you hope to gain from the community? -How will being at the center help you make an individual rights, impact? What kind of impact do you want to have? In Essay 1, you are explaining why you need an MBA from Columbia now and would surely be addressing particular aspects of the nyu admission MBA program in paper your answer. In Essay 2, you really are focused on explaining why being at the center itself would benefit you . The reasons might relate to your professional goals, but may very well be highly personal or most likely a combination of the best nyu admission essay two. An effective answer here will provide the maya angelou reader with greater insight into your personality, interests, and motivations. A bad answer might very consist of making a bunch of general comments about essay, why Columbia and NYC would be great, but not giving the reader into any insight about online creative writing degree texas, you.

CBS Matters, a key element of the nyu admission School’s culture, allows the people in your Cluster to learn more about you on a personal level. What will your Clustermates be pleasantly surprised to learn about sections, you? (100-250 words) The big change from last year is that the word pleasantly is in bold, so keep it surprising but pleasant! The CBS MATTERS video is very helpful to watch as it will help you understand the value in sharing an best nyu admission essay, important part of yourself with your cluster. This question has been somewhat modified from last year, but the core “surprise” part of the question remains unchanged.

I love “SURPRISE US” questions. Actually, one of the things I do in my initial consultations with a potential client is to ask this question because it helps me understand whether the person I am talking to has really had to present themselves in a positive and interesting way as a person (and not just for getting a job). Research Paper? Unlike Columbia, I don’t use it as a basis for selecting clients, but rather as a way to best, gauge an essay maya angelou, applicants’ self-awareness and ability to respond spontaneously to an unexpected question as this might be something my client will need to work on. To surprise someone in a positive way is to give them a new reason to be interested in you. This essay should do that! The word, pleasantly , is nyu admission, really important.

The topic(s) you write about creative writing degree texas, should be positive aspects of who you are. This is an essay about how you will add value to your Cluster (If you have no idea what that is, see here). Good answers here are really engaging and very unique. I actually like this question quite a bit because it is a great way for applicants to highlight some really unique aspect or aspects about themselves. The point is that it should be something that would not be obvious about you. The focus may be on something very specific that you did or something about your character. Whatever it is, it should not simply be pleasantly surprising, but also relevant in some way. It might be something that will add value to your Cluster. If it is highly personal, it should reveal a quality or aspect to you that is not merely interesting, but also something really worth knowing. Best Nyu Admission? A good answer here might involve an unusual hobby or experience but the possibilities are endless.

Just keep it positive! Bad answers to this question will likely to do the following: -Focus on something that is relatively obvious from your resume. -Focus on something that does not really have any clear selling points about who you are. An optional fourth essay will allow you to discuss any issues that do not fall within the purview of the required essays. 1. If they did not ask it, do they really need to essay angelou, know it? 2. Will the topic I want to discuss significantly improve my overall essay set? 3. Is the topic one that would not be covered from looking at best other parts of essay my application? 4. Is the essay likely to be read as being a specific answer for best essay, Columbia and not an obvious essay for with international terrorism, another school? If you can answer “Yes!” to best essay, all four questions, it might be a good topic to write about. Columbia Loves to research, Be Loved.

One thing that is nyu admission essay, consistent about Columbia Business School is that they want to know that their school is your first choice. Essay? If you have an alumni interview you can be expected to be asked about that very directly. See here for essay, my advice on Columbia interviews. Best of luck!

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How to Tackle the "Why Us" School-Specific Essay (with Examples

Why Your Resume Sucks #038; How to Fix It. I’ve seen a lot of software engineers’ resumes over the past few years. And most of them suck. Even the resumes of really good people who we’ve hired have often been very average. Why is best that?

I’m going to research paper, tell you why, and then I’m going to help you avoid the same mistake. And while my experience is best mainly in hiring for IT-related roles, this advice can be used by sections paper, any job seeker. It’s easy to find pretty specific definitions of resume / resume and nyu admission curriculum vitae (CV) and the differences between the two styles of sections paper, career/life summary. In brief, a resume is best essay supposed to summarise everything in a single page, while a CV will be longer and go into more depth. In Australia, we mostly receive CVs, although we tend to use the word “resume” to refer to sections paper, these documents. The advice here relates to both formats, but I’ll use the term resume. I think the common understanding of best nyu admission, how to write a resume is wrong.

It’s wrong because the common approach is to develop a resume that’s focused on the candidate. Here is the rights, most important thing you need to know about writing a resume: The resume-writing process should not be focussed on you, the candidate. It should be focussed on the Hiring Manager . If you started your resume with a resume template from some office suite of products, you’ve already started badly. What does the person who created that template know about nyu admission, your industry, your country, the creative writing degree, current job market and, most importantly, the nyu admission, people you’ll be sending the angelou, resume to? If your resume is essay not designed with a Hiring Manager in terrorism, mind, it’s probably not been designed at all. Best Nyu Admission Essay? To design the right resume, you need to start with two blank documents. Two? Yep, TWO! We’ll get to that later. First, you need to essay, fully understand Rule #2:

The Hiring Manager is the best nyu admission essay, user of essay international terrorism, your resume. Essay? If it doesn’t satisfy their needs, it will be a failing resume. So, what does a Hiring Manager need in a resume? Really just two things: They need to on how to deal terrorism, answer their common gating questions. Nyu Admission? Fast. If you’ve never been involved in a reviewing resumes before, this may seem a little crude, and if you have done resume reviews, you’re nodding your head right now.

You see, no one ever gets a job off the back of a great resume. It’s just a short and fast way to rule out candidates who won’t make it to the next stage. Not because they’ve done anything wrong, simply because they’re not as promising a prospect on paper as other candidates. It’s simply not possible to invest masses of sections paper, time into every candidate who applies, so the resume review process is best nyu admission a quick gate. What happens if you don’t meet the Hiring Manager’s needs? You can answer that yourself. If they can’t find the answers to their gating questions in your resume, do you think they’re more likely to (a) let you through without getting the answers they wanted, (b) chase you up by phone to maya, get the best nyu admission essay, important information you left out, or (c) let your resume fall into the waste bin?

And if the answers are in research, there but they can’t find them fast? Well, they’re trying to do it fast, so it ends up being the same as them not finding them. I’ve had a full-time recruiter tell me I should never spend more than 2 minutes looking at a resume. Personally, I’m not that cut-throat, but you should know that there are people who are literally time-limiting your resume and putting a very high bar on its efficacy in communicating to best nyu admission, them. So, the big question: What are the essay, Hiring Manager’s gating questions? Ah! Here’s the catch.

You don’t actually know! Not exactly. If you spend some time thinking about it, though, you’ll be able to figure it out. There are some obvious and common ones you should think hard about… Pretty much every manager will want to know a few things about your job history; at the very least: “ What companies have you worked for? In what roles? And for best essay how long? ” Other questions they might be interested in writing texas, answering include: “ Which country was each job in? Were you contracting, consulting, or doing in-house RD? Did you have one role at that firm, or move through several? ” Now, almost every resume contains the answers to these questions.

Often, though, the answers are distributed across multiple pages, or buried in the detail, which fails the “tell me fast” test. A “job history in a nutshell” is a must-have. The Hiring Manager ideally wants to be able to answer each question they have by looking at a single page . Think about this little detail: the Hiring Manager really wants to know how long you worked at best nyu admission essay, each role, but most people list start and end dates. Those are important, yet to answer the question of “how long?” with only that info, the reader has to with international, do calendar math in their head, when you could have just written “(2 years 4 months)” next to nyu admission, the dates. Creative Texas? Little details like this can make a big difference to how quickly your resume gets understood. Another obvious question at the top of most Hiring Managers’ lists is: “ What educational qualifications do you have? ” Again, it’s present in most resumes, but where?

It’s surprising how many people put this as the best essay, last thing on the last page of their resume, almost like a footnote. The Image? Again, the information is there, but not somewhere that the best nyu admission essay, manager will see it quickly. I’m guessing people do this because they see their resume as one long reverse-chronological history, but often this is one of the first bits of info a Hiring Manager will want to know. Some Common But Not-So-Obvious Questions. Here’s a question the Hiring Manager may be asking and which you may not be answering: “ Can this person communicate using the paper, written word? ” You’re thinking, “Well, of course, I used English when I wrote it,” but that’s not necessarily enough to answer this question. Best Essay? It’s not uncommon today to see resumes where there isn’t a properly formed sentence in the whole thing. Instead, there’s endless lists of bullet points, all of which contain fragments of sentences or just lists of words and phrases. Use English. Use paragraphs. Write. Online Creative Writing Degree Texas? Communicate as if the reader is reading , not scanning for best nyu admission essay keywords.

Another question you may not have realised is being asked of your resume is: “ How does this person stand out from other candidates? ” Are there things about paper, you which are exceptional compared to other employees in your industry? You need to best essay, make sure they’re explained, and that they’re impossible to miss. You may not get cut if your resume doesn’t demonstrate that you’re exceptional. However, having one that explains (succinctly!) why you’re a head above the physics research, rest boosts your chances of getting to the next round phenomenally. Some Questions Hiring Managers Aren’t Asking. “ How does the best essay, About Us page of your previous employer describe the company? ” Quite often I see the first paragraph of sections, every job role in a resume has obviously been lifted straight from the company’s marketing material. Nyu Admission? Don’t do this. While what the company as a whole does is interesting, the Hiring Manager is online creative writing texas much more interested in best nyu admission, what you did at the company.

Usually the relevant background can be summed up in one short sentence, often less than ten words. Example: “FakeInsure provides retail home, car and media of beauty life insurance.” (Hot tip: If the company description contains “innovative”, I know you stole it from marketing.) “ What’s the full list of every technology you used on essay, each project? ” Do you really think someone cares which logging library you used on a project for six months in 2009? I care about understanding how deep your experience is in the few skills that you specialise in, and individual rights essay about getting a general feel for how broad your skill set is. And on that note, “ How does the candidate rank their own expertise in their 20 most-used technologies? ” is essay also something most Hiring Managers aren’t asking. For the skills where they think it’s important to know the depth of your expertise, they’ll make sure they test you using their own scale. “ Does this person know how to copy paste bullet points between roles or what? ” Seriously.

I’ve seen resumes with 5 roles and 8 bullet points under each, with at least half of the points being exactly the same between each role. If you’ve done a bunch of common stuff in every role, just write that at individual, the top! (And using a sentence instead of bullet points!) What are the rest of the questions Hiring Managers are asking? That’s the spirit! If you’re asking the question above, you’ve finally got the hang of it. You’ve realised you don’t care what you want to say about yourself, you only care what the resume reader wants to answer about you. Thing is, every company and Hiring Manager will be using different questions.

The same people will use different questions for different roles. I can’t hope to tell you everything they’ll be thinking. Essay? And this is the image where the two blank documents comes in. When you’re getting ready to best nyu admission, apply for a job, the second document you want to write is your resume or CV. Note that carefully – you write it second ! The first document you write is a list of questions – the questions you believe the Hiring Manager for essay maya this role will be asking. Put it in priority order. Once you’ve got that list of questions, you’ll know exactly what you need to write in your resume. Pro tip: You can legally cheat here. If you know someone in the industry who’s a Hiring Manager, ask them what questions they would ask when looking at a resume for this role.

Take their responses with a grain of salt, though. Questions will change from company to company depending on the hiring needs, the nyu admission, culture and the current team’s capability. Wait a Minute. Essay Maya Angelou? If the Resume is best Based on the Role… Does this mean you need a different resume for essay angelou every role you apply for? The answer is… possibly.

It depends how different the roles are that you’re applying for best and, consequently, whether you expect Hiring Managers to individual rights essay, be asking different questions. Let’s take some examples. Nyu Admission Essay? If you’re a software engineer applying to research paper, an algo-trading company, they’re very likely to best nyu admission, be interested in whether you have previous experience in finance, or coding complex algorithms, or in writing high-volume, high-performance code. If you’re applying for sections paper a design agency consulting role, they’re probably more interested in whether you’ve got experience in doing small projects quickly and interfacing with customers. Best Nyu Admission? These managers have different questions which are answered by different information.

However, it’s possible your resume may answer the questions of all the rights essay, different roles you’ll apply for, and that’s okay. What’s important is to write that first document – the list of questions you expect the Hiring Manager to best, be asking – each time you apply for a role. Essay? Be honest about whether your resume needs some fine-tuning before sending it in. Be careful about trying to craft a resume that is everything to everyone, because it can end up being 50% irrelevant to best essay, everyone. With Terrorism? In the example above, the agency won’t care much about your algorithm chops, and the algo-trading place may not care much about your people skills. You could put both in, but it may give the nyu admission essay, wrong impression, i.e. that you’re looking for physics research a role where you get to repeat those previous achievements. This should be obvious. For Hiring Managers to review your resume quickly, it needs to be short. Ideally, two pages or less. Three at the most.

Someone managed to put all of best, Elon Musk’s career on one page, so I’m sure you can manage with two! Good design and formatting can grab the rights essay, Hiring Manager’s attention and nyu admission contribute to them finding the answers to their questions quickly. Rights? Here’s some quick tips: make section headings obvious; don’t follow bullets with long sentences; don’t have a hierarchy of bullets; in general, avoid bullets; don’t use tables; don’t write the exact dates of best nyu admission, your tenure, months are good enough; don’t use a margin that takes up 1/3 of the page; use consistent styling throughout; use contrast to highlight the most important bits; don’t use bold to highlight every 5th word. Again, a chance to legally cheat: If you have a friend who has visual design skills, you’d be very smart to get them to help in the design of physics paper, your resume. Don’t be shy – most design folk love little projects like this. Even better, you can learn the essay, simple skills you need to format it better yourself. I haven’t been telling the whole truth. The Hiring Manager is the sections paper, most important consumer of your resume, but there are other users, too: the recruiter and, increasingly, the recruiter’s candidate searching software. So, while I, as a Hiring Manager, don’t care for nyu admission essay reading long lists of technologies, recruitment software loves reading that kind of stuff. If you leave it out, there’s a chance you might not be prioritised by the software for the roles you want. Hence, you might like to physics paper, give a quick thought to how you’d like your resume to be found by recruitment software – basically, Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) for your own CV – but be careful not to stuff up the Hiring Manager experience for the computer’s sake.

The advantage here is that software reads resumes very fast, and best it doesn’t care if information is at the start or the end of your resume, or even if it’s invisible because it’s white-on-white! Start your resume writing by thinking about and rights writing down the questions the Hiring Manager is most likely to nyu admission essay, be asking to pass resumes on to the next round. Put the answers to all those questions in paper, the resume in a way that’s quick to assess. Don’t put in information that doesn’t help them answer their questions. Keep it short and well-designed. Don’t submit a previously-written resume to another role without thinking about whether this Hiring Manager is best nyu admission essay asking the individual rights, same questions as the last one you submitted it to. If you’d like to test out your new resume-writing skills, apply to best nyu admission essay, Tyro Payments! We’re hiring for heaps of roles at the moment, including Software Engineers, Testers, and Operations / DevOps folk. We’ve just expanded our Software Engineer recruitment to accept applicants from all over Australia and abroad, so if you’re planning to essay maya, move to Sydney, this could be your chance!

Here’s some links where you can find out best essay, more about Tyro and the roles we currently have open. Make sure you mention my blog when you apply. #128521; One thought on “ Why Your Resume Sucks #038; How to Fix It ” I like your point of “4 year 6 months” against every job. I can’t calculate how long this guy worked for .. Physics Paper? I’m going to tune my CV tonight !